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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2017-12-22
    Description: Eleven hours after the detection of gravitational wave source GW170817 by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory and Virgo Interferometers, an associated optical transient, SSS17a, was identified in the galaxy NGC 4993. Although the gravitational wave data indicate that GW170817 is consistent with the merger of two compact objects, the electromagnetic observations provide independent constraints on the nature of that system. We synthesize the optical to near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of SSS17a collected by the One-Meter Two-Hemisphere collaboration, finding that SSS17a is unlike other known transients. The source is best described by theoretical models of a kilonova consisting of radioactive elements produced by rapid neutron capture (the r-process). We conclude that SSS17a was the result of a binary neutron star merger, reinforcing the gravitational wave result.
    Keywords: Astronomy, Physics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2017-12-22
    Description: On 17 August 2017, Swope Supernova Survey 2017a (SSS17a) was discovered as the optical counterpart of the binary neutron star gravitational wave event GW170817. We report time-series spectroscopy of SSS17a from 11.75 hours until 8.5 days after the merger. Over the first hour of observations, the ejecta rapidly expanded and cooled. Applying blackbody fits to the spectra, we measured the photosphere cooling from 11,000–900+3400 to 9300–300+300 kelvin, and determined a photospheric velocity of roughly 30% of the speed of light. The spectra of SSS17a began displaying broad features after 1.46 days and evolved qualitatively over each subsequent day, with distinct blue (early-time) and red (late-time) components. The late-time component is consistent with theoretical models of r-process–enriched neutron star ejecta, whereas the blue component requires high-velocity, lanthanide-free material.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2017-12-22
    Description: On 17 August 2017, gravitational waves (GWs) were detected from a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, along with a coincident short gamma-ray burst, GRB 170817A. An optical transient source, Swope Supernova Survey 17a (SSS17a), was subsequently identified as the counterpart of this event. We present ultraviolet, optical, and infrared light curves of SSS17a extending from 10.9 hours to 18 days postmerger. We constrain the radioactively powered transient resulting from the ejection of neutron-rich material. The fast rise of the light curves, subsequent decay, and rapid color evolution are consistent with multiple ejecta components of differing lanthanide abundance. The late-time light curve indicates that SSS17a produced at least ~0.05 solar masses of heavy elements, demonstrating that neutron star mergers play a role in rapid neutron capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis in the universe.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2007-11-10
    Description: Using data collected at the Pierre Auger Observatory during the past 3.7 years, we demonstrated a correlation between the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above 6 x 10(19) electron volts and the positions of active galactic nuclei (AGN) lying within approximately 75 megaparsecs. We rejected the hypothesis of an isotropic distribution of these cosmic rays with at least a 99% confidence level from a prescribed a priori test. The correlation we observed is compatible with the hypothesis that the highest-energy particles originate from nearby extragalactic sources whose flux has not been substantially reduced by interaction with the cosmic background radiation. AGN or objects having a similar spatial distribution are possible sources.