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  • ddc:330  (33)
  • Heidelberg: Springer  (14)
  • Amsterdam and Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute  (10)
  • Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)  (9)
  • Göttingen: Ibero-Amerika-Inst. für Wirtschaftsforschung
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Keywords
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-07-18
    Description: A high court has to decide whether a lawis constitutional, unconstitutional, or interpretable. The voting system is runoff. Runoff voting systems can be interpreted both, as social choice functions or as mechanisms. It is known that, for universal domains of preferences, runoff voting systems have several drawbacks as social choice functions. Although in our setting the preferences are restricted to be singlepeaked over three alternatives, these problems persist. Runoff mechanisms are not well-behaved either: they do not implement any Condorcet consistent social choice function in undominated subgame perfect Nash equilibria. We show, however, that some Condorcet consistent social choice functions can be implemented in dominant strategies via other simple and natural mechanisms.
    Keywords: C72 ; D71 ; D78 ; ddc:330 ; runoff voting system ; Condorcet consistency ; strategy-proofness ; implementation theory ; Wahlsystem ; Condorcet-Paradoxon ; Nash-Gleichgewicht ; Nichtkooperatives Spiel ; Neue politische Ökonomie ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-07-18
    Description: We consider allocation problemswith indivisible goods when preferences are single-peaked. In this paper we identify the family of efficient, non-manipulable, consistent, and balanced solutions. We refer those solutions as Temporary Satisfaction Methods, that can be viewed as extensions to the indivisible case of the so-called uniform rule.
    Keywords: D61 ; D63 ; D74 ; ddc:330 ; allocation problem ; indivisibilities ; single-peaked preferences ; priority standard ; temporary satisfaction methods ; Allokationseffizienz ; Präferenztheorie ; Unteilbarkeit
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-04-10
    Description: The trade deficit of the USA with its NAFTA partners, Mexico and Canada, increased since 1994 from 21,991 to 119,257 million dollars in 2013 (UNCOMTRADE, 2015. http://comtrade.un.org/db), and most of this increase is explained by the growth in the volume of commerce between Mexico and the USA. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s Mexico has been experiencing its lowest economic growth rates. By using the World Input Output Database and the Input-Output Analysis, this paper presents an estimate of the intra-NAFTA trade flows in terms of value added and its distribution among both labor and capital; labor by skill level; and content of persons engaged. The findings show that trade between the NAFTA members is quite different concerning value added. In 1995 the USA had a trade deficit of 30,351 million dollars with Canada, of which 6384 million dollars was a surplus in favor of Canada in terms of value added. Similarly, the same year the USA had a deficit of 4276 million dollars with Mexico that became a surplus for the latter of 4561 million dollars in terms of value added. For the following years, until 2011, a similar pattern was observed. The distribution of this value added between capital and labor compensations tends to favor USA and Canadian workers, especially middle-skilled labor, and the sector that tends to have the lowest share is the low-skilled Mexican and Canadian workers. Even more, the average labor compensations per hour grew less for the three types of Mexican workers.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Value added in trade ; Income distribution ; NAFTA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-04-18
    Description: By means of a single-bounded, referendum format contingent valuation, this paper estimates willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality among residents of Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). Findings from this paper illustrate heterogeneity in WTP associated with environmental and social attitudes, and family concerns. For instance, WTP is higher than average if respondents state a very high priority to air pollution but smaller than average if respondent's household contains more adults than the sample median. This contingent valuation exercise provides elements to carry out cost-benefit analysis of environmental policies both recently implemented and currently under discussion in the MCMA context. For instance, a cost-benefit analysis using estimates from this paper suggests benefits from improved air quality surpass the costs of investing in hybrid buses. Usefulness of this study is underscored by pointing out recent evidence suggesting that (1) air pollution in MCMA has larger health impacts than in similar cities located in developed countries, and (2) policies tackling air pollution in MCMA have had no impact on pollution levels.
