Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
The major water-bearing units in the Houston district are the Chicot and Evangeline aquifer systems. Both systems consist of discontinuous layers of unconsolidated sand (aquifers) separated by clay layers.Extensive pumping has caused large declines of potentiometric surfaces in and around Houston. The declines have caused both the compaction of clay layers, which has resulted in land-surface subsidence, and the movement of salt water towards Houston.During the early 1960's, an electric analog model of the district was made. The model simulated water-level declines; but more importantly, the model indicated that the available data and conceptual model of the hydrologic system, consisting of two aquifers, were not totally adequate to allow simulation of the ground-water systems.During the early 1970's, a second electric analog was built. The second model used new data and a conceptual model consisting of two aquifer systems simulated water-level declines quite accurately, but the model was unable to accurately simulate the spatial distribution of water yielded from clay storage.A digital model was then developed during 1979 to simulate the hydrology of the district. The digital model used five layers and accurately simulated the hydraulic heads in both aquifer systems and land-surface subsidence.
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