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pierre Auger Collaboration -- Abraham, J -- Abreu, P -- Aglietta, M -- Aguirre, C -- Allard, D -- Allekotte, I -- Allen, J -- Allison, P -- Alvarez, C -- Alvarez-Muniz, J -- Ambrosio, M -- Anchordoqui, L -- Andringa, S -- Anzalone, A -- Aramo, C -- Argiro, S -- Arisaka, K -- Armengaud, E -- Arneodo, F -- Arqueros, F -- Asch, T -- Asorey, H -- Assis, P -- Atulugama, B S -- Aublin, J -- Ave, M -- Avila, G -- Backer, T -- Badagnani, D -- Barbosa, A F -- Barnhill, D -- Barroso, S L C -- Bauleo, P -- Beatty, J -- Beau, T -- Becker, B R -- Becker, K H -- Bellido, J A -- Benzvi, S -- Berat, C -- Bergmann, T -- Bernardini, P -- Bertou, X -- Biermann, P L -- Billoir, P -- Blanch-Bigas, O -- Blanco, F -- Blasi, P -- Bleve, C -- Blumer, H -- Bohacova, M -- Bonifazi, C -- Bonino, R -- Boratav, M -- Brack, J -- Brogueira, P -- Brown, W C -- Buchholz, P -- Bueno, A -- Busca, N G -- Caballero-Mora, K S -- Cai, B -- Camin, D V -- Caruso, R -- Carvalho, W -- Castellina, A -- Catalano, O -- Cataldi, G -- Cazon-Boado, L -- Cester, R -- Chauvin, J -- Chiavassa, A -- Chinellato, J A -- Chou, A -- Chye, J -- Clark, P D J -- Clay, R W -- Colombo, E -- Conceicao, R -- Connolly, B -- Contreras, F -- Coppens, J -- Cordier, A -- Cotti, U -- Coutu, S -- Covault, C E -- Creusot, A -- Cronin, J -- Dagoret-Campagne, S -- Daumiller, K -- Dawson, B R -- de Almeida, R M -- De Donato, C -- de Jong, S J -- De La Vega, G -- de Mello Junior, W J M -- de Mello Neto, J R T -- De Mitri, I -- de Souza, V -- Del Peral, L -- Deligny, O -- Selva, A Della -- Fratte, C Delle -- Dembinski, H -- Di Giulio, C -- Diaz, J C -- Dobrigkeit, C -- D'Olivo, J C -- Dornic, D -- Dorofeev, A -- Dos Anjos, J C -- Dova, M T -- D'Urso, D -- Duvernois, M A -- Engel, R -- Epele, L -- Erdmann, M -- Escobar, C O -- Etchegoyen, A -- Facal San Luis, P -- Falcke, H -- Farrar, G -- Fauth, A C -- Fazzini, N -- Fernandez, A -- Ferrer, F -- Ferry, S -- Fick, B -- Filevich, A -- Filipcic, A -- Fleck, I -- Fonte, R -- Fracchiolla, C E -- Fulgione, W -- Garcia, B -- Garcia Gamez, D -- Garcia-Pinto, D -- Garrido, X -- Geenen, H -- Gelmini, G -- Gemmeke, H -- Ghia, P L -- Giller, M -- Glass, H -- Gold, M S -- Golup, G -- Albarracin, F Gomez -- Berisso, M Gomez -- Herrero, R Gomez -- Goncalves, P -- Goncalves do Amaral, M -- Gonzalez, D -- Gonzalez, J G -- Gonzalez, M -- Gora, D -- Gorgi, A -- Gouffon, P -- Grassi, V -- Grillo, A -- Grunfeld, C -- Guardincerri, Y -- Guarino, F -- Guedes, G P -- Gutierrez, J -- Hague, J D -- Hamilton, J C -- Hansen, P -- Harari, D -- Harmsma, S -- Harton, J L -- Haungs, A -- Hauschildt, T -- Healy, M D -- Hebbeker, T -- Heck, D -- Hojvat, C -- Holmes, V C -- Homola, P -- Horandel, J -- Horneffer, A -- Horvat, M -- Hrabovsky, M -- Huege, T -- Iarlori, M -- Insolia, A -- Ionita, F -- Italiano, A -- Kaducak, M -- Kampert, K H -- Keilhauer, B -- Kemp, E -- Kieckhafer, R M -- Klages, H O -- Kleifges, M -- Kleinfeller, J -- Knapik, R -- Knapp, J -- Koang, D-H -- Kopmann, A -- Krieger, A -- Kromer, O -- Kumpel, D -- Kunka, N -- Kusenko, A -- La Rosa, G -- Lachaud, C -- Lago, B L -- Lebrun, D -- Lebrun, P -- Lee, J -- Leigui de Oliveira, M A -- Letessier-Selvon, A -- Leuthold, M -- Lhenry-Yvon, I -- Lopez, R -- Lopez Aguera, A -- Lozano Bahilo, J -- Maccarone, M C -- Macolino, C -- Maldera, S -- Malek, M -- Mancarella, G -- Mancenido, M E -- Mandat, D -- Mantsch, P -- Mariazzi, A G -- Maris, I C -- Martello, D -- Martinez, J -- Martinez Bravo, O -- Mathes, H J -- Matthews, J -- Matthews, J A J -- Matthiae, G -- Maurizio, D -- Mazur, P O -- McCauley, T -- McEwen, M -- McNeil, R R -- Medina, M C -- Medina-Tanco, G -- Meli, A -- Melo, D -- Menichetti, E -- Menschikov, A -- Meurer, Chr -- Meyhandan, R -- Micheletti, M I -- Miele, G -- Miller, W -- Mollerach, S -- Monasor, M -- Monnier Ragaigne, D -- Montanet, F -- Morales, B -- Morello, C -- Moreno, E -- Moreno, J C -- Morris, C -- Mostafa, M -- Muller, M A -- Mussa, R -- Navarra, G -- Navarro, J L -- Navas, S -- Nellen, L -- Newman-Holmes, C -- Newton, D -- Thi, T Nguyen -- Nierstenhofer, N -- Nitz, D -- Nosek, D -- Nozka, L -- Oehlschlager, J -- Ohnuki, T -- Olinto, A -- Olmos-Gilbaja, V M -- Ortiz, M -- Ostapchenko, S -- Otero, L -- Pakk Selmi-Dei, D -- Palatka, M -- Pallotta, J -- Parente, G -- Parizot, E -- Parlati, S -- Pastor, S -- Patel, M -- Paul, T -- Pavlidou, V -- Payet, K -- Pech, M -- Pekala, J -- Pelayo, R -- Pepe, I M -- Perrone, L -- Petrera, S -- Petrinca, P -- Petrov, Y -- Ngoc, Dieppham -- Ngoc, Dongpham -- Pham Thi, T N -- Pichel, A -- Piegaia, R -- Pierog, T -- Pimenta, M -- Pinto, T -- Pirronello, V -- Pisanti, O -- Platino, M -- Pochon, J -- Porter, T A -- Privitera, P -- Prouza, M -- Quel, E J -- Rautenberg, J -- Reucroft, S -- Revenu, B -- Rezende, F A S -- Ridky, J -- Riggi, S -- Risse, M -- Riviere, C -- Rizi, V -- Roberts, M -- Robledo, C -- Rodriguez, G -- Rodriguez Frias, D -- Rodriguez Martino, J -- Rodriguez Rojo, J -- Rodriguez-Cabo, I -- Ros, G -- Rosado, J -- Roth, M -- Rouille-d'Orfeuil, B -- Roulet, E -- Rovero, A C -- Salamida, F -- Salazar, H -- Salina, G -- Sanchez, F -- Santander, M -- Santo, C E -- Santos, E M -- Sarazin, F -- Sarkar, S -- Sato, R -- Scherini, V -- Schieler, H -- Schmidt, F -- Schmidt, T -- Scholten, O -- Schovanek, P -- Schussler, F -- Sciutto, S J -- Scuderi, M -- Segreto, A -- Semikoz, D -- Settimo, M -- Shellard, R C -- Sidelnik, I -- Siffert, B B -- Sigl, G -- De Grande, N Smetniansky -- Smialkowski, A -- Smida, R -- Smith, A G K -- Smith, B E -- Snow, G R -- Sokolsky, P -- Sommers, P -- Sorokin, J -- Spinka, H -- Squartini, R -- Strazzeri, E -- Stutz, A -- Suarez, F -- Suomijarvi, T -- Supanitsky, A D -- Sutherland, M S -- Swain, J -- Szadkowski, Z -- Takahashi, J -- Tamashiro, A -- Tamburro, A -- Tascau, O -- Tcaciuc, R -- Thomas, D -- Ticona, R -- Tiffenberg, J -- Timmermans, C -- Tkaczyk, W -- Todero Peixoto, C J -- Tome, B -- Tonachini, A -- Torresi, D -- Travnicek, P -- Tripathi, A -- Tristram, G -- Tscherniakhovski, D -- Tueros, M -- Tunnicliffe, V -- Ulrich, R -- Unger, M -- Urban, M -- Valdes Galicia, J F -- Valino, I -- Valore, L -- van den Berg, A M -- van Elewyck, V -- Vazquez, R A -- Veberic, D -- Veiga, A -- Velarde, A -- Venters, T -- Verzi, V -- Videla, M -- Villasenor, L -- Vorobiov, S -- Voyvodic, L -- Wahlberg, H -- Wainberg, O -- Waldenmaier, T -- Walker, P -- Warner, D -- Watson, A A -- Westerhoff, S -- Wieczorek, G -- Wiencke, L -- Wilczynska, B -- Wilczynski, H -- Wileman, C -- Winnick, M G -- Wu, H -- Wundheiler, B -- Xu, J -- Yamamoto, T -- Younk, P -- Zas, E -- Zavrtanik, D -- Zavrtanik, M -- Zech, A -- Zepeda, A -- Ziolkowski, M -- Kegl, B -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2007 Nov 9;318(5852):938-43.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17991855" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-07-28
    Description: Kreft and Jetz's critique of our recent update of Wallace's zoogeographical regions disregards the extensive sensitivity analyses we undertook, which demonstrate the robustness of our results to the choice of phylogenetic data and clustering algorithm. Their suggested distinction between "transition zones" and biogeographic regions is worthy of further investigation but is thus far unsubstantiated.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Holt, Ben G -- Lessard, Jean-Philippe -- Borregaard, Michael K -- Fritz, Susanne A -- Araujo, Miguel B -- Dimitrov, Dimitar -- Fabre, Pierre-Henri -- Graham, Catherine H -- Graves, Gary R -- Jonsson, Knud A -- Nogues-Bravo, David -- Wang, Zhiheng -- Whittaker, Robert J -- Fjeldsa, Jon -- Rahbek, Carsten -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Jul 26;341(6144):343. doi: 10.1126/science.1237541.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Macroecology, Evolution, and Climate, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23888024" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Climate ; *Phylogeny
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
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    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2012-12-22
    Description: Modern attempts to produce biogeographic maps focus on the distribution of species, and the maps are typically drawn without phylogenetic considerations. Here, we generate a global map of zoogeographic regions by combining data on the distributions and phylogenetic relationships of 21,037 species of amphibians, birds, and mammals. We identify 20 distinct zoogeographic regions, which are grouped into 11 larger realms. We document the lack of support for several regions previously defined based on distributional data and show that spatial turnover in the phylogenetic composition of vertebrate assemblages is higher in the Southern than in the Northern Hemisphere. We further show that the integration of phylogenetic information provides valuable insight on historical relationships among regions, permitting the identification of evolutionarily unique regions of the world.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Holt, Ben G -- Lessard, Jean-Philippe -- Borregaard, Michael K -- Fritz, Susanne A -- Araujo, Miguel B -- Dimitrov, Dimitar -- Fabre, Pierre-Henri -- Graham, Catherine H -- Graves, Gary R -- Jonsson, Knud A -- Nogues-Bravo, David -- Wang, Zhiheng -- Whittaker, Robert J -- Fjeldsa, Jon -- Rahbek, Carsten -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Jan 4;339(6115):74-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1228282. Epub 2012 Dec 20.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Macroecology, Evolution, and Climate, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23258408" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amphibians/classification ; Animals ; Birds/classification ; *Climate ; Mammals/classification ; *Phylogeny ; Phylogeography
