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  • 1970-1974  (10)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Applied physics 3 (1974), S. 321-324 
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: Ion implantation ; Profiles ; Damage
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The important role of damage dependent electrical activation in the case of boron implanted silicon layers is whown by comparing measured acceptor concentration profiles in differently amorphized silicon layers. It is shown that the amorphous layer is completely recrystallized after a 650° C anneal for 10 min and the implanted boron is electrically active. In the heavily damaged but not amorphous region underneath the amorphous layer the implanted boron is hardly electrically active after this temperature treatment. At higher annealing temperatures the electrical activity increases, but 900° C are required for complete activation of the implanted boron. These results indicate that the process to activate the implanted boron electrically is strongly damage dependent. We thus found a new contribution to the understanding of the annealing behavior of implanted layers.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: Ion implantation ; Backscattering ; Profiles
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Measurements of doping concentration and mobility of arsenic implanted silicon at high energies and at low energies with following drive-in diffusion are presented. The electrical measurements are compared with and supported by backscattering measurements. Tails which are present after short time anneals vanish during drive-in diffusion. A temperature of at least 825°C is required to fully activate the arsenic and to obtain the same mobility as in diffused samples. Backscattering data reveal an anomaly in the annealing behavior of the damage. After prolonged annealing As shows some accumulation at the surface. For drive-in diffusions lattice location experiments were performed.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract A theory in the spirit of the Hartree-Fock (HF) model is formulated which takes into account general types of correlation effects. This theory, dubbed as Multi-Configuration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) model, makes use of a multideterminantal trial wave function. In the present work the intrinsic ground state wave functions obtained in this theory have been studied. Doubly evenN=Z andN=Z + 2 nuclei in thesd-shell have been treated and the results have been compared against the HF-predictions. While the HF-approximation is found to be quite good forN=Z nuclei, correlations are found to play a strikingly significant role in theN=Z +2 nuclei.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The intrinsic ground state wave functions obtained for doubly evens d-shell nuclei using the Multi-Configuration-Hartree-Fock (MCHF) model have been analysed in the first part of this paper series. Here we study the effect of the generalized correlations contained in the MCHF-solutions on the ground state rotational bands, by projecting out states of good angular momentum. The results show that those spectra are quite sensitive to correlations. For theN=Z+2 nuclei, where correlations have been found to be significant, major improvements compared to corresponding Hartree-Fock spectra are obtained. Different effective forces have been used to illustrate that our conclusions are force independent. In most cases, the calculated excitation energies as well as theB(E2) transition values are in rather good agreement at least with the gross properties of the experimental data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The one body matrix elements of the effective quadrupole operator in the 2p 3/2, 1f 5/2 2p 1/2 configurations have been calculated taking into account the renormalization effects due to excitations from the closed 1f 7/2 shell. First and second order perturbations of the residual interaction as well as an infinite series involving one particle-one hole core excitations are considered. The results are used to calculate quadrupole moments of odd mass nuclei together withBE 2 values between low-lying states. Agreements with experimental results, whereever known, are seen to be generally greatly improved.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Multi-Configuration-Hartree-Fock (MCHF) calculations with angular momentum projection before the variation of the internal degrees of freedom have been performed for the nuclei20Ne and22Ne. This procedure yields different correlated intrinsic states for the different members of a rotational band. Thus the angular momentum dependence of correlations has been studied. Experimentally, the ground state spectra of20Ne and22Ne show properties similar to the phase transitions observed in some rare earth nuclei which have been well reproduced through the present calculations. The calculated spectra andBE2-values show a significant improvement compared to the ones obtained by variation before the angular momentum projection is effected.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Excitation energies and electromagnetic properties of the low energy spectra of21Ne and25Mg have been calculated using the Multi-Configuration-Hartree-Fock (MCHF) model. BothT=0 andT=1 pairing correlations are found to be simultaneously important in those odd mass nuclei. Furthermore, though axial symmetry was requested, quite good agreement with the experimental data is reached.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Cellular and molecular life sciences 28 (1972), S. 24-25 
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Es gelang, die lineare Aminosäuresequenz von saurem α1-Glykoprotein (Orosomucoid), einem Globulin des menschlichen Plasmas, aufzuklären.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Beryllium dichloride, magnesium dihalide (hal = Cl, Br, J), boron trihalide (hal = F, Cl, Br) and aluminium trichloride are transformed by trimethylsilyl azide in methylen chloride and ether, respectively, to dimer beryllium chloride azide etherate, polymer beryllium diazide, polymer magnesium halide azide, trimer boron dihalide azide, monomer (in CH3Cl2) aluminium dichloride azide and polymer aluminium chloride diazide, respectively. Magnesium diazide and aluminium triazide are formed by azidation of magnesium diiodide and aluminium trichloride only in connection with magnesium iodide azide and aluminium chloride diazide, respectively. Unlike the covalent azides of beryllium, boron and (possibly) aluminium with α-azido brigdes, the azides of magnesium contain azide ions.
    Notes: Berylliumdichlorid, Magnesiumdihalogenid (Hal = Cl, Br, J), Bortrihalogenid (Hal = F, Cl, Br) bzw. Aluminiumtrichlorid lassen sich mit Trimethylsilylazid in Methylenchlorid bzw. Äther in dimeres Berylliumchloridazid-Ätherat, polymeres Berylliumdiazid, polymeres Magnesiumhalogenidazid, trimeres Bordihalogenidazid, monomeres (in CH2Cl2) Aluminiumdichloridazid bzw. polymeres Aluminiumchloriddiazid überführen. Magnesiumdiazid bzw. Aluminiumtriazid bilden sich durch Azidierung von Magnesiumdijodid bzw. Aluminiumtrichlorid nur im Gemisch mit Magnesiumjodidazid bzw. Aluminiumchloriddiazid. Zum Unterschied von den kovalent gebauten Aziden des Berylliums, Bors und (möglicherweise) Aluminiums mit α-Azidbrücken, enthalten die Azide des Magnesiums ionogen gebundenes Azid.
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0933-5137
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Description / Table of Contents: A simple Method for the Detection of soluble Auxiliary Agents containing Dimethylsilicone. Rapid detection of soluble dimethyl silicone compounds, occurring as residues of auxiliary agents or finishes on the surface of hardware, which in special cases may cause hazardous effects, can be achieved by a simple test. Since silicone compounds decrease the surface tension of trichloro-ethylene (TRI), shaking of such solutions produces foam. The stability of the foam depends on the silicone concentration from 10 μg silicone per ml TRI (detection limit) up to about 100 mg/ml TRI (saturation).
    Notes: Zum schnellen Nachweis löslicher Dimethylsilikonverbindungen, die auf Oberflächen von Bauteilen z. B. als Reste von Verarbeitungshilfsmitteln oder als Bestandteile von Lacken in bestimmten Fällen Ursache unerwünschter Effekte sein können, hat sich ein sog. „TRI-Schütteltest“ bewährt. Silikonverbindungen setzen die Oberflächenspannung von Trichloräthylen (TRI) herab, so daß beim Schütteln Schaum entsteht. Die Beständigkeit des Schaumes ist ein Maß für den Silikongehalt der Lösung zwischen 10 μg Silikon/ml TRI (Nachweisgrenze) und etwa 100 mg/ml TRI (Sättigung).
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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