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  • 1980-1984  (256)
  • 1920-1924  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0770
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The spontaneous discharges which recorded extracellularly from cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of a cat were classified into the following 3 main groups depending upon the shapes of their interval histograms and autocorrelation functions: the gamma type whose interval histogram is fitted by a gamma distribution function and whose autocorrelation function has some periodic property which damps down within about several 10 ms, the burst type whose interval histogram has a peak in the first bin (less than 8 ms) and whose autocorrelation function has a large positive peak within several msec, and the multimodal type whose interval histogram has a complex shape with three or more peaks and whose autocorrelation function has a periodic property. Each type of spontaneous discharge seems to be inherent at scotopic and mesopic backgrounds, and the cells whose spontaneous discharges are the gamma type, the burst type, and the multimodal type are called here a gamma cell, burst cell, and the multimodal cell, respectively. Gamma cells are subdivided into X- and Y-cells (gamma-X and gamma-Y cells), but burst cells are all Y-cells and multimodal cells observed up to now are all X-cells. It is clear that these various types of cells are distributed significantly differently in each lamina. All the cells that we found up to now in lamina A were either burst cells or multimodal cells, but every type of cell was found in lamina A1. The majority of cells in lamina C were the gamma type. In most cases, the peak values of the PST histograms of gamma-Y cells (especially, on-center cells) are larger than those of burst cells. These results suggest that Y-cells projecting to area 17 from laminae A and A1 are the burst type, and Y-cells projecting to area 18 from laminae C and A1 are the gamma-Y type.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1181
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Arbeit berichtet über eine Lösung mit finiten Differenzen der natürlichen Gegenströmung in einem horizontalen adiabaten Kanal mit kreisförmigem oder rechteckigem Querschnitt bei ungleichen Endtemperaturen. Die natürliche Gegenströmung soll voll ausgebildet sein. Das Ergebnis zeigt, daß die Strömung aus einer starken axialen Gegenströmung und vier überlagerten sekundären Wirbeln in den vier Quadranten des Querschnitts besteht. Man erhält auch die Temperaturänderung längs der Rohrwand, wie sie für mäßige Rayleigh-Zahlen bisher nicht mitgeteilt wurde. Die Verwendung der berechneten Wandtemperatur bei Untersuchungen über thermischen Spannungen wird diskutiert. Die numerischen Ergebnisse wurden auch verwendet, um die Anwendbarkeit analytischer Voraussagen über das Strömungsfeld in rechteckigen Kanälen abzuschätzen.
    Notes: Abstract The paper reports a finite difference solution for the natural counterflow generated in a horizontal adiabatic duct with different end-temperatures. Ducts with circular and rectangular cross-section are considered. The natural counterflow is modeled as fully-developed. The numerical results demonstrate that the flow consists of a strong axial counterflow superimposed on four secondary eddies situated in the four quadrants of the cross-section. The paper documents the temperature variation around the wall of a pipe, in a moderate Rayleigh number range not documented previously. The use of the wall temperature information in thermal stress analysis is discussed. The numerical results are also used to assess the applicability of analytical predictions for the flow field in ducts with rectangular cross-section.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The distribution of serotonin (5-HT) positive fibers in the olfactory bulb of the rat, cat and monkey was studied using the peroxidase-anti-peroxidase (PAP) immunohistochemical method and highly specific antibodies to 5-HT. In general, 5-HT fibers were present throughout all layers in the olfactory bulb of these species except for the olfactory nerve layer and different as well as restricted laminar patterns of 5-HT distribution were observed. There were also species-related differences in the pattern of 5-HT distribution, in each layer. The most notable species difference was apparent in the glomerular layer of the main olfactory bulb. In case of the rat and cat, a very dense plexus of 5-HT fibers was observed to be diffuse in the glomerulus, while in the monkey, the distribution of 5-HT fibers was scanty and partial, as was seen in the accessory olfactory bulb of the rat.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary In the rat kidney the presence of the kallikrein-like pro-phe-arg-naphthylester esterase activity was demonstrated by a simultaneous coupling azo dye method. The enzyme was identified as a serine-protease because it was inhibited by preincubation with diisopropyl-fluorophosphate and unaffected by sodium iodoacetate. Since kallikrein is a serine-protease and pro-phe-arg-naphthylester is a synthetic and sensitive substrate for kallikrein, the enzyme activity revealed by this method was considered to represent kallikrein, although non-kallikrein esterase activity is not totally excluded. The enzyme activity was localized mainly in the outer stripe of the outer medulla, with focal extensions primarily only in the lower half of the cortex corresponding to the medullary rays.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The localization of serotonin(5HT)-containing subependymal cells was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. The 5HT-containing subependymal cells were predominantly located in the paraventricular organ, while a small number of them were situated in the nucleus infundibularis dorsalis. The basal processes of these 5HT cells of the paraventricular organ appeared to have contact with the wall of blood vessels. The result was discussed in comparison with that obtained by the formaldehyde induced fluorescence (FIF) method.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Histochemistry and cell biology 80 (1984), S. 367-372 
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Localization of kallikrein in the human parotid gland was investigated simultaneously by two markers: kallikrein-like (enzyme) activity and kallikrein antigenicity. Kallikrein-like activity was histochemically demonstrated by using a synthetic substrate, pro-phe-arg-naphthylester. Kallikrein antigenicity was demonstrated by an unlabelled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method, where monospecific antiserum against highly purified urinary kallikrein was used as the primary antiserum. The results showed that kallikrein-like activity and kallikrein antigenicity were identical in their locations in the ductal cells, being localized in the luminal part of the striated ducts and to a lesser degree in the excretory ducts. This indicates the presence of active kallikrein in these regions. No enzyme activity nor antigenicity was observed either in acini or in intercalated ducts. Moreover, the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method reveated kallikrein antigenicity for the first time extracellularly in the basement-membrane region of acini and of ducts as well as in the interstitium surrounding ducts and major vessels.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Histochemistry and cell biology 80 (1984), S. 443-448 
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Localization of kallikrein in the human kidney was investigated by two markers: kallikrein-like activity and kallikrein antigenicity. Kallikrein-like activity was demonstrated enzyme-histochemically by using a synthetic substrate for kallikrein, pro-phe-arg-naphthyl-ester. Kallikrein antigenicity was demonstrated by the unlabelled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method using an antiserum against human urinary kallikrein. The kallikrein-like activity was localized in the proximal tubular cells without any corresponding kallikrein antigenicity. Neither kallikrein-like activity nor kallikrein antigenicity was noticed in any other tubular cell. These results are contrary to those in the ductal cells of the human parotid gland where the kallikrein-like activity and the kallikrein antigenicity were identical in their locations. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase method revealed, for the first time, kallikrein antigenicity both in the interstitium and in the basement membrane region of Bowman's capsule and of all the tubules, possibly representing circulating glandular kallikreins deposited in the renal tissue. Thus, the present findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the urinary (renal) kallikreins are derived from circulating glandular kallikreins.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The organization of noradrenergic fibers in the lumbosacral anterior column of rats and dogs was examined in detail using a modification of a highly sensitive glyoxylic acid fluorescence histochemical method. In both rat and dog, there were greater concentrations of fluorescing noradrenergic fibers around the motoneurons innervating the perineal striated muscles (Onuf's nucleus) than around other motoneuronal groups. The preferential accumulation of noradrenergic fibers in Onuf's nucleus may indicate that the noradrenergic neuron system in the spinal cord of rodents and carnivores is closely related to the functional peculiarities of the perineal striated muscles, including the external anal and urethral sphincter muscles.
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