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  • 1980-1984  (7)
  • 1965-1969  (2)
  • 1945-1949  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1570-7458
    Keywords: Maize extract ; Hydroxamic acid ; Feeding deterrent ; Greenbug ; Schizaphis graminum ; Schizaphis graminum
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé La 2,4-dihydroxy-6-metoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA), acide hydroxamique le plus abondant dans des extraits de maïs, accroît la mortalité du puceron Schizaphis graminum nourri artificiellement. Des essais d'alimentation contrôlés par des moyens électriques démontrent que DIMBOA agit comme un répulsif, même à la concentration de 1 mM; dans des régimes à 12 mM, l'alimentation des pucerons est supprimée. Des expériences complémentaires indiquent diquent une augmentation de la mortalité des individus nourris avec DIMBOA par rapport aux témoins. Par conséquent, les effets nuisibles de DIMBOA sur les pucerons sont dus à sa répulsion. Le 2-\-0-gluco-side de DIMBOA (DIMBOA-Glc) a un effet important de répulsion sur les pucerons nourris artificiellement, mais affecte peu leur survie. L'importance des effets des DIMBOA et DIMBOA-Glc sur les pucerons par rapport à la resistance des céréales contre ces insectes est discutée.
    Notes: Abstract 2,4-Dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA), the main hydroxamic acid isolated from maize extracts, increased the mortality of Schizaphis graminum when fed in artificial diets. Electrically-monitored feeding assays showed that DIMBOA acted as a feeding deterrent at concentrations as low as 1 mM. On 12 mM DIMBOA diets, feeding by aphids was completely inhibited. Additional feeding experiments showed that when DIMBOA was ingested there was an increase in aphid mortality relative to that of aphids which did not ingest the compound. Thus, the deleterious effects of DIMBOA on aphids are due to feeding deterrency and toxicity. The 2-\-0 glucoside of DIMBOA (DIMBOA-Glc), the form in which DIMBOA naturally occurs in Gramineae, had a slight effect on lowering aphid survival and an appreciable feeding-deterrent effect on diet-fed aphids. The relevance of the effects of DIMBOA and DIMBOA-Gic on aphids to resistance of certain graminaceous crops against aphids is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Methods are reported for construction of closed-form optical potentials that provide useful L2-basis-set approximations to the discrete and continuum Schrödinger states of self-adjoint Hamiltonian operators. The potentials are obtained employing information from a finite (Lanczos) reference space only, but nevertheless correspond to explicit summation over an infinite-dimensional remainder space. Connections are indicated between the Stieltjes-Tchebycheff orbital solutions of the resulting optical-potential Schrödinger problem and previously described corresponding moment-theory approximations to spectral densities and distributions. Use of a Lanczos basis insures that the orbital eigenvalues are generalized Gaussian or Radau quadrature points of the spectral density, and that their (reciprocal) norms provide the associated quadrature weights. Convergence of the orbitals in the limit of high order is obtained to Schrödinger eigenstates of finite norm in the discrete spectral region, and to scattering states of improper (infinite) norm in the essential portion of the spectrum. In finite orders the spatial characteristics of the Stieltjes-Tchebycheff orbitals correspond to spectral averages in the neighborhoods of the quadrature points over the correct Schrödinger states. Explicit closed-form expressions are obtained for the spectral content of individual orbitals in terms of orthogonal polynomials without reference to the correct Schrödinger states. A computational application to regular Coulomb l waves illustrates the nature and convergence of the development.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary A volumetric procedure has been described for determining the hydrogen content of organic compounds in the form of sulfuric acid. The combustions were conducted in the presence of sulfur, sulfur dioxide, or carbon disulfide in an oxygen atmosphere. Sulfur dioxide is oxidized to sulfur trioxide on a platinum catalyst in the combustion tube, and the water resulting from the combustion combines with the sulfur trioxide formed to yield concentrated sulfuric acid. This condenses in an absorption vessel attached to the combustion tube. Any excess sulfur trioxide is expelled from the oleum during the purging period by warming. After the absorber has been swept out, the sulfuric acid equivalent to the hydrogen content of the samples is titrated acidimetrically.
