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  • Elsevier  (3)
  • Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB)  (1)
  • Springer Science + Business Media  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-11-26
    Description: Der Beitrag fasst zentrale Ergebnisse eines von der Fritz Thyssen Stiftung finanzierten Pilotprojekts über die Auszeichnung sozialwissenschaftlicher deutschsprachiger Zeitschriftenartikel mit dem Fritz Thyssen Preis im Zeitraum 1981 bis 2006 zusammen. Vorrangig geht es um die Klärung von vier Grundfragen: (1) Welches sind die Merkmale prämierter Aufsätze und welche Merkmalverschiebungen ergeben sich im Zeitraum der letzten 25 Jahre? (2) Inwieweit korreliert das Distinktionsmerkmal "Thyssen-Preis" mit anderen Merkmalen der Distinktion von Autoren, die in der Evaluationsforschung Verwendung finden? (3) In welchem Maße konzentriert sich preisgekrönte Forschung auf einige wenige Standorte? (4) Welche Zeitschriften und welche Formen der Sozialwissenschaft schneiden besonders gut ab? Die Analyse konzentriert sich damit auf vier Ebenen, nämlich die Autoren und ihre institutionellen Standorte, die inhaltliche Ausrichtung der prämierten Artikel sowie die Ebene der am Wettbewerb teilnehmenden Zeitschriften. Zu den zentralen Ergebnissen zählt, dass verschiedene Distinktionsmerkmale in den Sozialwissenschaften nur sehr schwach korreliert sind und dass auch preisgekrönte deutsche Sozialforschung international nur schwach sichtbar ist.
    Description: Based on a research project financed by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, this report analyzes the characteristics of German social science publications which were awarded the Fritz Thyssen Prize in the period 1981-2006. This prize is annually awarded to the best social science articles published in German language social science journals. Four questions are dealt with: (1) How did the characteristics of the articles which were awarded the prize change over time? (2) To what extent is the receipt of the award correlated with other criteria of distinction which are used for evaluation purposes? (3) To what extent is research leading to the prize concentrated in a few outstanding research institutes? (4) Which journals and which types of social science are most successful? The analysis thus focuses on four levels, i.e. the level of the authors, of the institutes they are affiliated with, the levels of the articles and their content, and the level of the journals participating in the contest. Two key findings are that different criteria of success in social science evaluations are only weakly correlated and that German speaking social science publications have a low level of international visibility even if awarded with a prestigious prize.
    Keywords: ddc:300
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-08-12
    Description: Mantle convection is a fundamental planetary process. Its plate mode is established and expressed by plate tectonics. Its plume mode also is established and expressed by interregional geological patterns. We developed both an event-based stratigraphic framework to illustrate the surface effects predicted by the plume model of Griffiths et al. (1989) and Griffiths and Campbell (1990) and a methodology to analyze continent-scale geological maps based on unconformities and hiatuses. The surface expression of ascending plumes lasts for tens-of-millions-of-years and rates vary over a few million years. As the plume ascends, its surface expression narrows, but increases in amplitude, leaving distinct geological and stratigraphic patterns in the geologic record, not only above the plume-head center, but also above its margins and in distal regions a few thousands-of-kilometers from the center. To visualize these patterns, we constructed sequential geological maps, chronostratigraphic sections, and hiatus diagrams. Dome-uplift with erosion (Şengör, 2001) and the flood basalts (Duncan and Richards, 1991; Ernst and Buchan, 2001a) are diagnostic starting points for plume-stratigraphic analyses. Mechanical collapse of the dome results in narrow rifting (Burke and Dewey, 1973), drainage-network reorganization (Cox, 1989), and flood-basalt eruption. In the marginal region, patterns of vertical movement, deformation and surface response are transient and complex. At first, the plume margin is uplifted together with the central region, but then it subsides as the plume ascents farther; With plume-head flattening, the plume margin experiences renewed outward-migrating surface uplift, erosion, broad crustal faulting, and drainage reorganization. Knickpoint migration occurs first inward-directed at ½ the rate of plume ascent and later outward-directed at the rate of asthenospheric flow. Interregional-scale unconformity-bounded stratigraphic successions document the two inversions. The distal regions, which did not experience any plume-related uplift, yield complete sedimentary records of the event; Event-related time gaps (hiatuses) in the sedimentary record increase towards the center, but the event horizon is best preserved in the distal region; it may be recognized by tracing its contacts from the center outwards. We extracted system- and series-hiatuses from interregional geological maps and built hiatus maps as proxies for paleo-dynamic topography and as a basis for comparison with results from numerical models. Interregional-scale geological maps are well suited to visualize plume-related geological records of dynamic topography in continental regions. However, geological records and hiatus information at the resolution of stages will be needed at interregional scales. The plume-stratigraphic framework is event-based, interregional, but not global, with time-dependent amplitudes that are significantly larger than those of global eustatic sea-level fluctuations. Global stratigraphic syntheses require integration of plate- and plume-stratigraphic frameworks before eustatic contributions may be assessed.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2012-01-01
    Description: Dealing with the threat of anthropogenic climate change has been a challenge for policy makers for a long time. In recent years, the problems posed by climate change and solutions proposed to mitigate its effects have been framed by lexical ‘carbon compounds’, such as carbon footprint or carbon trading and by one dominant metaphor, the market metaphor. Through a detailed content analysis of industry and press coverage from 1985 to the present, this paper examines the fate of one important lexical compound in this context, namely low carbon , which can be used as an adjective or a noun. Over the last two decades this lexical compound moved across and between three discourses, the steel industry, the car industry and what one might call the climate change industry. Using insights from ecolinguistics and the sociology of expectations, the paper discusses how the lexical compound low carbon in general and the metaphor low carbon future in particular came to prominence in policy discourses, especially in the UK, and how they were used to frame expectations of a prosperous low carbon future , while sidelining deeper social and cultural reflections on climate change mitigation. ©2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    Print ISSN: 0165-0009
    Electronic ISSN: 1573-1480
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-09-01
    Print ISSN: 0040-1951
    Electronic ISSN: 1879-3266
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Published by Elsevier
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