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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (3)
  • 1990-1994  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The thermal degradation of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) was studied by dynamic thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in the range 200-600°C under nitrogen and oxygen atmospheres at various heating rates. The apparent activation energy of the degradative process was determined by the application of kinetic treatments, giving an average value of 242 kj/mol in N2, whereas in the presence of oxygen, two trends may be considered: At relatively low temperatures (200-400°C) and degrees of conversion, α, lower than 0.5, we obtained an average value of 199 kj/mol, whereas in the temperature interval 400-600°C with degrees of conversion higher than 0.5, the value of Ea was 306 kj/mol. Isothermal experiments carried out in N2 in the interval 350-400°C gave an average value of Ea = 231 kj/mol, in good agreement with that obtained from dynamic treatments. The FTIR spectra of the volatile compounds evolved in degradation experiments carried out in N2 as well as in the presence of oxygen suggest that PVP is thermally degraded, predominantly, by the release of the pyrrolidone side group and the subsequent decomposition of polyenic sequences. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The curing reaction of bisphenol A epoxy resin has been widely studied. We have found that when initial reactants are highly pure the reaction epoxy resin/m-xylylenediamine follows a predominantly autocatalytic path independent of the temperature. The purpose of this study was to discern if the kinetic model is appliable at high values of amine/epoxy equivalent ratio. Because of the nature and reactivity of m-xylylenediamine (m-XDA), the studies were carried out at low temperatures. Also, in order to obtain information about the formation mechanism of the system, different parameters such as reaction orders, activation energies, and reaction rate variation with concentration have been studied at different (1.5 : 1, 2 : 1, and 3 : 1) amine/epoxy equivalent ratios. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Different isolated or competitive mechanisms have been experimentally observed in order to predict the kinetics of an epoxy - amine reaction in terms of various mathematical models based on different possibilities of reaction. Impurities such as water, glycols, and in general all donors of active hydrogen even at low concentrations significantly change the course of the reaction. We therefore decided to study the curing reaction of the epoxy resin, first as a commercial product and later purified, with m-xylylenediamine of known purity. The extent of cure has been followed and determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Purity, epoxy content and OH content were measured by liquid chromatography HPLC and wet analysis.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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