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  • 1990-1994  (14)
  • 1965-1969  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: This letter compares the effects of two different oxidation techniques, i.e., rapid thermal and conventional wet (steam) oxidations, on the dielectric breakdown and charge trapping characteristics of thin Si3N4 films deposited on rapid thermally nitrided polycrystalline silicon. Results show that, in addition to the low thermal budget, rapid-thermal-oxidized Si3N4 shows superior time-dependent dielectric breakdown characteristics in terms of reduced defect densities and improved film intrinsic properties. Compared to wet-oxidized dielectrics, suppressed charge trapping is observed for rapid-thermal-oxidized Si3N4 stacked dielectrics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 67 (1990), S. 2359-2363 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The fabrication of n+ and p+ silicon thin film by using a combination of "spin-on-glass'' and XeCl excimer-laser doping is described. The doping can be achieved by rapid dopant atom diffusion into molten silicon from a spin-coated film containing the dopant. This technology offers the advantages of process simplicity, low processing temperature, and ultrashallow high-concentration doping. The obtained sheet resistances (2 kΩ/(D'Alembertian) for n+ and 9 kΩ/(D'Alembertian) for p+) are acceptable for thin-film transistors (TFTs). The energy required for doping into a thin film was less than half of that for a silicon wafer. This is mainly due to the absorption rate difference between noncrystalline and crystalline silicon. This process appears extremely promising for TFT fabrication.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Fluids 4 (1992), S. 2929-2933 
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Stability against the interchange mode in heliotron devices is investigated, taking into account the effects of the resistivity, current diffusivity, ion viscosity, and thermal diffusivity. Critical beta for the low-mode-number stability is found at the finite beta value. For the range of plasma parameters of the present experiments, the resistive mode and current diffusive mode set comparable critical beta values, which are consistent with experimental observations. In future high-temperature plasmas, the current-diffusive mode could be important in determining the stability limit for the global mode.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Fluids 5 (1993), S. 3702-3711 
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The current-diffusive ballooning mode is analyzed in the tokamak plasma. This mode is destabilized by the current diffusivity (i.e., the electron viscosity) and stabilized by the thermal conductivity and ion viscosity. By use of the ballooning transformation, the eigenmode equation is solved. An analytic solution is obtained by the strong ballooning limit. Numerical calculation is also performed to confirm the analytic theory. The growth rate of the mode and the mode structure are analyzed. The stability boundary is derived in terms of the current diffusivity, thermal conductivity, ion viscosity, and the pressure gradient for the given shear parameter. This result is applied to express the thermal conductivity in terms of the pressure gradient, magnetic configurational parameters (such as the safety factor, shear, and aspect ratio), and the Prandtl numbers.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Fluids 3 (1991), S. 1294-1296 
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: An analytic formula is derived for the loss cone in toroidal helical systems. Particular emphasis is put on the loss region for the particles that are barely trapped in the helical ripples. Effects of the radial electric field and shifts of the magnetic axis are discussed. Comparison with the numerical calculation confirms that the simple analytic formula gives good approximations.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Plasmas 1 (1994), S. 116-119 
    ISSN: 1089-7674
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The poloidal rotation velocity profiles both in low-confinement (L) and high-confinement (H) mode measured in JAERI Fusion Torus 2 Modified (JFT-2M) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1364 (1990)] are compared with H-mode models based on ion orbit loss. The profiles of poloidal rotation velocity measured in L and H modes are consistent with the calculation which consists of ion orbit loss model. The observed dependence of the thickness of the layer of high shear Er on poloidal gyroradius is explained by the radial transport of poloidal rotation velocity.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1089-7623
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: A new type of neutron spectrometer, which is called COTETRA (counter telescope with thick radiator), has been developed for diagnosing DT fusion plasma. It is based on the recoil proton measurement and has such advantages as: (1) direct measurement of the neutron energy without the unfolding procedure, (2) sufficiently fine energy resolution and high detection efficiency for 14 MeV neutrons, (3) wide dynamic range of counting rate, and (4) good n–γ discrimination. A prototype of COTETRA was constructed and tested using a DT neutron accelerator. The energy resolution of 5.3%±0.9% was obtained for 14 MeV neutron with the detection efficiency of 1.3×10−4 [counts/(n/cm2)]. A Monte Carlo simulation code was developed and the performances of COTETRA were examined. The calculation agrees with the results of the experiment within its margin of error and suggests that energy resolution up to 3% with a detection efficiency of 10−5 [counts/(n/cm2)] could be achieved if the condition of the radiator could be successfully adjusted.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Fluids 5 (1993), S. 3299-3303 
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A theory of the self-sustained turbulence is developed for resistive plasma in toroidal devices. Pseudoclassical confinement is obtained in the low-temperature limit. As temperature increases, the current diffusivity prevails upon resistivity, and the turbulence nature changes so as to recover the L-mode transport. Comparison with experimental observation on this transition is made. The Hartmann number is also given.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1254
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geography , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Verteilung der Fettsäuren im subcutanen Fett des Menschen wurde gaschromatographisch bestimmt. Die Fettproben wurden in einer Klinik im Norden Japans bei Operationen entnommen. Der prozentuale Anteil an gesättigten Fettsäuren war höher im Fett der Brust und Bauchwand und der an einfach ungesättigten Fettsäuren im Fett des Vorderarms und Beines. Die Anreicherung ungesättigter Fettsäuren in den Extremitäten war im Winter ausgeprägter als im Sommer. In der Zusammensetzung der Fett des Rumpfes fehlte eine jahreszeitenabhängige Variation.
    Abstract: Resume Par analyse chromatographique des gaz, on a déterminé la répartition des acides gras dans les tissus adipeux sous-cutanés de l'homme. Les échantillons de graisse ont été prélevés lors d'opérations dans une clinique du nord du Japon. La proportion d'acides gras saturés était plus élevée dans la graisse de la poitrine et du ventre, alors que les acides gras mono-nonsatures l'emportaient dans l'avant-bras et dans les jambes. L'accumulation d'acides gras non saturés dans les extrémités était plus accentuée en hiver qu'en été. On n'a par contre pas pu établir de relation saisonnière dans la composition de la graisse du tronc.
    Notes: Abstract The fatty acid composition of human subcutaneous fat obtained at a hospital in the north of Japan, was determined by means of gas chromatography. In the fat of chest and abdominal walls percentages of saturated fatty acids were higher and those of mono-unsaturated ones were less in comparison with respective values in the fat of forearm and leg. The unsaturation of the fat of extremities was more pronounced in the winter than in the summer, while no seasonal variations were observed in the fatty acid composition of the fat of trunk.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1520-6904
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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