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  • 2000-2004  (177)
  • 1980-1984  (151)
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  • 1
    Unknown
    Champaign, Ill : Project Gutenberg
    Keywords: Lincoln, Abraham,, 1809-1865.
    ISBN: 0-585-09937-5
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  • 2
    Call number: ILP/M 06.0353
    In: Publication of the International Lithosphere Programme
    In: Tectonophysics
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: vi, 271 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: [Publication of the International Lithosphere Programme] 381,1-4 : special issue
    Language: English
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0495
    Keywords: Key words Karst terranes ; Electrical resistivity tomography ; Sinkholes ; Pinnacles and cutters
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract  Sinkhole collapse is one of the main limitations on the development of karst areas, especially where bedrock is covered by unconsolidated material. Studies of sinkhole formation have shown that sinkholes are likely to develop in cutter (enlarged joint) zones as a result of subterranean erosion by flowing groundwater. Because of the irregular distribution of pinnacles and cutters on the bedrock surface, uncertainties arise when "hit-or-miss" borehole drilling is used to locate potential collapse sites. A high-resolution geophysical technique capable of depicting the details of the bedrock surface is essential for guiding the drilling program. Dipole-dipole electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was used to map the bedrock surface at a site in southern Indiana where limestone is covered by about 9 m of clayey soils. Forty-nine transects were conducted over an area of approximately 42,037 m2. The electrode spacing was 3 m. The length of the transects varied from 81 to 249 m. The tomographs were interpreted with the aid of soil borings. The repeatability of ERT was evaluated by comparing the rock surface elevations interpreted from pairs of transects where they crossed each other. The average difference was 2.4 m, with a maximum of 10 m. The discrepancy between interpreted bedrock-surface elevations for a transect intersection may be caused by variations in the subsurface geology normal to the transect. Averaging the elevation data interpreted from different transects improved the ERT results. A bedrock surface map was generated using only the averaged elevation data at the transect junctions. The accuracy of the map was further evaluated using data from four exploratory boreholes. The average difference between interpreted and actual bedrock surface-elevations was less than 0.4 m. The map shows two large troughs in the limestone surface: one coinciding with an existing sinkhole basin, while the other is in alignment with a small topographic valley. Because sinkholes were observed at the same elevation interval in similar valleys in the vicinity, the delineated trough may have implications for future land use at the site.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0649
    Keywords: 82.50 ; 33
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-3180
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Classical Mendelian experiments were conducted to determine the genetics and inheritance of quinclorac and acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibitor resistance in a biotype of Galium spurium. Plants were screened with the formulated product of either quinclorac or the ALS-inhibitor, thifensulfuron, at the field dose of 125 or 6 g active ingredient (a.i.) ha−1 respectively. Segregation in the F2 generation indicated that quinclorac resistance was a single, recessive nuclear trait, based on a 1 : 3 segregation ratio [resistant : susceptible (R : S)]. Resistance to ALS inhibitors was due to a single, dominant nuclear trait, segregating in the F2 generation in a 3 : 1 ratio (R : S). The genetic models were confirmed by herbicide screens of F1 and backcrosses between the F1 and the S parent. F2 plants that survived quinclorac treatment set seed and the resulting F3 progeny were screened with either herbicide. Quinclorac-treated F3 plants segregated in a 1 : 0 ratio (R : S), hence F2 progenitors were homozygous for quinclorac resistance. In contrast, F3 progeny segregated into three ratios: 1 : 0, 3 : 1 and 0 : 1 (R : S) in response to ALS-inhibitor treatment. This segregation pattern indicates that their F2 parents were either homozygous or heterozygous for ALS-inhibitor resistance. Therefore, there were clearly two distinct resistance mechanisms encoded by two genes that were not tightly linked as demonstrated by segregation patterns of the F3.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1439-0523
