AIP Digital Archive
A recent study on low-alloy, nonoriented, semiprocessed electrical steels indicated that at 60 Hz and 15 and 17 kG the anomalous loss per cycle Wa increased linearly with t2/ρ, i.e., Wa=Wao+kt2/ρ, where t is sheet thickness, ρ is resistivity, and Wao and k are empirical constants. The present study explores the above relationship over inductions B of 5 to 17 kG and frequencies f of 20 to 200 Hz. A separation of hysteresis loss Wh into synchronous and asynchronous components is also considered. Six laboratory heats with Si+Al〈1.1 wt. % were hot and cold rolled to 0.035, 0.07, and 0.11 cm. The sheets were annealed, critically strained, and decarburized. Longitudinal strips were tested with dc as well as ac current in a 25-cm Epstein frame. The above linear equation was generally valid. At each combination of B and f, the intercepts Wao were always positive, but the slopes k were negative at 5 and 10 kG and positive at 15 and 17 kG. Furthermore, a fifth of the Wa values were negative. The negative Wa and k were associated with lack of flux penetration. Wh, but not Wa, increased with increasing oxygen and decreasing grain size, and these effects resided in the B1.6 component of Wh.
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