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  • 7
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 2008-05-03
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bravo-Abad, Jorge -- Soljacic, Marin -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2008 May 2;320(5876):623-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1157494.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Physics and Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. jbravo@mit.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18451291" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-10-31
    Description: Antitumor immunity driven by intratumoral dendritic cells contributes to the efficacy of anthracycline-based chemotherapy in cancer. We identified a loss-of-function allele of the gene coding for formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) that was associated with poor metastasis-free and overall survival in breast and colorectal cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. The therapeutic effects of anthracyclines were abrogated in tumor-bearing Fpr1(-/-) mice due to impaired antitumor immunity. Fpr1-deficient dendritic cells failed to approach dying cancer cells and, as a result, could not elicit antitumor T cell immunity. Experiments performed in a microfluidic device confirmed that FPR1 and its ligand, annexin-1, promoted stable interactions between dying cancer cells and human or murine leukocytes. Altogether, these results highlight the importance of FPR1 in chemotherapy-induced anticancer immune responses.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vacchelli, Erika -- Ma, Yuting -- Baracco, Elisa E -- Sistigu, Antonella -- Enot, David P -- Pietrocola, Federico -- Yang, Heng -- Adjemian, Sandy -- Chaba, Kariman -- Semeraro, Michaela -- Signore, Michele -- De Ninno, Adele -- Lucarini, Valeria -- Peschiaroli, Francesca -- Businaro, Luca -- Gerardino, Annamaria -- Manic, Gwenola -- Ulas, Thomas -- Gunther, Patrick -- Schultze, Joachim L -- Kepp, Oliver -- Stoll, Gautier -- Lefebvre, Celine -- Mulot, Claire -- Castoldi, Francesca -- Rusakiewicz, Sylvie -- Ladoire, Sylvain -- Apetoh, Lionel -- Bravo-San Pedro, Jose Manuel -- Lucattelli, Monica -- Delarasse, Cecile -- Boige, Valerie -- Ducreux, Michel -- Delaloge, Suzette -- Borg, Christophe -- Andre, Fabrice -- Schiavoni, Giovanna -- Vitale, Ilio -- Laurent-Puig, Pierre -- Mattei, Fabrizio -- Zitvogel, Laurence -- Kroemer, Guido -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Nov 20;350(6263):972-8. doi: 10.1126/science.aad0779. Epub 2015 Oct 29.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Universite Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Universite Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. Suzhou Institute of Systems Medicine, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China. Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Faculte de Medecine, Universite Paris-Saclay, Kremlin-Bicetre, France. ; Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Metabolomics and Cell Biology Platforms, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Universite Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1015, Villejuif, France. Center of Clinical Investigations in Biotherapies of Cancer (CICBT) 507, Villejuif, France. ; Department of Hematology, Oncology, and Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy. ; Italian National Research Council, Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnology, Rome, Italy. ; Genomics and Immunoregulation, Life and Medical Science Center Institute, University of Bonn, Germany. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U981, Villejuif, France. ; Universite Paris Sorbonne Cite, UMRS 775, INSERM, Paris, France. INSERM U1147, Centre de Ressources Biologiques (CRB) EPIGENETIC, Paris, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Faculte de Medecine, Universite Paris-Saclay, Kremlin-Bicetre, France. Sotio, Prague, Czech Republic. