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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 622 (1996), S. 1035-1037 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Titanium diboride ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: H—TiO or TiB2? - A CorrectionReinvestigations of “H—TiO” single crystals and the comparison with measurements of TiB2 crystals have shown that “H—TiO” in fact is titanium diboride.
    Notes: Eine erneute Untersuchung der Einkristalle von „H—TiO“ und der Vergleich mit Messungen an TiB2-Kristallen hat gezeigt, daß es sich bei „H—TiO“ um Titandiborid handelte.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P)2P] ; Li(TMEDA)[η2-(tBu2P)2P] ; Li(THF)2[η2-(iPr2P)2P] ; Li(THF)2[η2-(Et2N)2P—P—PtBu2] ; Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P—P—PiPr2)] ; (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3 ; crystal structures ; 1H, 31P, 7Li-NMR spectra ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Formation and Structure of Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P)2P], Li(TMEDA)[η2-(tBu2P)2P], Li(THF)2[η2-(iPr2P)2P], Li(THF)2[η2-(Et2N)2P—P—PtBu2], Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P—P—PiPr2] and (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3The formation and crystal structures of the compounds (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3 1, Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P)2P] 2, Li(TMEDA)[η2-(tBu2P)2P] 3, Li(THF)2[η2-(iPr2P)2P] 4, Li(THF)2[η2-(Et2N)2P—P—PtBu2] 5 and Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P—P—PiPr2)] 6 are reported. Compounds 3-6 are formed by reacting the corresponding silylated triphosphanes with nBuLi: 2 and 3 result from (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3 1, 4 from (iPrP)2P—SiMe3, 5 from (Et2N)2P—P(SiMe3)—PtBu2 and 6 from tBu2P—P(SiMe3)—PiPr2. 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group P212121 (no. 19) with a = 910.87(7) pm, b = 1132.5(1) pm, c = 2373.5(2) pm (determined at 90 K). The structure determination of 2 was performed at 293 K and 200 K, respectively. 2 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/n (no. 14) with a = 1069.7(3) pm, b = 1802.5(3) pm, c = 1604.0(7) pm, β = 98.11(2)° (200 K); 3 also in P21/n (no. 14) with a = 904.3(2) pm, b = 1936.4(5) pm, c = 1653.2(3) pm, β = 94.52(1)° (200 K). 4 crystallizes monoclinically in C2/c (no. 15) with a = 1650.0(5) pm, b = 945.6(3) pm, c = 1779.8(5) pm, β = 108.81(2)° (200 K); 5 in P21/n (no. 14) with a = 939.4(5) pm, b = 1736.8(6) pm, c = 1943.3(7) pm, β = 98.17(4)° (200 K). All compounds contain Z = 4 molecules in the unit cell.The 1H, 31P and 7Li NMR spectra of 2-6 are discussed.
    Notes: Es wird über die Verbindungen (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3 1, Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P)2P] 2, Li(TMEDA) · [η2-(tBu2P)2P] 3, Li(THF)2[η2-(iPr2P)2P] 4, Li(THF)2[η2-(Et2N)2P—P—PtBu2] 5 und Li(THF)2[η2-(tBu2P—P—PiPr2)] 6 berichtet. Letztere bilden sich durch Umsetzung der entsprechenden silylierten Triphosphane mit nBuLi: 2 und 3 aus (tBu2P)2P—SiMe3 1, 4 aus (iPr2P)2P—SiMe3, 5 aus (Et2N)2—P · (SiMe3)—PtBu2, 6 aus tBu2P—P(SiMe3)—PiPr2.1 kristallisiert orthorhombisch in P212121 (Nr. 19) mit a = 910,87(7) pm, b = 1132,5(1) pm, c = 2373,5(2) pm (bei 90 K bestimmt). Die Strukturbestimmung von 2 erfolgte bei 293 K und 200 K. 2 kristallisiert monoklin in P21/n (Nr. 14) mit a = 1069,7(3) pm, b = 1802,5(3) pm, c = 1604,0(7) pm, β = 98,11(2)° (200 K), 3 ebenfalls in P21/n (Nr. 14) mit a = 904,3(2) pm, b = 1936,4(5) pm, c = 1653,2(3) pm, β = 94,52(1)° (200 K). 4 kristallisiert monoklin in C2/c (Nr. 15) mit a = 1650,0(5) pm, b = 945,6(3) pm, c = 1779,8(5) pm, β = 108,81(2)° (200K), 5 in P21/n (Nr. 14) mit a = 939,4(5) pm, b = 1736,8(6) pm, c = 1943,3(7) pm, β = 98,17(4)° (200 K). Alle fünf Verbindungen enthalten jeweils vier Formeleinheiten in der Elementarzelle.Es wird über die Untersuchung der 1H-, 31P- und 7Li-NMR-Spektren der Verbindungen 2-6 berichtet.