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  • 2010-2014  (220)
  • 1985-1989  (244)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-2614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1749-6632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Gamma-ray bursts are intense fluxes of radiation in the 100 keV to several MeV energy range which typically persist for between a fraction of a second to several seconds. The observed spectral shape of these bursts suggest that the radiation is emitted as highly collimated beams emanating from neutron stars. This inference is based on the lack of significant gamma-gamma absorption (which are produced when gamma rays interact with stellar surfaces). The gamma-ray beams may be a consequence of a particle acceleration in double layers in neutron star magnetospheres.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center Double Layers in Astrophysics; p 305
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: A strategy is proposed for controlling aerodynamic instabilities which limit the useful range of both axial and centrifugal turbomachines. Both local and global instabilities (incipient rotating stall and surge) are analyzed. A theory is developed which shows how an additional disturbance, driven from real time data measured within the machine, can be generated so as to realize a device with characteristics fundamentally different from those of the turbomachine without control; for the particular compressor analyzed, the control led to a 20 percent increase in the extent of the stable operating range. The use of structural dynamics to enhance stability is also discussed.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 86-1914
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: State of the art turbomachinery flow analysis codes are not capable of predicting the viscous flow features within turbomachinery blade wakes. Until efficient 3D viscous flow analysis codes become a reality there is therefore a need for models which can describe the generation and transport of blade wakes and the mixing process within the wake. To address the need for experimental data to support the development of such models, high response pressure measurements and laser anemometer velocity measurements have been obtained in the wake of a transonic axial flow fan rotor.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 85-1133
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The effects of rotation on impingement cooling of turbine blades were studied experimentally as a specialized facility at M.I.T. A foil heated resistively was cooled by a jet flow on one side and temperature monitored on the other. Rotating the blade limits the heat transfer path to conduction through the support structure and radiation. IR radiometry furnishes the temperature distributions on the chamber wall, permitting the internal heat transfer coefficient to be measured. The heat transfer efficiency has been found to fall as much as 30 percent as rotational speed increases. The conditions observed confirm the significance of rotational effects, particularly with regard to potential early blade failure.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: AIAA PAPER 85-1217
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: High-frequency response probes which had previously been used exclusively in the MIT Blowndown Facility were successfully employed in two conventional steady state axial flow compressor facilities to investigate the unsteady flowfields of highly loaded transonic compressors at design point operation. Laser anemometry measurements taken simultaneously with the high response data were also analyzed. The time averaged high response data of static and total pressure agreed quite well with the conventional steady state instrumentation except for flow angle which showed a large spread in values at all radii regardless of the type of instrumentation used. In addition, the time resolved measurements confirmed earlier test results obtained in the MIT Blowdown Facility for the same compressor. The results of these tests have further revealed that the flowfields of highly loaded transonic compressors are heavily influenced by unsteady flow phenomena. The high response measurements exhibited large variations in the blade to blade flow and in the blade passage flow. The observed unsteadiness in the blade wakes is explained in terms of the rotor blades' shed vorticity in periodic vortex streets. The wakes were modeled as two-dimensional vortex streets with finite size cores. The model fit the data quite well as it was able to reproduce the average wake shape and bi-modal probability density distributions seen in the laser anemometry data. The presence of vortex streets in the blade wakes also explains the large blade to blade fluctuations seen by the high response probes which is simply due to the intermittent sampling of the vortex street as it is swept past a stationary probe.
    Keywords: AIRCRAFT PROPULSION AND POWER
    Type: NAS 1.26:176879 , NASA-CR-176879
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Impact-induced devolatilization of porous serpentine was investigated using two independent experimental methods, the gas recovery and the solid recovery method, each yielding nearly identical results. For shock pressures near incipient devolatilization, the hydrogen isotopic composition of the evolved H2O is very close to that of the starting material. For shock pressures at which up to 12 percent impact-induced devolatilization occurs, the bulk evolved gas is significantly lower in deuterium than the starting material. There is also significant reduction of H2O to H2 in gases recovered at these higher shock pressures, probably caused by reaction of evolved H2O with the metal gas recovery fixture. Gaseous H2O-H2 isotopic fractionation suggests high temperature isotopic equilibrium between the gaseous species, indicating initiation of devolatilization at sites of greater than average energy deposition. Bulk gas-residual solid isotopic fractionations indicate nonequilibrium, kinetic control of gas-solid isotopic ratios. Impact-induced hydrogen isotopic fractionation of hydrous silicates during accretion can strongly affect the long-term planetary isotopic ratios of planetary bodies, leaving the interiors enriched in deuterium. Depending on the model used for extrapolation of the isotopic fractionation to devolatilization fractions greater than those investigated experimentally can result from this process.
    Keywords: INORGANIC AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
    Type: NASA-CR-182877 , NAS 1.26:182877
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2017-10-02
    Description: The wakes of highly loaded axial compressor blades were often considered to be turbulent, unstructured flows. Recent work has suggested that the blade wakes are in fact dominated by a vortex street-like structure. The work on the wake structure at MIT is reviewed, the results of a viscous numerical simulation are presented, the blade wake vortices are compared to those shed from a cylinder, and the implications of the wake structure on compressor performance are discussed. In particular, a two-dimensional, time accurate, viscous calculation shows both a periodic wake structure and time variations in the passage shock strength. The numerical calculations are compared to laser anemometer and high frequency response probe data. The effect of the wake structure on the entropy production and apparent adiabatic efficiency of the compressor rotor is discussed.
    Keywords: AIRCRAFT PROPULSION AND POWER
    Type: AGARD Transonic and Supersonic Phenomena in Turbomachines; 13 p
    Format: text
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: This paper describes a preliminary study of a method for increasing compressor tolerance in circumferential distortion through asymmetric vane stagger control. The changes in vane stagger about the circumference are used to increase compressor pressure rise and flow capability over part of the annulus and decrease these over the rest. The average pressure rise and flow thus remain roughly constant but the velocity distortion is reduced (and can even be made zero). Calculations are carried out to show the magnitude of the vane motions that must be used, and it is found that significant increases in distoriton attenuation can be achieved with realistic vane swings. In addition, the asymmetric vane stagger scheme leads to a substantial decrease in stall pressure rise loss due to inlet total pressure distortion. This type of control strategy appears worthy of further investigation, both theoretical and experimental.
    Keywords: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
    Type: AIAA PAPER 87-2093
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