Lipoxygenases constitute a family of nonhaem metal enzymes with catalytic iron or, occasionally, catalytic manganese. Lipoxygenases oxidize polyunsaturated fatty acids with position specificity and stereospecificity to hydroperoxides, which contribute to inflammation and the development of cancer. Little is known about the structural differences between lipoxygenases with Fe or Mn and the metal-selection mechanism. APichia pastorisexpression system was used for the production of the manganese lipoxygenase of the take-all fungus of wheat,Gaeumannomyces graminis. The active enzyme was treated with α-mannosidase, purified to apparent homogeneity and subjected to crystal screening and X-ray diffraction. The crystals diffracted to 2.6 Å resolution and belonged to space groupC2, with unit-cell parametersa= 226.6,b= 50.6,c= 177.92 Å, β = 91.70°.
Chemistry and Pharmacology