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  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Supercritical fluids ; Infrared spectrometry ; Solvent elimination ; Microscopy ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The feasibility of supercritical fluid chromatography/Fourier transform-infrared (SFC/FT-IR) microspectrometry is presented. In this approach to SFC/FT-IR, the chromatographic eluates are aspirated from the restrictor directly onto the surface of a moving window which then passes into the beam focus of an infrared microscope. Because the mobile phase is gaseous at ambient conditions, elimination of the mobile phase is easily accomplished. Detection limits in all interfaces between a chromatograph and an FT-IR spectrometer in which the mobile phase is eliminated are determined in large part by the area over which the sample is deposited. We have shown that SFC eluates can be condensed at ambient temperature into spots of 100 to 200μm in diameter. The microscope interface therefore serves to increase the sensitivity of the SFC/FT-IR measurements of these spots and detection limits in the low nanogram range are possible. Preliminary results obtained before any real attempts were made to optimize the deposition process indicate that identifiable spectra can be obtained in real time at the 50 ng level for chromatographic separations performed with a 100μm i.d. wall coated open tubular column. Reproducible reconstructed chromatograms are obtained as each deposited eluate travels through the beam focus of the microscope. The concentration profile of deposited peaks was determined by IR measurements performed at 50 μm increments over the width of the peak to ascertain the deposition size. The results described in this paper, while not yet optimized, indicate the great potential of SFC/FT-IR microspectrometry.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; Fourier transform infrared spectrometry ; Infrared microscopy ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Micro-HPLC ; TLC as detection technique for column LC ; Diffuse reflectance FTIR ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Identification problems often encountered in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)/Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) can be circumvented through the use of a thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) plate as deposition and infra-red sampling medium. The combination of complementary separation modes is shown to demonstrate increased resolution of the components of complex mixtures. In this particular work, the effluent from a reversed-phase microcolumn is continuously deposited on a TLC plate with alumina stationary phase. The solute remains on the plate as a continuous record of the HPLC separation, which is then analyzed by diffuse reflectance FTIR. When the HPLC separation is inadequate for full separation of the components, the immobilized HPLC chromatogram serves as a starting point for subsequent TLC separation. A number of FTIR reconstructed chromatograms and spectra which are derived from the TLC plate aid in the interpretation.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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