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  • 1975-1979  (7)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: A code developed for simulating high Reynolds number transonic flow fields of arbitrary configuration is described. This code, in conjunction with laboratory experiments, is used to devise and test turbulence transport models which may be suitable in the prediction of such flow fields, with particular emphasis on regions of flow separation. The solutions describe the flow field, including both the shock-induced and trailing-edge separation regions, in sufficient detail to provide the profile and friction drag.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: Aerodynamic Analyses Requiring Advanced Computers, Pt. 1; p 419-436
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: An investigation of the transonic flow over a circular arc airfoil was conducted to obtain basic information for turbulence modeling of shock-induced separated flows and to verify numerical computer codes which are being developed to simulate such flows. The investigation included the employment of a laser velocimeter to obtain data concerning the mean velocity, the shear stress, and the turbulent kinetic energy profiles in the flowfield downstream of the airfoil midchord where the flow features are more complex. Depending on the free-stream Mach number, the flowfield developed was either steady with shock-wave-induced separation extending from the foot of the shock wave to beyond the trailing edge or unsteady with a periodic motion also undergoing shock-induced separation. The experimental data were compared with the results of numerical simulations in which a computer code was employed that solved the time-dependent Reynolds' averaged compressible Navier-Stokes equations.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 78-160 , Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Jan 16, 1978 - Jan 18, 1978; Huntsville, AL
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: An experimental and computational investigation of the steady and unsteady transonic flow field about a thick airfoil is described. An operational computer code for solving the two-dimensional, compressible Navier-Stokes equations for flow over airfoils was modified to include solid-wall, slipflow boundary conditions to properly assess the code and help guide the development of improved turbulence models. Steady and unsteady flow fields about an 18% thick circular arc airfoil at Mach numbers of 0.720, 0.754, and 0.783 and a chord Reynolds number of 11 x 10 to the 6th are predicted and compared with experiment. For the first time, computed results for unsteady turbulent flows with separation caused by a shock wave were obtained which qualitatively reproduce the time-dependent aspects of experiments. Features such as the intensity and reduced frequency of airfoil surface-pressure fluctuations, oscillatory regions of trailing-edge and shock-induced separation, and the Mach number range for unsteady flows were all qualitatively reproduced.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 77-678 , Conference on Fluid and Plasmadynamics; Jun 27, 1977 - Jun 29, 1977; Albuquerque, NM
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A detailed examination of the turbulent field in an unsteady transonic flow undergoing shock-induced separation is conducted. Ensemble-averaged mean and fluctuating velocities, obtained from conditionally sampled laser velocimeter data, are described and analyzed to assess the applicability of modeling concepts usually employed in steady-flow problems. Some comparisons with computations employing the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations with a mixing length turbulence model are then presented to illustrate the status of current predictive capabilities. The results appear to imply that turbulence models developed for steady flows apply and that the model need not reflect all the fine details of the turbulent structure but rather account in an approximate way for the production and destruction of the turbulence.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 79-0071 , American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Jan 15, 1979 - Jan 17, 1979; New Orleans, LA
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A combined experimental and computational research program for testing and guiding turbulence modeling within regions of separation induced by shock waves incident on turbulent boundary layers is described. Specifically, studies are made of the separated flow over the rear portion of an 18%-thick circular-arc airfoil at zero angle of attack in high Reynolds number supercritical flow. The measurements include distributions of surface static pressure and local skin friction. The instruments employed include high-frequency response pressure cells and a large array of surface hot-wire skin-friction gages. Computations at the experimental flow conditions are made using time-dependent solutions of ensemble-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, plus additional equations for the turbulence modeling.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: ICAS PAPER 76-15 , Congress; Oct 03, 1976 - Oct 08, 1976; Ottawa; Canada
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: An experimental and theoretical study of transonic flow over a thick airfoil, prompted by a need for adequately documented experiments that could provide rigorous verification of viscous flow simulation computer codes, is reported. Special attention is given to the shock-induced separation phenomenon in the turbulent regime. Measurements presented include surface pressures, streamline and flow separation patterns, and shadowgraphs. For a limited range of free-stream Mach numbers the airfoil flow field is found to be unsteady. Dynamic pressure measurements and high-speed shadowgraph movies were taken to investigate this phenomenon. Comparisons of experimentally determined and numerically simulated steady flows using a new viscous-turbulent code are also included. The comparisons show the importance of including an accurate turbulence model. When the shock-boundary layer interaction is weak the turbulence model employed appears adequate, but when the interaction is strong, and extensive regions of separation are present, the model is inadequate and needs further development.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 75-878 , American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Fluid and Plasma Dynamics Conference; Jun 16, 1975 - Jun 18, 1975; Hartford, CT
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: A combined experimental and computational research program is described for testing and guiding turbulence modeling within regions of separation induced by shock waves incident in turbulent boundary layers. Specifically, studies are made of the separated flow the rear portion of an 18%-thick circular-arc airfoil at zero angle of attack in high Reynolds number supercritical flow. The measurements include distributions of surface static pressure and local skin friction. The instruments employed include highfrequency response pressure cells and a large array of surface hot-wire skin-friction gages. Computations at the experimental flow conditions are made using time-dependent solutions of ensemble-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, plus additional equations for the turbulence modeling.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: NASA-TM-X-73157 , A-6690
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