ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • 1975-1979  (12)
Collection
Keywords
Years
Year
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Several absorption components detected in visible or UV lines have been identified with emission features in new high-resolution, high signal-to-noise 21 cm observations. Stars for which direct overlap is obtained are HD 28497, lambda Ori, mu Col, HD 50896, rho Leo, HD 93521, and HD 219881. With the use of the inferred H I column densities from 21 cm profiles, rather than the integrated column densities obtained from L-alpha, more reliable densities can be derived from the existence of molecular hydrogen. Hence the cloud thicknesses are better determined; and 21 cm emission maps near these stars can be used to obtain dimensions on the plane of the sky. It is now feasible to derive detailed geometries for isolated clumps of gas which produce visual absorption features.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 219
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Physical mechanisms for producing vibrationally excited molecular hydrogen, such as has recently been detected toward the Orion Nebula, are discussed. The most likely mechanisms are collisional excitation behind a shock moving into a molecular cloud and near-ultraviolet pumping in the H2 Lyman and Werner bands and subsequent cascade. The absolute intensities of the Orion lines require either a 10-km/s shock moving into a cloud with a density of 300,000 per cu cm or an incident near-UV flux 1 million times the mean interstellar value. The shock model is favored because it matches the observed relative line intensities and because the near-UV source, Theta-1 Ori C, may be too weak to provide the required flux. Intensities of other H2 lines in the shock model are predicted as a further observational discriminant.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 216
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Based on line-of-sight models and profile fitting, abundance variations of Ca, Si, Fe, and Na in high-velocity interstellar clouds toward Mu Columbae, HD 28497, and HD 50896 are discussed. The correlation of larger ratios N(Ca II)/N(Na I) with increasing radial velocity in clouds with absolute values of radial velocity from 20 to 100 km/s, is shown to quite likely be due to abundance variations in Ca rather than an ionization effect. Copernicus UV data show that the ratios N(Fe II)/N(S II) and N(Si II)/N(S II) have the same velocity correlation as Ca II, and the ambiguity concerning the relative abundance of Na I to hydrogen is removed. Theories of grain disruption are discussed as they relate to the observed Ca, Si, and Fe enhancements and their correlation with cloud velocity.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 211
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Models are presented of interstellar shocks in molecular clouds over ranges of ambient molecular density from 1000 to 10 million per cu cm and shock velocity from 6 to 14 km/s. Estimates of H2-H2 collisional-excitation rates are used to derive the H2 radiative cooling rates from vibrational-rotational quadrupole transitions as a function of n(H2) and temperature. The emissivities integrated through the shock of the strongest infrared lines in the v = 1-0, 2-0, and 2-1 bands of H2. The effectiveness of H2 dissociative cooling is considered for the highest-velocity shocks. The H2 line intensities from such shocks are compared with those produced by the 'competitive' mechanism of UV pumping for two likely driving mechanisms of shocks - wind-driven shells and expanding H II regions.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 220
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Recent Copernicus observations of high-velocity interstellar Si III have been interpreted as evidence for collisionally ionized gas at 30,000 to 80,000 K. In this paper, these observations are summarized, and conductive-interface and shock-heating mechanisms are investigated as sources for the temperatures, column densities, and velocity fields. The conductive mechanism evidently cannot reproduce the observations, but radiatively cooling shocks of 50 to 100 km/s, produced by supernova remnants or stellar winds, may provide a viable explanation. Time-dependent calculations of the cooling and ionization behind such shocks show the importance of initial ionization conditions at 100,000 K and produce results substantially different from those of calculations which start at 1 million K.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 216
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The observed abundance variations of Ca, Fe, Si, and Ti in intermediate-velocity interstellar gas suggest that grains have been disrupted in clouds with velocities as low as 20 to 50 km/s. A simplified hydromagnetic shock model for such clouds is described; the dynamical equations for charged grains in the postshock region are derived, including the collisional drag and 'betatron-acceleration' effect of a magnetic-field gradient; and the fraction of grains destroyed in evaporative collisions with other grains is calculated. It is found that for shocks of 20 to 50 km/s in which the fractional H-ionization remains low, 3-10% of the grain material may be destroyed - sufficient to explain in part the heavy-element depletion pattern in intermediate velocity clouds and the well-known correlation of N(Ca II)/N(Na I) with cloud velocity.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 215
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Copernicus UV data on interstellar lines toward HD 50896, a Wolf-Rayet star, are analyzed to study abundances and physical conditions in the line of sight. About 20% of the low-velocity neutral gas is contained in a dense cloud with 10% to 50% of its hydrogen in molecular form; the atomic abundances show typical interstellar depletions. The low-velocity H II gas may be associated with the high ionizing flux of the Wolf-Rayet star or with H II regions along the line of sight. Si III exhibits strong absorption shortward of the low-velocity H II gas, characteristic of a collisionally ionized component at 30,000 to 80,000 K; the possible connections with an unobserved supernova remnant or stellar mass loss are discussed. High-velocity features at 78 and -96 km/sec, in which Fe and Si are near their cosmic abundances, are also indicative of strong shocks.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 212
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 211
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The paper computes models of the UV luminosity produced by a distribution of supernova remnants resulting from a burst of star formation in primeval galaxies at large redshift. The evolution of low metal abundance remnants is described analytically, and their UV emission is found from a velocity grid of radiative shock models. The implications of these results for the detection of line emission from young galaxies and for the diffuse background radiation are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 234
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The vibrational excitation of H2 in intense ultraviolet radiation fields is studied. The radiative cascade through bound levels of the ground electronic state, following absorption of Lyman- and Werner-band photons, is modified to include effects of 'multiple pumping' and direct photodissociation from the high vibrational levels. Although the column densities in the excited vibrational levels produced by UV pumping appear too low to explain the recently observed Orion quadrupole emission lines, it is suggested that the far-red lines in the (3-0) and (4-0) bands, produced by UV pumping from O stars near dense molecular clouds, may be detectable.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 219
    Format: text
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...