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  • 2000-2004  (107)
  • 1990-1994  (144)
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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    Call number: PIK B 020-00-0361
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 148 p.
    Edition: 1. ed.
    ISBN: 0521620082
    Branch Library: PIK Library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-3904
    Keywords: dipeptide analogues ; epimerization ; imidazolide-derived dipeptides ; keto esters
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract β-Keto esters derived from dipeptides areprepared by application of common methodologiesemployed for the synthesis of amino acid-derivedβ-keto esters; however, epimerization of theC-terminal residue occurred to different extentsdepending on the method. In imidazolide activateddipeptides, this epimerization is due to the CDIactivation step and to the configurational instabilityof the intermediate imidazolides in different reactionmedia. Regarding yield and diastereomeric purity, themethod of choice proved to be the reaction ofdipeptide-derived imidazolide with the potassium saltof malonic half esters in the presence of MgCl2.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-3904
    Keywords: dipeptide analogues ; epimerization ; imidazolide-derived dipeptides ; keto esters
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary β-Keto esters derived from dipeptides are prepared by application of common methodologies employed for the synthesis of amino acid-derived β-keto esters; however, epimerization of the C-terminal residue occurred to different extents depending on the method. In imidazolide activated dipeptides, this epimerization is due to the CDI activation step and to the configurational instability of the intermediate imidazolides in different reaction media. Regarding yield and diastereomeric purity, the method of choice proved to be the reaction of dipeptide-derived imidazolide with the potassium salt of malonic half esters in the presence of MgCl2.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: We report on the high resolution ultraviolet line profile evolution of Nova Cygni 1992 using the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite and the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Our observations cover the period from discovery in 1992 February through 1993 April. The initial expansion velocity, derived from P Cyg profiles on Mg II and other resonance lines, was about 4500 km/s. All resonance transitions displayed P Cyg profiles around the time of UV maximum. We first discuss the spectral development as the initially optically thick atomic absorption curtain became optically thin. We then present the interpretation of the nebular spectral stage. The high resolution line profiles show that the shell rapidly developed nearly symmetric knots, or filaments, of emission. The optically thin transitions show an emission weighted expansion velocity of about 1800 km/s, consistent with the velocity inferred from the radio and infrared data. The emission lines display a symmetric set of filaments that appeared as soon as the line profiles became optically thin. The GHRS observations demonstrate that the filaments were located in the inner, slower moving parts of the ejecta. These probably record an initial low wave number instability imposed on the ejecta at the time of outburst. We suggest that the likely cause is a Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The emission at later stages is dominated by the filaments and, since this phenomenon is seen in virtually all novae, nebular line formation codes will have to account for the density inhomgeneities in order to adequately determine abundances for nove ejecta.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: The Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 106; 6; p. 2408-2428
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: We report on combined ultraviolet and optical observations of early stages of the outburst of Nova Cygni 1992. We show that the initial optical rise and decline were produced by the dramatic increase in UV line opacity and its gradual subsequent lifting as the ejecta expand. The source of the M(sub v) - t(sub 3) relation is easily understood in light of these low-resolution UV spectra. The multiwavelength data confirm the theoretical prediction that a nova evolves at a constant bolometric luminosity in the early stages of outburst. We verify the prediction for this nova for at least the first month of the outburst. The detection of far-UV radiation with the Voyager Ultraviolet Spectrometer and the detection of an increasing X-ray flux with Roentgen Satellite (ROSAT) imply that this phase lasted for more than 6 months.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 421; 1; p. 344-349
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-29
    Description: IUE (International Ultraviolet Explorer) observations were made around the orbits of three Algol-type binaries: R Arae, U Cephei and Algol. These stars were selected to represent, respectively, the rapid, moderate and slow phases of mass transfer and mass loss in Algols. The data was obtained to derive maps of gas flow and mass loss, to study accretion processes and kinetic heating, and to investigate the importance of magnetic fields in these systems. Continuous observations were made from GSFC and VILSPA over 4 1/3 consecutive days during 10 to 14 Sep. 1989. A total of 100 spectra are obtained. This is the first time that Algol systems are observed continuously over their orbits with IUE. Initial results from this program are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: ESA, Evolution in Astrophysics: IUE Astronomy in the Era of New Space Missions; p 383-386
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are very interesting materials because of their morphology, electronic and mechanical properties. Its morphology (high length-to-diameter ratio) and electronic properties suggest potential application of SWNTs as anode material for lithium ion secondary batteries. The introduction of SWNTs on these types of sources systems will improve their performance, efficiency, and capacity to store energy. A purification method has been applied for the removal of iron and amorphous carbon from the nanotubes. Unpurified and purified SWNTs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In order to attach carbon nanotubes on platinum electrode surfaces, a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP) was deposited over the electrodes. The amino-terminated SAM obtained was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Fourier-transforms infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Carbon nanotubes were deposited over the amino-terminated SAM by an amide bond formed between SAM amino groups and carboxylic acid groups at the open ends of the carbon nanotubes.This deposition was characterized using Raman spectroscopy and Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM).