    Keywords: Q51 ; Q53 ; D61 ; ddc:330 ; Air quality ; Willingness to pay ; Mexico City ; Contingent valuation ; Attitudes
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper investigates the effect of monetary and exchange rate shocks on disaggregated prices of the Brazilian Consumer Price Index (IPCA), from 1999 to 2011. We analyze the results of a factor-augmented vector autoregressive model (Favar), which are presented by different levels of aggregation. We estimate the model using Bayesian techniques, and construct impulse-response functions using sign restrictions over the responses of macroeconomic variables. The main results were: i) 65.9% of the surveyed prices at the sub-items level fell after a monetary shock and 50.7% rose after exchange rate's shock; ii) only 2.6% of the sub-items (weight of 1.6% of the index) showed the price puzzle for monetary shocks and 2.3% (weight of 0.5% of the index) for exchange rate shocks; iii) macroeconomic shocks are more persistent than series-specific shocks; iv) the answers are different according to the sector considered.
    Keywords: E31 ; E52 ; E37 ; ddc:330 ; disaggregated prices ; monetary and exchange rate shocks ; Favar model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 6
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: The aim of this paper is to build the so-called RAWS/RAW method to estimate an annual series of Input-Output Tables (IOTs) in 2000 reference of Brazilian national accounts. The RAWS/RAW differs from other procedures applied to Brazil in that it is based on algorithms that optimize the use of relevant information available. We develop the RAW algorithm from the RAWS algorithm presented in AUTORX (2013), by incorporating both its methodological advances and auxiliary tables of the 2000/2005 IOTs estimated there. Using the 2000 and 2005 IOTs obtained from the RAWS algorithm, we both interpolate 2001-2004 IOTs and project 2006-2009 IOTs with the RAW algorithm. To test the RAWS/RAW method, we project a version of the 2005 IOT using information from the 2000 IOT, which, according to various measures of accuracy, outperforms Guilhoto and Sesso-Filho (2005, 2010) in comparison with the 2005 IOT released by IBGE.
    Keywords: D57 ; C67 ; E01 ; ddc:330 ; input-output ; National Accounts ; RAS ; matrix balancing ; State
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper attempts to extend empirical investigations about the asymmetric effects of monetary shocks in the Brazilian economy. We specify and estimate a nonlinear smooth transition vector autoregressive model including output, price level, exchange rate and a monetary policy indicator (Selic rate). Impulse response functions showed that positive and negative monetary shocks have asymmetric effects on output growth and inflation. Regarding to the business cycle, contractionary monetary shocks showed stronger effects in low-growth states while expansionary shocks were stronger in highergrowth periods. In addition, we found that inflation and output growth are rigid to countercyclical monetary shocks.
    Keywords: E32 ; E52 ; C32 ; C52 ; ddc:330 ; Geldpolitik ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 8
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper aims to discuss the determinants of Brazilian inflation measured by the Extended National Consumer Price Index (IPCA) from 2000 to 2009. We built 22 disaggregated series, the segments classification, crossing the classification in tradeables/non-tradeables/monitored prices with the main groups of the IPCA (food and beverages, housing, household goods, clothing, transportation, health and personal care, personal expenses, education and communication). Segments with more influence on inflation are ordered by the so-called Inflation Targeting Pressure Index (ITPI), designed to measure the impact of each prices group on the IPCA. The paper also presents the results of an econometric model using the transfer function method, with monthly data from 1999 to 2009 to estimate the macroeconomic determinants of inflation in the 22 disaggregated series. The determinants of most influential segments are explored following the results of the econometric model. Finally, it discusses the implications for inflation policies.
    Keywords: E31 ; ddc:330 ; Inflation ; Verbraucherpreisindex ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 9
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    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Keywords: E31 ; E32 ; ddc:330 ; Inflation ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Verbraucherpreisindex ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-01-24
    Description: This paper develops the RAWS algorithm to estimate auxiliary tables of indirect taxes and margins related to the Brazilian input-output tables (IOTs) for 2000 and 2005. We derive RAWS by an information loss minimization problem, which explores the data structure from both the IOTs and supply and use tables (SUT) released by IBGE. We make use of recent advances in the international literature of matrix balancing methods, as the generalization of RAS for tables with negative cells. Finally, we also adjust the official IOTs for 2000 and 2005 to make them compatible to the 2005/2009 revision of the SUTs.
    Keywords: D57 ; C67 ; E01 ; ddc:330 ; input-output ; National Accounts ; RAS ; matrix balancing
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
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