The steady laminar motion of fluid through pipes of circular cross-section, the curvature of whose centre-line varies locally, is analysed theoretically. The flow-in three kinds of pipes whose centre-lines are specified by are treated as the examples of once-, twice- and periodically-curved pipes, respectively. The analysis is valid for any other two-dimensionally curved pipes, when centre-line curvature is small. At very small Reynolds number, the position of maximum axial velocity shifts towards the inner side of the pipe section; at large Reynolds number, on the contrary, it tends to the outer side, owing to centrifugal force. Furthermore, in the latter case, adaptation of the flow follows the change of mean-flow direction, with a phase lag. © 1976, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
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