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  • Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)  (4)
  • 2010-2014  (4)
  • 1
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    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: In this study, we explore how general socio-economic trends within the European Union are reflected in the development of different types of regions during the period from 1995 to 2009 and how economic disparities between EU regions change in the course of these processes. Overall, there is a decrease of regional inequalities in terms of per-capita income, but this is mainly the result of catching up of the Middle and Eastern European countries. Disparities within the EU15 and the EU 12 have remained constant. Moreover, all of the socio-economic tendencies considered in this study in their spatial dimension the shift towards services, the shift towards technology and knowledge-intensive activities, the rise in labour market participation and the renewed tendency towards urbanisation point at a persistent or even increasing spatial concentration of economic activities. Thus, we observe two overlapping and opposing trends: convergence and agglomeration. Finally, the regions of the new member states have been gradually catching up in terms of income and productivity since 2000, but the wide gap between the EU12 and the EU15 regarding technology, knowledgeintensity and innovation is hardly narrowing. It might take very long for the EU12 countries to approach the development level of the old member states.
    Description: This publication was produced as part of the NEUJOBS project, funded by the European Commission through the 7th Framework Programme under contract no. 266833 (http://www.neujobs).
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regionalentwicklung ; Regionale Wirtschaftskraft ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-06-22
    Description: In this paper, we analyze the technical efficiency of CO2 reduction potentials of German power and heat plants, using a non-parametric sequential Data Envelopment Analysis. We apply a metafrontier framework to evaluate plant-level efficiencies in the transformation of inputs into desirable (energy) and undesirable (CO2 emissions) outputs, taking into account different fossil fuel generation technologies. We dispose of a unique data set for coal-, lignite-, gas- and biomass-fired power plants from 2003 through 2010 that provides an unbalanced panel of 1459 observations. We find intra-group differences within energy generation technology, but natural gas fired power plants clearly have the highest efficiency. Furthermore, the analysis points to significant savings potentials for CO2 and fuel-input.
    Keywords: L94 ; Q50 ; C14 ; ddc:330 ; Electricity Generation ; Non-parametric Efficiency Analysis ; Germany ; Panel 2003-1010
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: [Einleitung] Seit Anfang 2009 unterliegt die leitungsgebundene Energieversorgung in Deutschland der Anreizregulierung, durch die ein effizienter Betrieb von Strom- und Gasnetzen sichergestellt werden soll. Unklar ist allerdings, inwieweit die Anreizregulierung auch die richtigen Rahmenbedingungen für Investitionen in Ersatz und Ausbau der Netze setzt. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird in dem vorliegenden Bericht das Investitionsverhalten der Netzbetreiber untersucht. Zentrale Fragestellungen dieser Untersuchung sind: - Lassen sich relevante Einflussfaktoren auf das Investitionsverhalten der Netzbetreiber identifizieren? - Welche Rolle spielt dabei die Unterscheidung nach Art des Netzbetreibers (Verteilnetzbetreiber versus Übertragungs- und Fernleitungsnetzbetreiber, beziehungsweise Strom versus Gas)? - Hat die Einführung der Anreizregulierung ab 2009 einen nachweisbaren Einfluss auf das Investitionsverhalten? Davon unabhängig ist die Frage, ob die Netzbetreiber vor und nach Einführung der Anreizregulierung in ausreichendem Umfang investieren. Dies ist nicht Gegenstand der vorliegenden Untersuchung. Die Untersuchung basiert auf Daten und Informationen zum Investitionsverhalten der Unternehmen, die für eine repräsentative Stichprobe der Netzbetreiber in Deutschland erhoben wurden.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2017-02-22
    Description: On behalf of the Deutsche Telekom Stiftung (Deutsche Telekom Foundation) and the Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrien (Federation of German Industries) DIW Berlin has investigated Germany's innovative capacity for the fifth time in an international comparison. The survey evaluates the ability of countries to create and transform knowledge into marketable products and services (i.e., innovations) using a system of indicators that provides an overall composite indicator of innovative capacity as well as a detailed profile of strengths and weaknesses. Of the seventeen leading industrial nations investigated under the survey Germany only ranked 9th thus remaining in the broad middle range. Relative to its most important competitors Germany looses ground. The US, followed by Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark, headed up the list. Germany is particularly successful in its ability to network key participants in the innovation process as well as in international markets of high-technology sectors like mechanical engineering, chemical industry, vehicle manufacturing and medical instruments. Deficiencies in Germany's education and in the financing conditions for innovation and the founding of new companies, plus the regulation of product markets remain the country's greatest innovation system weaknesses.
    Keywords: O30 ; O38 ; O57 ; ddc:330 ; Innovation system ; Composite indicator ; Industrialized countries
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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