    Abstract: Résumé On présente une méthode volumétrique pour déterminer la teneur en hydrogène de composés organiques, sous forme d'acide sulfurique. Les combustions s'effectuent en présence de soufre, d'anhydride sulfureux ou de sulfure de carbone en atmosphère d'oxygène. L'anhydride sulfureux est oxydé en anhydride sulfurique sur catalyseur au platine placé dans le tube à combustion. Il se forme ensuite de l'acide sulfurique concentré au contact de l'eau produite par la combustion. Celle-ci se condense dans un récipient pour absorption relié au tube à combustion. On chasse l'anhydride sulfurique en excès de l'oléum pendant la période de balayage, par échauffement. Après balayage de l'absorbeur on titre par acidimétrie l'acide sulfurique équivalent à la teneur en hydrogène de l'échantillon.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Eine volumetrische Methode zur Bestimmung des Wasserstoffgehaltes organischer Verbindungen in Form von Schwefelsäure wird dargelegt. Die Verbrennungen werden in Gegenwart von Schwefel, Schwefeldioxid oder Schwefelkohlenstoff in Sauerstoffatmosphäre durchgeführt. Das Schwefeldioxid wird an dem im Verbrennungsrohr untergebrachten Platinkatalysator zu Schwefeltrioxid oxydiert, das mit dem bei der Verbrennung entstandenen Wasser konz. Schwefelsäure bildet. Diese kondensiert in einem dem Verbrennungsrohr angeschlossenen Absorptionsgefäß. Das überschüssige Schwefeltrioxid vertreibt man aus dem Oleum im Laufe der Spülungsperiode durch Erwärmen. Nach der Ausspülung des Absorbers wird die dem Wasserstoffgehalt der Proben äquivalente Schwefelsäure acidimetrisch titriert.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary A new method for the iodometric determination of the hydrogen content of organic materials has been described. The sample is mixed with powdered sulfur and decomposed at 1200° C in a stream of nitrogen over quartz wool or a platinum-quartz wool catalyst. The sulfur-bearing pyrolysis products yield hydrogen sulfide that is then, absorbed in a zinc sulfate-sodium acetate solution and titrated iodometrically. The optimal reaction conditions were thoroughly studied and also explained from the theoretical standpoint.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Eine neue Methode zur jodometrischen Bestimmung des Wasserstoffgehaltes organischer Verbindungen wird beschrieben. Die Probe wird mit Schwefelpulver vermischt und bei 1200° C im Stickstoff strom über Quarzwolle oder einem Platin- Quarzwollekatalysator zersetzt. Aus den schwefelhaltigen Pyrolyseprodukten bildet sich Schwefelwasserstoff, der in einer Zinksulfat-Natriumacetatlösung absorbiert und jodometrisch titriert wird. Die optimalen Reaktionsbedingungen wurden eingehend untersucht und auch in theoretischer Hinsicht erklärt.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Theoretical and applied genetics 59 (1981), S. 230-230 
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Computational studies are reported of Stieltjes orbitals for Hilbert-space descriptions of discrete and continuum molecular electronic eigenstates. Particular attention is focused on the identification of N → V π(π → π*) and N → Vσ(σ → σ*) intravalence contributions to photoexcitation and ionization spectra in CO and H2CO molecules. Three-dimensional graphical representations of appropriate Stielties orbitals serve to identify the σ → σ* transitions of Mulliken as photoionization resonances above threshold in these compounds, whereas the corresponding π → π* contributions are spectrally localized as familiar discrete excited states. The development illustrates the nature and properties of Stieltjes orbitals, and demonstrates their utility in studies of both discrete and continuum excitation spectra on a common basis.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Computational methods are reported for construction of discrete and continuum Schroedinger states in atoms and molecules employing explicit Hilbert space procedures familiar from bound state studies. As theoretical development, the Schroedinger problem of interest is described, the Cauchy-Lanczos bases and orthonormal polynomials used in constructing L-squared Stieltjes-Tchebycheff (ST) approximations to the discrete and continuum states are defined, and certain properties of these functions are indicated. Advantages and limitations of the ST approach to spectral studies relative to more conventional calculations are discussed, and aspects of the approach in single-channel approximations to larger molecules are described. Procedures are indicated for construction of photoejection anisotropies and for performing coupled-channel calculations employing the ST formalism. Finally, explicit descriptive intercomparisons are made of the nature and diagnostic value of ST functions with more conventional scattering functions.
    Keywords: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS
    Type: Physical Review A - General Physics, 3rd Series (ISSN 0556-2791); 28; Oct. 198
    Format: text
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 1980-02-01
    Print ISSN: 0006-2952
    Electronic ISSN: 1873-2968
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Published by Elsevier
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 1984-10-01
    Print ISSN: 0006-2952
    Electronic ISSN: 1873-2968
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Published by Elsevier
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