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  • ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg  (3)
  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd  (2)
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The paper presents results for the development of total factor productivity (TFP) growth for 35 industries. It analyses the medium-term and long-term trends in these industries during the last two decades. The method used for the calculation was first proposed by Hulten (1986). It takes into account capacity utilization effects for the capital stock. Comparing the average TFP growth rates for manufacturing before, during, and after the two oil price shocks one observes that there is a steady acceleration from a fairly low 1.4 per cent rate during 1970-74 to 2 per cent during 1984-89. Contrary labour productivity, measured by annual working hours, declined. Therefore the increase in TFP growth rates has to be attributed to a marked shift in capital productivity. During the early 70ies capital productivity growth rates were negative in manufacturing supporting a hypothesis of capital using and labour saving technological progress. Since then capital productivity became positive across all major subindustries in manufacturing. This led to the up-tum in TFP growth. Four hypothesis are proposed in the paper to explain the shift in the development of capital productivity growth. In the last section a number of cross-section regressions for the 35 industries for the whole period as well as a number of subperiods are calculated. As the results show Verdooms Law seems to be valid for all periods considered. Therefore high growth industries are - with respect to gross value added - leading industries in high TFP growth as well
    Keywords: D24 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wettbewerbspolitik ; Industrieökonomik ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The paper presents results for the development of total factor productivity (TFP) growth for 35 industries. It analyses the medium-term and long-term trends in these industries during the last two decades. The method used for the calculation was first proposed by Huiten (J986). It takes into account capacity utilization effects for the capital stock. Comparing the average TFP growth rates for manufacturing before, during, and after the two oil price shocks one observes that there is a steady acceleration from a fairly low 1.4per cent rate during 1970-74 to 2 per cent during 1984-89. Contrary labour productivity, measured by annual working hours, declined. Therefore the increase in TFP growth rates has to be attributed to a marked shift in capital productivity. During the early 70ies capital productivity growth rates were negative in manufacturing supporting a hypothesis of capital using and labour saving technological progress. Since then capital productivity became positive across all major subindustries in manufacturing. This led to the up-turn in TFP growth. Four hypothesis are proposed in the paper to explain the shift in the development of capital productivity growth. In the last section a number of cross-section regressions for the 35 industries for the whole period as well as a number of subperiods are calculated. As the results show Verdoorns Law seems to be valid for all periods considered Therefore high growth industries are - with respect to gross value added - leading industries in high TFP growth as well.
    Keywords: D24 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Kyklos 33 (1980), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1467-6435
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Sociology , Economics
    Notes: Interindustrial wage differences in West Germany are explained by trade unions’ pressure (unionism, strike intensity), sellers’ market power (concentration, profits, vertical integration, cartels, and international trade), and fluctuations among labour force. The inverse relationship between concentration and wages can, theoretically, be traced back to monopoly and it is suggested that concentration should primarily be considered as an indicator of monopoly power. Vertical integration of successive stages of production within a single firm appears to entail efficiency gains on balance whereas in the case of cartels of the kind permitted in West Germany, monopolizing and efficiency raising effects appear to just cancel.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1574-6941
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Non-heterocystous, mostly filamentous cyanobacteria were isolated from the crust of stones, from the periphyton of two macrophytes from the littoral zone and from the pelagic environment of Lake Constance. All isolates were cultivated as unialgal strains. DNA analysis by restriction fragment length polymorphism with the psbA gene probe revealed high genetic diversity among the strains from the littoral zone. For all genotypes, the occurrence of the nifH gene encoding a nitrogenase subunit and of genes encoding subunits of phycoerythrin and phycocyanin were tested by Southern blot hybridization. In addition, the isolates were investigated for their ability for complementary chromatic adaptation (CCA) and for anaerobic N2-fixation. With respect to these characteristics, all cyanobacteria included in this study were assigned to four different types: (1) strains without the capability to fix N2 or to perform CCA of the group III type (CCA III); (2) strains which show both features; (3) strains with the ability to fix nitrogen, but that do not show any CCA III; and (4) strains that produce phycoerythrin, but without the capacity for CCA III or N2-fixation. By examining the frequency distribution of isolates, these types were shown to prefer different habitats. While cyanobacterial strains capable of N2-fixation, but without CCA III, were mainly obtained from stone crusts in the supralittoral zone, those with the potential for N2-fixation as well as for CCA III were largely isolated from submersed macrophytes. Cyanobacteria that produce phycoerythrin, but do not perform CCA III or N2-fixation, were found in the pelagic zone only.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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