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  • 1
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    Tübingen: Mohr | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyse ; EU-Staaten ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:book
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  • 2
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: It is a well-established tradition to define the subject before embarking on an investigation. In our case, definition is to be concerned with economic development and scientific-technical progress. The former poses no problem in the economist's profession. According to Mirabeau, every moral or physical advance can be grasped by one indicator, which he called the net product. Today, Mirabeau would probably encounter objections as far as the measurement of moral progress by the net product is concerned, although some would argue that also today morals, as well as gods, are always with the winners. Anyhow, real changes in the availability of goods and services is, according to national and international standards, measured by changes in real net social product; conceptual problems - e.g., of how to treat the non-pecuniary costs (environmental pollution) and benefits (value added of housewives) - are, of course, part of every measurement. What matters here is that the approach as such is hardly controversial.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: On the basis of a world matrix of international trade in majorconventional weapons for 1985, a comparison is made between the regional structure of arms trade and the regional structure of trade in civilian goods from a comparable technological background. It turns out that there are striking divergencies between both kinds of trade structures, even within military alliances. These divergencies are then captured by an indicator which is named revealed political preference (RPP). It is argued that introducing a free-trade regime within NATO and other industrialised western countries would make arms trade increase, and, in particular, make the shares of Japan and West Germany in arms exports rise manifold, thereby raising world economic welfare. It is suggested that different hypotheses for explaining world arms-trade structures are relevant according to the region analysed, like the trading-with-the-enemy hypothesis with respect to the arms trade between advanced and less-developed countries, or the military-industrial-complex hypothesis for arms trade within alliances.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Rüstungsgut
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: The paper firsjt presents an analysis of invention performance; as measured by patenting activities, of six countries (France, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, USSR, West Germany) relative to the United States for 41 SIC industries over the past twenty years. It turns out that Non U.S. countries as a whole have increased their (relative) invention performance in all fields of technology, including high technology fields. In the second section hypotheses which can be supposed to explain the relative decline of the United States' patenting activities are discussed and tested. There is strong evidence that catching up processes as well as integration effects contributed most to the relative decrease of the United States; there also is evidence, that government interventions regarding technology production have had counter-productive effects in the United States.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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