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  • 1980-1984  (25)
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  • 1
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    Unknown
    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Hot tenuous plasmas with temperatures in the range 1,000,000 to 3.10 to the 8th power K and densities of .000001 to .001 per cu cm are considered. The dominant radiation processes are thermal bremsstrahlung and collisional line excitation and all except the very hottest objects will have observable X-ray emissions lines. The most important unifying point is the angular scales involved. For the interstellar gas, structure ranging in size from about 10 ft to tens of degrees is expected.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center X-ray Astronomy in the 1980's; p 119-132
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The results of a two-dimensional spectrophotometric survey of the core regions of 11 rich clusters of galaxies are presented. A number of these clusters have spectacular optical emission line systems in their cores. Both morphologically and kinematically, the emission line regions divide into extended, 20-100 kpc systems of long linear filaments associated with the cluster core and more compact, homogeneous elongated regions associated with the dominant central cluster galaxy. It is suggested that the present results can be expected, as hot X-ray emitting gas cools in the cluster center. Luminosities almost entirely agree with expected values. The morphology of the systems can be understood if the filaments form initially in the cooling flow and, in some cases, are subsequently accreted by the central galaxy.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 272; Sept. 1
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Orion OB1 was the association most heavily observed by the Copernicus satellite UV spectrometer, which detected very unusual, strong interstellar UV absorption lines. Negative velocity gas at -100 km/sec was also noted, together with the absence of a corresponding, very high positive velocity feature. These and other characteristics have led to the present inferrence of a radially expanding, thin, uniform and low column density shell of fast moving gas which surrounds the Ori OB1 and Lambda Ori regions. Inside this shell is a more slowly moving inhomogeneous region of higher density gas which produces the more sporadically distributed gas at velocities in the 30-100 km/sec range. Within this framework, it is suggested that the most recent supernova is seen in the highest velocity gas, while the composite effects of the history of supernova formation lie in the denser, slower material.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Narrow interstellar absorption lines of S II 1259.52, Si II 1260.42, and Fe II 1608.46 due to gas in the disk and the halo of the Galaxy have been detected in the spectrum of the Seyfert galaxy Mrk 509 with the International Ultraviolet Explorer. This gas is also seen at higher resolution in the Ca II and Na I absorption lines in two components at LSR velocities of +6 and +62 km/s. In addition, narrow Ly-alpha and C IV absorption near the Seyfert redshift seem to be present in the spectrum. Si II 1260.42 absorption from the galactic disk and from the Magellanic Stream or the halo of the SMC have been detected with the IUE in the spectrum of Fairall 9. The observations of these two objects when combined with existing results are shown to be consistent with a corotating galactic halo having a height of less than 10 kpc at the sun.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The results of a search for giant, rapidly expanding shells of gas surrounding OB associations are recorded. Two out of thirteen nearby associations (Orion and Carina) show supershells of gas with radii of about 100 pc, expansion velocities of about 100 km/sec, and ages of about 400,000 years. Observations of the newly discovered Carina supershell are presented. It is suggested that these features are formed by supernova explosions in the associations. The birthrate of association supernovae than lies between 1.5 x 10 to the -14th/cu pc per/year and 10 to the -13th/cu pc per/year.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 250
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: IUE spectrometer observational data are reported on the C IV, Si IV, and N V absorption lines in 46 distant stars at FWHM resolution of 30 km/sec. A simple analytic theory is given for these contributions, including the effects of ionization by a soft X-ray background. While for some of the most distant field stars a photoionized contribution may be ruled out, C IV absorption lines are detected which are shallow and broad. It is suggested that what are being detected in these cases are contributions from the hot interstellar gas that is responsible for the O VI absorption lines. Most of the Si IV and C IV lines probably arise in the H II regions surrounding the observed star or its neighbors.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 248
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The contribution of young galaxies to the diffuse X-ray background is estimated and two mechanisms by which young galaxies may emit hard X-rays are considered. The first mechanism is direct thermal bremsstrahlung emission from a hot galactic wind powered by supernovae. Estimating mass-loss rates from galaxies by arguments based on metallicity and on the X-ray spectroscopic observations of rich clusters, it is shown that galactic winds may contribute substantially to the background. The second mechanism relies on the decreased metallicity of young galaxies to increase the number of supergiant stars and hence the numbers of hard X-ray binaries. This effect quantitatively explains the relatively large X-ray luminosity of the Magellanic clouds and also indicates that binaries in young galaxies may contribute a significant fraction of the diffuse X-ray background. Both mechanisms require that the epoch of galaxy formation be recent (redshift less than 2-3) in order to account for the observed spectral temperature (45 keV) of the hard X-ray background.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 237
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-09-16
    Description: The construction of supernova remnant which is consistent with the observations and what it talls about the theory was investigated. It is argued that thermal evaporation and local inhomogeneity are crucial elements which are essential to any satisfactory description. It is concluded that: (1) a multiphase supernova remnant (SNR) seems to provide a plausible description of the local interstellar medium (ISM); (2) the local region could have been deficient in cool gas prior to the supernova both on theoretical and observational grounds; (3) the Sun may lie in a region towards the outside of the supernova remnant which hasn't yet come into pressure equilibrium with the hot gas; and (4) evaporative models give a much more satisfactory description of the O VI observations than Sedov Solutions.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Local Interstellar Medium, No. 81; p 287-296
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Morphological evidence is presented (in the form of 3-A-bandpass Fabry-Perot images made with a CCD camera) that the two bright emission-line systems seen toward the galaxy NGC 1275 arise from a high-velocity impact of a foreground galaxy upon the accretion flow of gas cooling in the center of the Perseus cluster. The uniquely high optical-line luminosity of NGC 1275, in comparison with other central galaxies in clusters observed to have cooling flows, may be explained by energy deposited during the collision. Using additional information from 21-cm and extinction measurements, a rough model of the interaction is developed. Problems remain with this model - such as the likelihood of a gas-rich system penetrating to the cluster center. The kinematic structure of the optically emitting gas shows additional complex structure near the nucleus of NGC 1275.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters to the Editor (ISSN 0004-637X); 275; L27-L31
    Format: text
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Absorption lines near the rest wavelengths of the Si IV doublet (wavelengths 1393.76, 1402.77) with equivalent widths 533 and 235 mA are reported in the spectrum of QSO 3C 273. The profiles show the nature of hot gas along a high-latitude (b = 64 deg) line of sight through our entire halo. The lines have full width at half-maxima of 100 km/s, compared to an instrumental resolution of 35 km/s, are centered at zero velocity, and show no evidence for components with equivalent widths greater than 50 mA at an absolute value of v greater than 75 km/s. The absence of high peculiar velocities is consistent with published spectra of halo gas over shorter pathlengths. The implications of this result are discussed, with particular reference to the possible connection between galactic halos and QSO absorption lines, for which C IV and Si IV usually have a broader velocity range.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 274; 136-140
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