    Keywords: Composite Materials
    Type: Materials Research Society 2003 Fall Meeting; 1-5 Dec. 2003; Boston, MA; United States
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-08-28
    Description: A test facility for conducting scaled advanced nozzle and engine component research is described. The CE-22 test facility, located in the Engine Research Building of the NASA Lewis Research Center, contains many systems for the economical testing of advanced scale-model nozzles and engine components. The combustion air and altitude exhaust systems are described. Combustion air can be supplied to a model up to 40 psig for primary air flow, and 40, 125, and 450 psig for secondary air flow. Altitude exhaust can be simulated up to 48,000 ft, or the exhaust can be atmospheric. Descriptions of the multiaxis thrust stand, a color schlieren flow visualization system used for qualitative flow analysis, a labyrinth flow measurement system, a data acquisition system, and auxiliary systems are discussed. Model recommeded design information and temperature and pressure instrumentation recommendations are included.
    Keywords: RESEARCH AND SUPPORT FACILITIES (AIR)
    Type: AIAA PAPER 92-3993
    Format: text
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-08-27
    Description: In this paper we describe the evolution of Nova Cas 1993 over the first two months of its outburst. We present an ultraviolet light curve that covers the period from announcement to just after dust began forming in the ejecta (1994 Feb. 15) and International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) spacecraft constraints forced us to halt our observations. We have used spherical, expanding, Non-local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (NLTE) stellar atmospheres to compute synthetic spectra and have compared the results to combined ultraviolet (low-resolution 1200-3400 A and high-resolution 2400-3300 A) spectra. Our fits show that the effective temperature of the ejecta increased from approx. 8000 to about approx. 16 000 K between 1993 Dec. 12 and 1993 Dec. 26. The temperature then increased more slowly to approx. 24 000 on 1994 Jan. 28. A preliminary abundance analysis shows evidence for hydrogen depletion, as we also found for Nova V1974 Cygni; however we find a larger enhancement of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. We also show that the principal mechanism for mass ejection in this nova is a radiation pressure driven wind and that mechanical driving is not necessary.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: The Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 108; 3; p. 1008-1015
    Format: text
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2001-12-18
    Description: In doubly connected superconductors, such as hollow cylinders, the fluxoid is known to be quantized, allowing the superfluid velocity to be controlled by an applied magnetic flux and the sample size. The sample-size-induced increase in superfluid velocity has been predicted to lead to the destruction of superconductivity around half-integer flux quanta. We report transport measurements in ultrathin Al and Au0.7In0.3 cylinders verifying the presence of this destructive regime characterized by the loss of the global phase coherence and reveal a phase diagram featuring disconnected phase coherent regions, as opposed to the single region seen in larger superconducting cylinders studied previously.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Liu, Y -- Zadorozhny, Y -- Rosario, M M -- Rock, B Y -- Carrigan, P T -- Wang, H -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2001 Dec 14;294(5550):2332-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. liu@phys.psu.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11743195" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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