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Georges-Francois Leclerc, Dijon, France. Universite Bourgogne Franche-Comte, Dijon, France. Centre Georges Francois Leclerc, Dijon, France. ; Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. ; Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Epiniere, ICM CNRS UMR 7225 - INSERM U 1127 - UPMC-P6 UMR S 1127, Equipe Neurogenetique et Physiologie Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere, 47, Boulevard de l'Hopital, 75013 Paris, France. ; INSERM U1147, Centre de Ressources Biologiques (CRB) EPIGENETIC, Paris, France. Department of Medical Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif Cedex, France. ; Faculte de Medecine, Universite Paris-Saclay, Kremlin-Bicetre, France. Department of Medical Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif Cedex, France. ; INSERM, U981, Villejuif, France. Department of Breast Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. ; University of Franche-Comte, INSERM 1098, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U981, Villejuif, France. Department of Biology and Pathology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. Department of Medical Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. ; Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, Italy. ; Universite Paris Sorbonne Cite, UMRS 775, INSERM, Paris, France. INSERM U1147, Centre de Ressources Biologiques (CRB) EPIGENETIC, Paris, France. Pole de Biologie, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, Paris, France. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. Faculte de Medecine, Universite Paris-Saclay, Kremlin-Bicetre, France. INSERM, U1015, Villejuif, France. Center of Clinical Investigations in Biotherapies of Cancer (CICBT) 507, Villejuif, France. kroemer@orange.fr laurence.zitvogel@gustaveroussy.fr. ; Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. INSERM, U1138, Paris, France. Equipe 11 Labellisee par la Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France. Universite Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. Metabolomics and Cell Biology Platforms, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France. Pole de Biologie, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, Paris, France. Karolinska Institute, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden. kroemer@orange.fr laurence.zitvogel@gustaveroussy.fr.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26516201" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Animals ; Annexin A1/metabolism/pharmacology ; Anthracyclines/*therapeutic use ; Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy/immunology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant ; Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy/immunology ; Dendritic Cells/drug effects/immunology ; Female ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate/genetics ; Leukocytes/drug effects/immunology ; Mice ; Neoplasms/*drug therapy/*immunology ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Receptors, Formyl Peptide/genetics/*physiology ; T-Lymphocytes/immunology
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019
    Description: 〈p〉Mountains contribute disproportionately to the terrestrial biodiversity of Earth, especially in the tropics, where they host hotspots of extraordinary and puzzling richness. With about 25% of all land area, mountain regions are home to more than 85% of the world’s species of amphibians, birds, and mammals, many entirely restricted to mountains. Biodiversity varies markedly among these regions. Together with the extreme species richness of some tropical mountains, this variation has proven challenging to explain under traditional climatic hypotheses. However, the complex climatic characteristics of rugged mountain regions differ fundamentally from those of lowland regions, likely playing a key role in generating and maintaining diversity. With ongoing global changes in climate and land use, the role of mountains as refugia for biodiversity may well come under threat.〈/p〉
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019
    Description: 〈p〉Mountain regions are unusually biodiverse, with rich aggregations of small-ranged species that form centers of endemism. Mountains play an array of roles for Earth’s biodiversity and affect neighboring lowlands through biotic interchange, changes in regional climate, and nutrient runoff. The high biodiversity of certain mountains reflects the interplay of multiple evolutionary mechanisms: enhanced speciation rates with distinct opportunities for coexistence and persistence of lineages, shaped by long-term climatic changes interacting with topographically dynamic landscapes. High diversity in most tropical mountains is tightly linked to bedrock geology—notably, areas comprising mafic and ultramafic lithologies, rock types rich in magnesium and poor in phosphate that present special requirements for plant physiology. Mountain biodiversity bears the signature of deep-time evolutionary and ecological processes, a history well worth preserving.〈/p〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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