Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The complex dielectric constant of aqueous hemoglobin solution was measured at 9.5 GHz. A microwave technique allowing phase and attenuation settings with an accuracy of 0.3° and 0.03 db was used. The shift of the relaxation wavelength and the hydration values of horse hemoglobin were determined for native and lyophilized hemoglobin solution and erythrocytes suspensions as well. The isotope effect of light and heavy water on these parameters was detected. The influence of buffers was studied. Relative measurements, with the sensitivity increased by a factor of 20, were made with alternating oxygenated and deoxygenated human hemoglobin solutions. The oxygenation of hemoglobin was found to leave the hydrated molecule volume invariant within ±250 Å3, while a shift of the relaxation wavelength of 0.0025 ± 0.0015 cm occurs for a hemoglobin concentration of 107 g/l. The results are discussed in terms of the structure and function interrelationship of hemoglobin and the current picture of water structure.
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