ALBERT

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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 31 (2002), S. 1021-1042 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Focuses on the issue of increasing environmental and societal complexity, and its effects on the individual, especially visible in the increase of self-reference (the commonalities between man, animals and machines). Distinguishes three meanings of self-reference and discusses the interrelationships between self-reference, alienation, and growing societal complexity: states that, especially in the last few decades of this secular age, there has been increasing incidence of self-reference. Also discusses the relationship between self-reference, constructivism, and modern brain research. Asserts that the march of self-reference is likely to continue, but that it will change in character.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 32 (2003), S. 1235-1252 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Based on an address given to the second international conference on sociocybernetics the author gives a personal view of globalization and sustainability. He discusses economy-driven, science-driven and tourism-driven globalization and gives a meaning to the term "sustainer", He gives examples of the "nastier aspects of globalization" and considers whether there is a realistic approach to globalization and sustainability problems. Deals from a sociocybernetic viewpoint with some of the challenges to be faced in the modern world.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 23 (1994), S. 46-61 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Aims to analyse the influence of Norbert Wiener's ideas on the social sciences and on social systems, including society as a whole. Describes Wiener's own attitudes regarding the applicability of cybernetics to social systems and his vision on the development of modern society. Highlights sociologists and political scientists who were inspired by his ideas and deals with researchers who tried to apply his ideas to social systems. Concludes by evaluating to what extent specific ideas of Wiener have impacted on the social sciences.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 24 (1995), S. 6-32 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Summarizes some of the important concepts and developments in cybernetics and general systems theory, especially during the last two decades. Shows how they can indeed be a challenge to sociological thinking. Cybernetics is used here as an umbrella term for a great variety of related disciplines: general systems theory, information theory, system dynamics, dynamic systems theory, including catastrophe theory, chaos theory. Also considers the emerging "science of complexity", which includes neural networks, artificial intelligence and artificial life, and discusses the methodological drawbacks of second-order cybernetics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: The transition is described from the "mediated society" (Lachs) to the "network society" (Castells), caused by the increasingly rapid complexification of modern society. On the level of psychic systems, i.e. the individual's consciousness, the modern network society promotes new (non-Marxist and non-psychiatric) forms of powerlessness and meaningless. On the level of social systems, i.e. the system of communications in the network society, the results of this are described. The network society is only partially developed: in some areas more than others, in the economic and political more than in the cultural sphere. As an example, the present-day situation in Yugoslavia is discussed, as well as the chances for the emergence of world-wide minimum norms, both ecological and anti-genocide.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 25 (1996), S. 60-66 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Reintroduces alienation theory and research. Considers alienation in a cybernetic sense as a generic term for different types of information processing problems in individuals. Considers these, more often than not, to be ultimately caused by developments in their social environment and reflecting back on that environment. Discusses the emergence of virtual communities, giving as an example the Thematic Group on Sociocybernetics and Social Systems. Describes its function and composition in a virtual community context. Considers whether Norbert Wiener foresaw the emergence of virtual communities and examines the link with the society envisaged by Niklas Luhmann.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bingley : Emerald
    Kybernetes 23 (1994), S. 10-34 
    ISSN: 0368-492X
    Source: Emerald Fulltext Archive Database 1994-2005
    Topics: Computer Science
    Notes: Provides definitions of the three concepts in the title and explores their interrelationships. Distinguishes six alienation dimensions - powerlessness; meaninglessness; normlessness; social isolation; cultural estrangement; self-estrangement - and combines them with three kinds of participation: spontaneous, negative, and compensatory. Describes increasing societal complexity from a general systems perspective. Explores the psycho- and sociogenesis of unalienated as well as alienated participation. Increasing societal complexity creates new forms of alienation and participation, but also resistances of groups that feel threatened or left out by an excessively fast rate of change, which in turn threatens macro-societal stability. Those left without the means to participate in the economic or political process tend to be the alienated "negative participants"; they are generally destructive and anti-outgroup as a result of personal experiences or economic deprivation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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