Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The behaviour of the flow regime downstream of the choke point in a flow-limited water filled penrose tube was examined. The transmural pressure along the length of the tube was measured with a moveable side-tap catheter and tube area and stiffness were derived from the tube's static pressure/area curve. Stable supercritical flow, in which the local fluid velocity is greater than the local speed of wave propagation, was demonstrated to extend downstream from the choke point. Speed ratios (fluid velocity divided by tube wavespeed) as large as ten were measured in tube segments in which the area changed so gradually with length as to rule out significant longitudinal tension effects on the tube pressure/area curve. The predicted transition from supercritical to subcritical velocity, or elastic jump, was also studied. Sidewall friction along the jump and longitudinal tension effects due to longitudinal wall curvature were found to be significant factors governing the variation of pressure within the jump. Taking friction into account, the flow momentum equation was found to describe the overall size of the elastic jump adequately if its upstream and downstream limits were taken at points where wall curvature effects were negligible.
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