Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Influence of hydrofuramide and ethanolamines on efficient vulcanization (EV), semi-EV, and conventional sulfur vulcanization accelerated by tetramethyl thiuram disulfide is reported. In the case of thiuram vulcanization, the amines increase the cure rate but reduce the crosslink density. The interaction of tetramethyl thiuram disulfide with amines has been studied. The amines interact with thiuram disulfide (TMTD) giving rise to the formation of gaseous products. Thermogravimetric analysis shows weight loss of about 50% in case of TMTD-ethanolamine system and 25% in case of TMTD-hydrofuramide system. Gas chromatographic studies of the gaseous products indicate that it consists mainly of H2S. The other constituents in the gaseous product are CO2 and a thiol. A possible reaction based on these observations to account for decrease in crosslink density in thiuram vulcanization caused by amines is reported.
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