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  • 2000-2004  (35)
  • 1975-1979  (71)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Interfaces between dielectric films and grounded metallic boundaries were exposed, in vacuum, to monoenergic electron fluxes having energies up to 22 keV. Two principal concerns were the measuring of the charge distributions on dielectrics and the determining of causes of flashovers, events where dielectric surface charges abruptly transfer to the metallic structures. Surface charges are perturbed within 10 mm of interfaces. Perturbations are relatively small except within about 3 mm of the interface. The probability of flashover was found to be related to microscopic imperfections in the interfaces. As flashovers occur in an exposed metal substrate, points become burned into the dielectric along the slit. As these points develop, the probability of flashover increases greatly. An interface which is highly immune to flashover was formed by covering a dielectric film with a 1.5-mm-thick aperture plate which exposes the film through a machined opening.
    Keywords: ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    Type: NASA-CR-155195
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: After making an analysis of experimental error sources, statistical models were developed for the design and analysis of potential Space Shuttle experiments. Guidelines for statistical significance and/or confidence limits of expected results were also included. The models were then tested out on the following proposed Space Shuttle biomedical experiments: (1) bone density by computer tomography; (2) basal metabolism; and (3) total body water. Analysis of those results and therefore of the models proved inconclusive due to the lack of previous research data and statistical values. However, the models were seen as possible guides to making some predictions and decisions.
    Keywords: ASTRONAUTICS (GENERAL)
    Type: NASA-CR-160197 , TIR-741-LSP-8012
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A multilayered finite element with bending-extensional coupling is evaluated for: (1) buckling of general laminated plates; (2) thermal stresses of laminated plates cured at elevated temperatures; (3) displacements of a bimetallic beam; and (4) displacement and stresses of a single-cell box beam with warped cover panels. Also, displacements and stresses for flat and spherical orthotropic and anisotropic segments are compared with results from higher order plate and shell finite-element analyses.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: NASA-TP-1236 , L-12113
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: For qualitative analysis of atmospheric particulates by microscopy, the sampling device should preserve the particles in the state existing at the moment of capture. A collector is described that uses electrostatic precipitation to capture and disperse specimens on various substrates for direct insertion into microscopes. Sampling runs in various atmospheres are described. Micrographs are presented to show particle morphology and distribution on the substrates. Chemical identification by X-ray energy probe and electron diffraction is illustrated.
    Keywords: ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Ninth Conf. on Space Simulation; p 267-275
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: A technique was developed for measuring surface charge distribution near interfaces without placing any measuring apparatus near the face of the samples. The results of measurements which were made on FEP Teflon and Kapton dielectrics, before and after are given flashover, with various types of interfaces. Also given are data showing mean time between flashovers for various configurations exposed to a variety of environmental conditions. Several charge transfer mechanisms are considered as a means by which stable charge distributions may be maintained near interfaces.
    Keywords: ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    Type: NASA. Lewis Res. Center Proc. of the Spacecraft Charging-Technol. Conf.; p 503-717
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Mouse mammary tumors heated by water bath or by microwave-induced hyperthermia exhibit a response that varies sharply with treatment temperature; therefore, uniform heating of the tumor is essential to quantitate the biological response as a function of temperature. C3H tumors implanted on the mouse flank were easily heated to uniformities within 0.1 C by using water baths. Cold spots up to 1 C below the desired treatment temperature were observed in the same tumors implanted on the hind leg. These cold spots were attributed to cooling by major blood vessels near the tumor. In this case temperature uniformity was achieved by the deposition of 2450 MHz microwave energy into the tumor volume by using parallel-opposed applicators.
    Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE
    Type: NASA. Langley Res. Center Hyperthermia as an Antineoplastic Treatment Modality; p 27-32
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  • 7
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    In:  Geological Society Special Publication 207: 131-150.
    Publication Date: 2003-01-01
    Description: The margin between Cote d'Ivoire and the Niger Delta is a region with a common structural history, this being reflected in similarities in the stratigraphic response and play fairways identified across the region. There has been significant exploration on the narrow shelf characterizing the margin, resulting in a series of modest oil and gas discoveries. It is shown in this paper that many of the aspects of the plays in the unexplored deep-water regions of the margin are considerably more favourable to the development of giant fields than those on the shelf. This play-fairway review is based on the integration of existing publications with focused studies of multiclient 3-D seismic data over a number of areas. Play fairways are classified by seismic sequence and trap type, with an analysis of each undertaken. The most attractive deep-water play types are: (1) anticlinal traps involving late syn-transform (Apto-Albian) and early post-transform (Late Cretaceous) reservoirs, (2) combination traps involving ponded turbidites on the shoreward flanks of these highs, and (3) stratigraphic traps associated with large Late Cretaceous submarine fan complexes. The anticlinal play is associated with the terminations of the St Paul and Romanche fracture zones, with the more recent structuring generally associated with the latter. 3-D imaging and amplitude mapping is critical to prospect delineation, particularly for the combination and stratigraphic plays. Active kitchens are evidenced involving Early and Late Cretaceous source rocks in the Cote d'Ivoire and western Ghana to Nigeria segments of the region, which are consequently upgraded. Considerable volumetric potential is indicated that promises to make the region one of significant new exploration activity in coming years.
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2006-01-12
    Description: Experimental methods of mapping the equipotential surfaces near some structure of interest rely on the detection of charged particles which have traversed the regions of interest and are detected remotely. One method is the measurement of ion energies for ions created at a point of interest and expelled from the region by the fields. The ion energy at the detector in eV corresponds to the potential where the ion was created. An ionizing beam forms the ions from background neutrals. The other method is to inject charged particles into the region of interest and to locate their exit points. A set of several trajectories becomes a data base for a systematic mapping technique. An iterative solution of a boundary value problem establishes concepts and limitations pertaining to the mapping problem.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: NASA. Lewis Res. Center Spacecraft Charging Technol., 1978; p 606-620
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2006-06-13
    Description: A continuing effort to develop a comprehensive capability for thermal-structural analysis and automated design (sizing) is reviewed. A principal role in the activity is played by the finite element program SPAR which contains both an efficient structural and thermal analysis capability. The benefit of having thermal and structural analyses in the same finite element program is illustrated by the application of SPAR to design calculations for the National Transonic Facility - a cryogenic wind tunnel under construction at Langley. Some experience with large-scale thermal structural analysis problems, particularly the space shuttle orbiter, has led to the identification of some analysis needs. Those needs include automated model generation and data output for lumped parameter thermal analysis, faster solution methods for nonlinear transient heat transfer, automated interpolation of temperature data from a thermal finite element model to a dissimilar structural finite model, and automated techniques to identify the times at which the critical combinations of transient heating and loads occur on a structure.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: Recent Advan. in Structures for Hypersonic Flight, Pt.2; p 897-941
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2006-01-12
    Description: The emission of secondary electrons from dielectrics subject to numerous effects of electric field which are experimentally difficult to control is discussed. Measurements are reported using pulse techniques such that local fields do not build to significant levels, but measurements with fields present are also of interest. A specific series of measurements under controlled conditions are described and their implications in terms of fields, magnitude and angle, near the dielectric surface were examined. The measurements were made for a charged fluorinated-ethylene-propylene surface near a grounded aluminum half-round resting on the surface. The geometry produced a stable surface-charge gradient being controlled by a strongly enhanced secondary emission for which a model is constructed. Observations of surface flashovers under various conditions confirm the predictions of some scaling exercises.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: NASA. Lewis Res. Center Spacecraft Charging Technol., 1978; p 734-746
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