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  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)  (5)
  • Institute of Physics (IOP)
  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd
  • MDPI Publishing
  • 1990-1994  (3)
  • 1985-1989  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The Ca(4p2 1D2) state is prepared in a two-step excitation with linearly polarized lasers. Two different angular wave functions are selected, Y2,0 or (Y2,−1−Y2,1)/, by using parallel or perpendicular laser polarizations, respectively. Subsequent collision with a rare gas atom (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, or Xe) populates the near-resonant Ca(3d4p 1F3) state. The dependence of the collisional energy transfer process is measured as a function of the alignment of the initial 1D2 state wave function with respect to the average relative velocity vector. The laser-selected Y2,0 and (Y2,−1−Y2,1)/ angular wave functions display dramatically different alignment dependences, which are understood by an analysis of the rotation properties of these wave functions. The relative contributions to the cross section of the individual 1D2 sublevels, ML=0, ±1, and ±2, are extracted, and these vary considerably depending on the rare gas. For He, the ML=±2 sublevel (asymptotic Δ molecular state) contributes the most to the total cross section, while for all the other rare gases, the ML=0, ±1 sublevels (asymptotic Σ and Π molecular states, respectively) are more important. The contribution of the ML=0 sublevel increases smoothly with increasing mass of the rare gas collision partner, becoming the largest contributor for Xe.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: The design of "KRION-C'' with an energy of up to 80 keV and preliminary results on the ionization of sulfur and argon ions are presented. The cryogenic electron beam ionizer "KRION-C'' was used as an ion source for the first run with sulfur relativistic nuclei at the accelerating facility of the Laboratory of High Energies (LHE) in Dubna.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: A simple system for beam positioning and spatial distribution diagnostics based on a cooled charge coupled device (CCD) camera, scintillation screen, and optics has been developed. Standard methods of recording beam profiles are different for low and high intensity beams, which complicates readout techniques. The main advantage of our system is its adaptability for intensity range 103–1012 particles/cm2/pulse. The system was tested at the Dubna synchrophasotron complex. Protons and nuclei beam profile and position monitoring in mentioned intensity range and energy range of 10 MeV to 10 GeV was provided. A CCD camera is used in wavelengths interval 400–1100 nm. The hardware, software, and cryogenics of this system are described. Effects of fixed pattern noise and dependence of nonuniformity of response on wavelength are shown and some results of beam diagnostic are presented.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: To gain insight into the mechanism of Na(3p)2P3/2→2P1/2 fine-structure transitions induced by collision with He, we monitor the expectation values of the orbital- and spin-angular momentum vectors, l and s, as a function of time along the trajectory, using a semiclassical formalism. In a typical collision, 〈s〉 remains nearly space-fixed while 〈l〉 precesses about the rotating internuclear axis. Thus, in the interaction region, the projection of 〈l〉 onto the internuclear axis, 〈λ〉, remains nearly constant, and the molecular alignment of the orbital is preserved. We show how equations of motion for the classical analogues of these expectation values agree qualitatively with the quantum equations of motion. A qualitative comparison is also made with the Cs–He system for which the spin–orbit coupling is much stronger. We calculate cross sections for Na(2P3/2)+He→Na(2P1/2)+He as a function of the alignment of the excitation laser polarization with respect to the asymptotic relative velocity vector. For stationary pumping of the excited F=3 hyperfine level, this calculation predicts that the perpendicular alignment gives a cross section which is larger by a factor of 1.8 than that obtained by parallel alignment.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In this paper we present results of coupled channel quantum scattering calculations of the alignment selected j=3/2→ j=1/2 fine structure changing integral cross section for Na(2P)+He. This cross section has in the past been written in terms of a coherent sum of partial wave amplitudes, but we have found that it can be expressed in terms of an incoherent sum of partial cross sections, each labeled by the total angular momentum J and by parity. It is also possible to define an alignment selected wave function for each J such that the azimuthal average of the square of this wave function projected onto each final state is proportional to the magnitude of the partial cross section into that state. This J labeled wave function is thus clearly related to the physical measurables, and we have used it to determine propensities for preservation of asymptotically prepared alignment during collisions. Using a potential surface based on Pascale's ab initio calculations, we find that the alignment ratio σ⊥/σ(parallel) is an increasing function of energy, with a value less than unity at low energy (〈0.01 eV), but increasing quickly to a value of about 2.0 at 0.04 eV and then more slowly at higher energy, up to a value of 2.7 at 0.2 eV (the highest energy considered). Above 0.02 eV, both the alignment ratio and the alignment selected integral cross sections are in good agreement with values calculated in an accompanying semiclassical study (Kovalenko, Leone, and Delos).An examination of the J labeled alignment selected scattering wave functions and of the expectation values of 〈Ω〉, 〈Λ〉, and 〈Σ〉 indicates that at low J when the initial state is prepared with (parallel) polarization, the dominant state at short range is Σ while with ⊥ polarization the dominant state is Π (i.e., asymptotic alignment is preserved). By way of contrast, this propensity for alignment preservation is not seen if fluxes or probability densities associated with alignment selected wave functions labeled by the initial orbital quantum number l (rather than J) are considered. This l labeled result is in accord with recent work by Pouilly and Alexander, but the lack of alignment preservation in this case has no relationship with the alignment cross sections, or with the alignment selected plane wave scattering wave function, since the l labeled wave functions must be coherently combined to generate this information. The orbital scrambling found for the l labeled solutions thus is not related to measurable properties, and instead the correct picture is provided by the J labeled solutions, which do show preservation of alignment. We find that even in the J labeled picture, alignment preservation does not by itself guarantee any specific trend in the alignment ratio for the fine structure transition.
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