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  • 1990-1994  (5)
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Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Experiments in fluids 11 (1991), S. 186-190 
    ISSN: 1432-1114
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract A cylindrical electrodiffusion probe for the measurement of liquid velocity vectors in the plane perpendicular to its axis was developed as an analogue to the triple-split film thermoanemometer. The geometry of the probe enables high directional resolution in the whole range of 360°. The total mass transfer of the probe was well correlated by the relation Sh = 0.76 Sc 0.33 Re 0.47.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1114
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract The influence of eddy shedding on the instantaneous readings of a three-segment cylindrical electrodiffusion velocity probe was investigated in an immersed jet with a very low turbulence intensity, σ = 1.2%. The velocity fluctuations measured by the three-segment probe were smaller than 2.6%, and the maximum error in the flow angle estimation was 2∘. Vortices with the Strouhal frequency were detected by a simple electrodiffusion probe placed downstream of the three-segment probe, but no peaks with this frequency were found on the frequency spectra of the three-segment probe. From the probe response to a stepwise change of the polarization voltage the characteristic times of the transient process were estimated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-8838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Abstract An electrodiffusional three-segment probe was developed with which local axial and radial liquid velocities can be determined. Application of this probe in gas-liquid flow yields information on local gas hold-up. In coalescing media the commonly used redox-system Fe(CN) 6 3− /Fe(CN) 6 4 should be replaced by dissolved oxygen as depolarizer. Measurements of local axial and radial liquid velocity and turbulence intensity in different bubble columns (D = 150 and 600 mm) showed good agreement with data obtained by hotfilm anemometry.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1572-8838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Abstract A three-segment direction specific probe based on the electrodiffusion measuring technique was used to measure local liquid velocities in gas-liquid flow. Dissolved oxygen was employed as depolarizer instead of the usually applied redox system ferro-ferricyanide in water. The concentration of the auxiliary electrolyte K2SO4 was so low that coalescence behaviour of the gas-liquid system was not influenced. It was possible to measure liquid velocities up to ca 100cm s−1. The probe showed satisfying sensitivity to flow direction. Furthermore, unequivocal discrimination between signals from the liquid and gas phases was achieved.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: silicate solution ; water glass ; NMR spectroscopy ; dre adsorption ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The Influence of Temperature and Impurities Addition on the Properties and the Constitution of Sodium Water Glass SolutionsSodium water glass (NaWG-)solutions of constant composition (SiO2/Na2O = 3,3; CSiO2 = 6,2 M) and different concentration of impurities (Fe, Al, Ti, Cu, chloride, sulfate) were investigated in dependence on temperature by means of the dye absorption method, 1H- and 23Na-NMR spectroscopy. It is shown, that the differences in the dye absorption spectra of normalized technical NaWG-solutions, mainly depend on the Fe-concentration in the solutions and their thermal history. From the results follow a crosslinking of polymeric silicate species by Fe—O—Si bonds and/or hydrogen bridges and a fully or partially degradation of these bonds at higher temperatures (150°C).
    Notes: Natriumwasserglas-(NaWG-)lösungen konstanter Zusammensetzung (SiO2/Na2O = 3,3; CSio2 = 6,2 M) und mit unterschiedlichen Fremdatomgehalten (Fe, Al, Ti, Cu, Chlorid, Sulfat) wurden in Abhängigkeit ihrer thermischen Vorbehandlung mit Hilfe der Farbstoffadsorptionsmethode sowie der 1H- und 23Na-NMR-Spektroskopie untersucht. Es zeigt sich, daß die Unterschiede in den Farbstoffspektren normierter technischer NaWG-Lösungen im wesentlichen von dem Fe-Gehalt der Lösungen und ihrer „thermischen Vergangenheit“ abhängen. Die Ergebnisse der Farbstoffmethode und NMR deuten darauf hin, daß in Fe-haltigen NaWG-Lösungen bei 80°C Vernetzungen der polymeren Silicatteilchen über Fe—O—Si-Bindungen und/oder Wasserstoffbrückenbindungen erfolgen, die bei höheren Temperaturen (150°C) wieder ganz oder teilweise gelöst werden.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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