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  • 1
    Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Empirical evidence seems to indicate that economic growth since 1965 has varied inversely with natural resource abundance across countries. This paper proposes a linkage between abundant natural resources and economic growth, through saving and investment. When the share of output that accrues to the owners of natural resources rises, the demand for capital falls leading to lower real interest rates and less rapid growth. However, institutional reforms paving the way to a more efficient allocation of capital may enhance the quantity as well as the quality of new investment and sustain growth. Empirical evidence from 85 countries from 1965 to 1998 suggests that abundant natural capital may on average crowd out physical capital thereby inhibiting economic growth. The results also suggest that abundant natural resources may hurt saving and investment indirectly by slowing down the development of the financial system. However, high growth rates in a handful of formerly resource-dependent economies seem to indicate that economic and structural reforms can overcome any adverse effect of natural resources on economic growth.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Kyklos 35 (1982), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-6435
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Sociology , Economics
    Notes: This paper is intended to highlight the role of cost increases in the inflation process. In the course of the analysis a distinction is made between three different types of cost inflation: (i) exogenous cost impulses; (ii) competing income claims, both by way of bargaining in markets and by competition in the political arena; and (iii) attempts to preserve the purchasing power of income. Each category is discussed in some detail. The paper also discusses alternative methods of fighting cost inflation, including some issues pertaining to cost-accommodating demand management and incomes policy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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