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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Melbourne, Australia : Blackwell Science Asia Pty. Ltd.
    Austral ecology 26 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1442-9993
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The species saturation hypothesis in ground-dwelling ant communities was tested, the relationship between local and regional species richness was studied and the possible processes involved in this relationship were evaluated in the present paper. To describe the relationship between local and regional species richness, the ground-dwelling ant fauna of 10 forest remnants was sampled, using 10 1 m2 quadrats in each remnant. The ants were extracted from the litter by using Winkler sacs. Using regression analyses, an asymptotic pattern between local and regional species richness was detected. This saturated pattern may be related to three processes: (i) high interspecific competition; (ii) habitat species specialization; or (iii) stochastic equilibrium. It is concluded that non-interactive processes, such as stochastic equilibrium and habitat specialization may act as factors regulating species richness in this community. The predominance of locally restricted species, in all sampled remnants, seems to indicate the occurrence of a high degree of habitat specialization by the ant species. This result is evidence for the hypothesis that community saturation has been generated by non-interactive processes. Although ants are frequently described as highly interactive, it is possible that interspecific competition is not important in the structuring of ground-dwelling ant communities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019
    Description: In this work, we investigate the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of the Apollonius type additive functional equation in modular spaces with or without Δ 2 -conditions. We study the same problem in fuzzy Banach spaces and β -homogeneous Banach spaces. We show the hyperstability of the functional equation associated with the Jordan triple product in fuzzy Banach algebras. The obtained results can be applied to differential and integral equations with kernels of non-power types.
    Electronic ISSN: 2227-7390
    Topics: Mathematics
    Published by MDPI
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