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  • 1980-1984  (5)
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Hardware and software for collecting and storing the data of gas permeation in polymer membranes from the vacuum detector and various sensors have been developed for the GP-IB microcomputer online system. The system uses BASIC language programs. In comparison to manual inputs and calculations, the programs allow reductions in the time required for data treatment and in the standard deviation for a determination and, moreover, an improvement in the reproducibility of the results.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Temperature dependences of diffusion and permeation coefficients of hydrogen and deuterium in glassy and rubbery polymer films have been measured. The size of the free volume element in rubbery polymers has been calculated according to the theory of Frisch and Rogers for the quantum isotope effect, but the free volume is too large for precise calculation below the glass-transition temperature. The cooperative movement of segments is also discussed using the ratio of preexponential factors for diffusion mechanisms above and below the glass-transition temperature.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The permeability and time lag at pressures below 1 atm were measured for carbon dioxide in five polystyrene samples with different molecular weights at 25 to 40°C. The apparent permeability coefficient decreases with increasing carbon dioxide pressure and also decreases with increasing molecular weight of polystyrene, whereas the apparent diffusion coefficient calculated from time lag increases with pressure and is independent of molecular weight. Parameters for the partial-immobilization model were determined from the apparent diffusion and permeation coefficients by using a nonlinear least-squares optimization program without using sorption data. The results suggest that the void-saturation constant C′H decreases as the molecular weight of the polymer increases or as the chain-end free volume decreases. The significance of these observation and their interpretation is discussed in terms of free-volume theory for glassy polymers.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 28 (1983), S. 3589-3592 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 20 (1980), S. 30-35 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The pressure dependence of the apparent diffusion and permeation coefficients were observed by using the permeation time-lag method for CO2 in glassy poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polystyrene (PS) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) below 1 atm. The results show that the permeation coefficient is constant whereas the diffusion coefficient increases with pressure. According to the theoretical prediction of Paul, it can be concluded that the adsorbed CO2 in these glassy polymers is completely immobilized and does not participate directly in the diffusion. A computer was used in the numerical calculation to determine the true diffusion coefficient from the model of Paul, et al. A comparison of the curves calculated with these constants and experimental values gave excellent agreement for the three glassy polymers. But there is a large difference between the values of one of the parameters obtained by this time-lag method and the sorption method. Relations between this difference and the magnitude of the parameters are discussed.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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