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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Eighteen high dispersion International Ultraviolet Exploration spectra of 6 stars in the large magellanic cloud (LMC) 3 stars in the small magellanic cloud (SMC) and 2 foreground stars were studied. Fourteen spectra cover the wavelengths lambda 1150-2000 A and 4 cover lambda 1900-3200 A. All the Magellanic Cloud star spectra exhibit exceedingly strong interstellar absorption lines due to a wide range of ionization stages at galactic velocities and at velocities associated with the LMC or SMC. The analysis is restricted to the Milky Way absorption features. Toward the LMC stars, the strong interstellar lines have a positive velocity extension, which exceeds the extension recorded toward the SMC stars. The most straightforward interpretation of these velocity extensions is obtained by assuming that gas at large distances away from the plane of the galaxy participates in the rotation of the galaxy as found in the galactic disk.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center The Universe at Ultraviolet Wavelengths: The First Two Yrs. of Intern. Ultraviolet Explorer; p 611-612
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2009-11-16
    Description: The High Resoltuion Spectrograph (HRS) in conjunction with the Space Telescope (ST), extends ultraviolet astronomical spectroscopy to higher spectra, spatial, and time resolutions than previously achieved, as well as to fainter and more distant celestial objects. Other significant advances inherent in the instrument are high photometric accuracy and efficient operation via exposure meter control and real time rejection of bad data. These capabilities are provided to accomplish the scientific programs of the HRS investigation definition team, which concern the interstellar medium, stellar winds, and evolutionary aspects of stellar atmosphere studies; the determination of chemical abundances relevant to stellar evolution; the investigation of quasars and Seyfert galaxy nuclei; and the analysis of the atmospheres of solar system objects, including comets.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Space Telescope Science Inst. The Space Telescope Obs.; p 76-105
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: A study of ultraviolet interstellar extinction in and near the core of the 30 Doradus nebula is presented. The pair method is used to determine the shape of the ultraviolet extinction curve, and reddened stars from within 80 pc of the core and unreddened stars from a variety of locations in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) are considered. All stars near the core appear to be reddened by E(B-V) = 0.09-0.16 with an extinction law similar to previous LMC extinction laws. Some stars, including R136a, R145, and R147, are additionally reddened by E(B-V) = 0.18 with a 'nebular-type' extinction law. A model consisting of a layer of 'LMC foreground dust' which affects all of the stars and a deeper layer of 'nebular dust' which affects some of the stars is used for an explanation of the extinction properties. The extinction curves are then applied to the ultraviolet energy distribution of R136a for a determination of its intrinsic continuum shape. Evidence showing that the brightest LMC OB supergiants have intrinsic (B-V) colors and UV-to-visual continuum slopes which are redder than expected is presented.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 279; 578-595
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The International Ultraviolet Explorer was used to obtain high-resolution, far-UV spectra of theta 1 A, theta 1 C, theta 1 D, and theta 2 A Orionis. The interstellar absorption lines in these spectra are discussed with an emphasis on the high-ionization lines of C IV and Si IV. Theta 2 A Ori has interstellar C IV and Si IV absorption of moderate strength at the velocity found for normal H II region ions. Theta 1 C Ori has very strong interstellar C IV and Si IV absorption at velocities blueshifted by about 25 km/s from that found for the normal H II region ions. The possible origin of the high-ionization lines by three processes is considered: X-ray ionization, collisional ionization, and UV photoionization. It is concluded that the C IV and Si IV ions toward theta 2 A and theta 1 C Ori are likely produced by UV photoionization of surrounding nebular gas. In the case of theta 1 C Ori, the velocity shift of the high-ionization lines may be produced through the acceleration of high-density globules in the core of the nebula by the stellar wind of theta 1 C Ori.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 255
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: UV spectra in the wavelength interval 1170-1270 A are presented for 53 early-type stars ranging in spectral type from O6.5 V to B2.5 IV. The sample includes four Wolf-Rayet stars, seven known Oe-Be stars, and six galactic halo OB stars. A qualitative analysis of the stellar N v doublet reveals that: (1) N v is present in all stars hotter and more luminous than type B0 for the main sequence, B1 for giants, and B2 for supergiants; (2) shell components of N v and an unidentified absorption feature at 1230 A are present in about half of the stars; (3) the column density of N v is well correlated with bolometric luminosity over the spectral range O6 to B2; and (4) the ratio of emission to absorption equivalent width is a factor of 2 smaller in the main sequence stars than in supergiants, which suggests that the wind structure changes as a star evolves. For several stars, this ratio is too small to be explained by traditional wind models.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series; 48; Mar. 198
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Five-band UV photometry is used to investigate the character of interstellar extinction toward 1367 stars of spectral type B3 and earlier, with observations producing a galactic average of 5.11, 4.78, 6.52, 4.10 and 1.95 at 1550, 1800, 2200, 2500, and 3300 A, respectively. Differences in the strengths of the UV extinction features of these stars appear to be independent, since objects with either strong or weak 2200 A extinction can have strong, normal or weak far-UV extinction. Further investigation reveals that some of the deviant stars are embedded in localized regions whose average extinction curves diverge dramatically from the galactic mean. The anomalous extinction of these regions attests to localized inhomogeneities in the UV characteristics of interstellar dust. Because the evaluation of UV extinction toward a particular star would be more accurate if based on the average curve of the region immediately surrounding that star rather than that of the entire Galaxy, it is recommended that the galactic average presented be used with caution to correct astronomical data of individual objects.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 248
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Absolute fluxes over the wavelength range 1200-3200 A are presented for 13 normal early-type stars and 12 early-type stars known to have large IR excess; the data were obtained to study the UV spectral modifications produced by absorbing circumstellar dust particles. It is found that all the Be/shell stars whose spectral types are later than B6 exhibit greatly enhanced line absorption due to circumstellar Fe II. The circumstellar gaseous line absorption in stars cooler than B6 severely complicates the study of circumstellar dust absorption. However, those B and A stars that exhibit the circumstellar 9.7-micron emission feature have a very large increase in circumstellar absorption for 1800 A; such absorption is expected from circumstellar silicate particles.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 246
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The peculiar Be star HD 45677 was observed at low and high resolution by the IUE, and nearly simultaneous optical and IR observations were obtained with ground-based telescopes. These data were used to produce a spectral energy distribution extending from 0.12 to 12.6 microns in order to investigate the conversion of UV to IR radiation in the circumstellar dust shell. The high-resolution spectra indicate a spectral type of B2 in agreement with the optical classification.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 237
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The IUE was used to obtain high-resolution far-UV spectra (1150-2070 A) of two stars in the 30 Dor H II region in the LMC. Interstellar absorption components are distinguished at +20, +220, +250, and +290 km/s. The +20 km/s component is produced by matter in the Galaxy; the high-velocity components are produced by absorbing gas near or in the LMC. A model of the line-of-sight distribution of the absorbing clouds is developed from the velocity pattern of the observed LMC features. The presence of Si IV, Al III, and C IV ions is discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 236
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: New IUE observations and available data for O and B stars new Cep OB3 are presented, and extinction curves for the stars are derived. The differences in those curves are examined in detail, showing that while the level of the far-UV extinction differs greatly throughout the region, the shape of the 2175 A bump does not. The different curves form a family which can be parametrized by the strength of the bump per E(B-V). This suggests that some single physical process dominates the modification of the grains in the region. Evidence is presented which indicates that this process is related to the evolution of the grains once they emerge from the Cep OB3 molecular cloud. The practicality of using the strength of the bump per E(B-V) for dereddening stars in a region where the form of the UV extinction differs from place to place is demonstrated.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 279; 310-321
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