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  • 1975-1979  (2)
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Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 20 (1976), S. 703-714 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Diffusion and solubility coefficient data of gases for styrene-grafted high-density polyethylene obtained by γ-irradiation are reported. Diffusion coefficients were determined by the time lag method. Solubility coefficients were determined by a new, more accurate static method. Densities and volume fractions of grafted polystyrene were calculated from the observed values of extent of grafting and density of the graft copolymer films. The solubility coefficients obey simple additivity in terms of volume fraction of side-chain polystyrene and amorphous polyethylene. However, behavior of the diffusion coefficients is more complex. Inasmuch as diffusion is a kinetic process, it is influenced by morphology. The experimental results reported here, together with x-ray diffraction and DSC data, provide a basis for discussing the morphology of the graft copolymers.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 21 (1977), S. 535-541 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Melting and glass transition data are reported employing DSC for styrene-grafted high-density polyethylene obtained by γ radiation. Judging from the data of the melting point and the heat of fusion, the grafted polystyrene had no effect on the polyethylene crystallites, but the half-width of the thermogram was observed to increase slightly, showing an effect on the crystallite size distribution. As no effect was observed on the glass transition temperature by grafting, the amorphous region of the polyethylene apparently was not affected. It is suggested, therefore, that the free volume or segmental mobility will not be decreased by radiation-induced grafting. Very few but long grafted chains had negligible effect on the average polyethylene chain length available for segmental motion, and grafted polystyrene should be expected to differ little from the styrene homopolymer in thermal motions.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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