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  • 1995-1999  (1)
  • 1975-1979  (4)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Phosphate fertilizer incorporated in the soil placed around tea plants when planted in the field produced a large improvement in the rate of growth of the plants, thus indicating that tea in acid soils had a demand for phosphate. Yield responses to phosphate fertilizer applied to mature tea were uncommon and the pattern of these confused. This work showed that mature tea will absorb phosphate and give positive yield responses when there is an undisturbed mulch layer on the soil surface. Within this layer phosphate is maintained in a more available form and many highly active roots are formed. These conditions are destroyed by manual weeding; the mulch forms naturally from tea leaves and prunings where no-cultivation herbicidal weed control is practised.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5036
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Phosphate fertilizer incorporated in the soil placed around tea plants when planted in the field produced a large improvement in the rate of growth of the plants, thus indicating that tea in acid soils had a demand for phosphate. Yield responses to phosphate fertilizer applied to mature tea were uncommon and the pattern of these confused. This work showed that mature tea will absorb phosphate and give positive yield responses when there is an undisturbed mulch layer on the soil surface. Within this layer phosphate is maintained in a more available form and many highly active roots are formed. These conditions are destroyed by manual weeding; the mulch forms naturally from tea leaves and prunings where no-cultivation herbicidal weed control is practised.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: captive breeding ; in situ conservation ; ex situ conservation ; zoos ; protected areas
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract Growing deterministic and stochastic threats to many wild populations of large vertebrates have focused attention on the conservation significance of captive breeding and subsequent reintroduction. However, work on both gorillas and black rhinos questions this shift in emphasis. In these species, field-based conservation can be effective if properly supported and, although this is not cheap, per capita costs may still be considerably lower than for ex situ propagation in captivity. Here we attempt to broaden the scope of this debate by contrasting the breeding success and costs of in situ and captive programmes for a range of threatened mammals. Data are scarce, but we find that across nine large-bodied genera, in situ conservation achieves comparable rates of population growth to those seen in established captive breeding programmes. Moreover, comparing budgets of well-protected reserves with zoos' own estimates of maintenance costs and the costs of zoo adoption schemes, we find that per capita costs for effective in situ conservation are consistently lower than those of maintenance in captivity. Captive breeding may be more cost-effective for smaller-bodied taxa, and will often remain desirable for large mammals restricted to one or two vulnerable wild populations. However, our results, coupled with the fact that effective in situ conservation protects intact ecosystems rather than single species, lead us to suggest that zoos might maximize their contribution to large mammal conservation by investing where possible in well-managed field-based initiatives, rather than establishing additional ex situ breeding programmes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Solutions are presented for the stagnation-region shock-layer equations, including radiative transfer with spectral lines and silica ablation during Jovian entry. Results for variations of entry angle, sphere-cone configuration, and atmospheric model are given. The effect of silica ablation on the radiative and convective surface heating is correlated with the ratio of the wall to free-stream mass flux. Correlations are also given for spectral distributions. The effect of newly obtained SiO radiation properties on the surface heating is examined.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 78-186 , Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Jan 16, 1978 - Jan 18, 1978; Huntsville, AL
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Utilizing a series of existing computer codes, ablation experiments in the Giant Planet Facility are numerically simulated. Of primary importance is the simulation of the low Mach number shock layer that envelops the test model. The RASLE shock-layer code, used in the Jupiter entry probe heat-shield design, is adapted to the experimental conditions. RASLE predictions for radiative and convective heat fluxes are in good agreement with calorimeter measurements. In simulating carbonaceous ablation experiments, the RASLE code is coupled directly with the CMA material response code. For the graphite models, predicted and measured recessions agree very well. Predicted recession for the carbon phenolic models is 50% higher than that measured. This is the first time codes used for the Jupiter probe design have been compared with experiments.
    Keywords: GROUND SUPPORT SYSTEMS AND FACILITIES (SPACE)
    Type: AIAA PAPER 79-1102 , American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Thermophysics Conference; Jun 04, 1979 - Jun 06, 1979; Orlando, FL
    Format: text
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