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  • Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics  (2)
  • Bern: University of Bern, Department of Economics  (1)
  • 1
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Publication Date: 2019-04-27
    Description: Models of political budget cycles assume that politicians use fiscal policy to increase their chances of re-election. However, empirical results for advanced economies provide ambiguous support for the existence of such electoral cycles. Also, studies focusing on the regional or local level of advanced economies have found a variety of different results. In this paper, we use data at the sub-federal level of Switzerland from 1978 through 2015 to test for the presence of political budget cycles. Swiss regions called cantons are highly autonomous with regard to budgetary policy and have established direct democratic systems with frequent referendums that often affect budgetary issues. In most cantons, there are fiscal policy rules that restrict the budgetary leeway of governments. Overall, the system of government is designed to foster consensus seeking and gradual adjustment. These features should make the short-run opportunistic or partisan use of fiscal policy less likely in Swiss cantons. Rather surprisingly, however, we find at least some evidence for an electoral cycle in government spending. For government revenue or the overall budget, our empirical results do not point to an electoral cycle.
    Keywords: D72 ; E62 ; H62 ; ddc:330 ; Political budget cycle ; fiscal policy ; direct democracy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Bern: University of Bern, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2019-10-25
    Description: We analyze the effects of intangible investment on international output synchronization. Using a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, we find that an increase in the importance of intangible capital leads to a higher degree of output comovement across countries. Therefore, countries in which intangible capital is more important are better suited to economic integration, such as forming a monetary union. This offers an insightful perspective on the potential relation between the considerable differences in intangible capital among Eurozone members and the discussion surrounding the Eurozone as a sub-optimal currency area. A high stock of intangible capital also tends to attract foreign equity investments, in particular foreign direct investments. We find that cross-border equity holdings in tangible and intangible capital further increase the degree of output synchronization. Our results imply that policy reforms to incentivize higher intangible capital formation and cross-border equity investments may not only foster economic growth but also improve the functioning of the monetary policy in the Eurozone.
    Keywords: E22 ; E32 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; International Business Cycles ; Investment ; Cross-country Correlations ; Intangible Capital
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Kiel, Hamburg: ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Publication Date: 2020-01-15
    Description: In den vergangenen Jahrzehnten ist in vielen entwickelten Volkswirtschaften der Anteil des nationalen Einkommens, der auf den Faktor Arbeit entfällt, zurückgegangen. Gleichzeitig wird heutzutage ein grösserer Anteil der Kapitaleinkommen von den Unternehmen als einbehaltene Gewinne in den Unternehmen belassen. Stehen diese höheren Firmenersparnisse im Zusammenhang mit dem Rückgang des Arbeitsanteils am Einkommen oder sind sie auf andere Faktoren zurückzuführen? Dieses Papier untersucht empirisch mittels Panelregressionen mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren für den Anstieg der Firmenersparnisse. Der analysierte Datensatz umfasst 46 Länder zwischen 1980 und 2016. Die Resultate unserer Analysen deuten darauf hin, dass der Anstieg der Firmenersparnisse in einem Zusammenhang steht mit einen niedrigeren Arbeitsanteil.
    Keywords: E22 ; E25 ; F21 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; Arbeitsanteil ; Firmenersparnisse
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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