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Broccoli is well recognized as a source of glucosinolates and their isothiocyanate breakdown products. Glucoraphanin is one of the most abundant glucosinolates present in broccoli and its cognate isothiocyanate is sulphoraphane, a potent inducer of mammalian detoxication (phase 2) enzyme activity and anti-cancer agent. This study was designed to measure: glucosinolate levels in broccoli florets from an array of genotypes grown in several environments; the elevation of a key phase 2 enzyme, quinone reductase, in mammalian cells exposed to floret extracts; and total broccoli head content. There were significant environmental and genotype-by-environment effects on levels of glucoraphanin and quinone reductase induction potential of broccoli heads; however, the effect of genotype was greater than that of environmental factors. The relative rankings among genotypes for glucoraphanin and quinone reductase induction potential changed, when expressed on a per head basis, rather than on a concentration basis. Correlations of trait means in one environment vs. means from a second were stronger for glucoraphanin and quinone reductase induction potential on a per head basis than on a fresh weight concentration basis. Results of this study indicate that development of a broccoli phenotype with a dense head and a high concentration of glucoraphanin to deliver maximum chemoprotective potential (high enzyme induction potential/glucoraphanin content) is a feasible goal.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0886
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In situ hybridization experiments on mitotic and lampbrush chromosomes show that histone genes and an associated 222 bp repeated sequence, satellite 1, are located at or near the sphere loci of chromosomes 2 and 6 of the newt Notophthalmus viridescens. During the lampbrush chromosome stage, transcripts of the histone genes and of satellite 1 occur on loops associated with the spheres. Histone genes are located at sites on the mitotic chromosomes of Triturus cristatus and T. alpestris which are consistent with the known positions of spheres on their lampbrush chromosomes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Molar growth yields ; Thermoacidophile ; Respiratory chain energy conservation ; Membrane permeability ; Temperature and pH ; Bacillus acidocaldarius
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The molar yield coefficients (Y glucose, Y O 2) of glucose-limited continuous cultures of the thermoacidophile Bacillus acidocaldarius have been measured as a function of dilution rate as well as over a range of temperature and pH (51°C to 64°C, pH 2.8–5.5) at a fixed dilution rate of approximately 0.1 h-1. The highest growth yields were observed at 51°C and pH〉4.3 (Y glucose 54.8 g cells · mol glucose-1, Y O 2 15.0 g cells · mol O 2 -1 ), but were very much lower than those of mesophilic neutrophiles of similar respiratory chain composition to B. acidocaldarius. Even lower growth yields were observed when the temperature was raised or when the pH was lowered, lowest yields occurring at 64°C and pH 2.8 (Y glucose 23.4 g cells · mol glucose-1, Y O 2 5.9 g cells · mol O 2 -1 ). These decreases in growth yield could be correlated with increases in the permeability of the cytoplasmic membrane to protons, i.e. cells needed to catalyse enhanced rates of substrate oxidation in order to avoid a potentially lethal acidification of the cytoplasm. This strategy appears to be successful in that the specific death rates in situ were very low for all cultures except those growing under the most extreme conditions (64°C, pH 2.8).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0703
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The use of small (1 m3) enclosures for providing data on the persistence and effects of chemicals in freshwater was investigated. The enclosures included an intact water column with its associated flora and fauna and provided water/air and water/sediment interfaces when placed in small ponds. The enclosures provided a means of examining a variety of toxic effects of two chemicals, an insecticide (methyl parathion) and a herbicide (linuron), under relatively natural conditions in a replicated experiment which lasted six weeks. Toxic effects on Zooplankton, macroinvertebrates, and the flora of the enclosures were observed and compared with the results of laboratory toxicity tests and bioassays of water samples collected from the enclosures. The persistence of the two chemicals in the water in the enclosures was followed by chemical analysis and bioassay. Experiments in enclosures could play a role in providing data to be used in the assessment of the hazard posed by chemicals: particularly in cases where the laboratory data on acute toxicity, to single species or simple associations of species, and knowledge of simple physical constants are inadequate to allow assessment of the hazard.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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