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Alkali metal germanides and stannides ; Zintl cluster anions ; Vibrational spectra ; Thermal decomposition ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The binary germanides M12Ge17 and M4Ge9 (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs) and the stannides M12Sn17 and M4Sn9 (M = K, Rb, Cs) were identified by a combination of direct synthesis, thermogravimetric analysis, vibrational spectroscopy, X-ray powder data and single crystal structure analysis. The M12E17 phases contain the cluster anions [E9]4- and [E4]4- in the ratio 1:2, forming a hierarchical structure with the cluster anions at the atomic positions of the hexagonal Laves phase MgZn2. Like the M4E4 phases, the M4Ge9 compounds are hierarchical derivatives of the cubic Cr3Si structure but with [Ge9]4- anions. The thermogravimetric analyses give strong evidence for the existence of at least one more phase with [E9]4- and [E4]4- clusters and of the clathrate phases M6E136 in addition to the well-known M8E44□2 chlathrates.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: TlEu[PS4] ; Tetrathiophosphate(V) ; Crystal Structure ; Vibrational Spectrum ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Kristallstruktur und Schwingungsspektrum von Thallium(I)-Europium(II)-tetrathiophosphat(V), TlEu[PS4]TlEu[PS4] wurde aus den Elementen bei 1 150 K in einer evakuierten Quarzampulle dargestellt. Die Verbindung bildet transparente, orangefarbene, luft- und feuchtigkeitsbeständige Nadeln, die orthorhombisch, Pnma (Nr. 62) mit a = 12,157(2), b = 6,581(1), c = 8,802(2) Å, Z = 4 kristallisieren. Charakteristisch sind diskrete [PS4]3--Anionen, die durch Tl+ und Eu2+ verbunden sind. Sie sind verzerrt tetraedrisch mit P—S-Abständen zwischen 2,028 und 2,043 Å und so angeordnet, daß Liganden benachbarter Gruppen trigonale S6-Prismen bilden, entlang [0 0 1] zu Säulen verknüpft, die parallel (1 0 0) über gemeinsame Kanten zu gewellten Schichten kondensiert sind. Dazwischen sind leere, verzerrte Halbwürfel und zur Hälfte mit P-Atomen besetzte Tetraederlücken Durch die alternierende Besetzung mit Tl+ und Eu2+ sind diese Prismen leicht verzerrt. Man kann daher diese Struktur als eine geordnete, teilweise aufgefüllte Überstruktur des InNi2-Typs auffassen (InInNi4□2tet ≙ TlEuS4P□1tet), aber auch als zentrosymmetrische Variante der TlSn[PS4]-Struktur (Raumgruppe Pna21). Das Schwingungsspektrum entspricht der Strukturbestimmung, die beobachteten Raman- und Infrarotbanden lassen sich zwanglos auf der Basis von [PS4]3- -Einheiten mit C2v-Symmetrie zuordnen.
    Notes: TlEu[PS4] was synthesized from the elements in a sealed quartz ampoule at 1 150 K. The compound forms transparent orange needles, stable in air and moisture. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, space group Pnma (No. 62), with cell dimensions a = 12.157(2), b = 6.581(1), c = 8.802(2) Å, Z = 4. The crystal structure consists of discrete [PS4]3- anions interconnected by Tl+ and Eu2+. The tetrahedral [PS4]3- groups are slightly distorted with P—S bond lengths in the range 2.028 to 2.043 Å. These tetrahedral anions are arranged in such a way that the sulfur atoms form columns of distorted trigonal S6 prisms along [0 0 1]. The columns are condensed via common edges to puckered layers parallel to (1 0 0). The interlayer region consists of empty distorted half-cubes and tetrahedral holes, half of them filled by P atoms. The trigonal prisms in the columns are centered alternately by Tl+ and Eu2+. In this way, the structure can be regarded as an ordered superstructure of the InNi2 type, where half of the tetrahedral holes are filled by phosphorus atoms: InInNi4□2tet ≙ TlEuS4P□1tet. TlEu[PS4] is a centrosymmetric variant of the TlSn[PS4] structure type (space group Pna21). The vibrational spectrum is in accordance with the X-ray crystal structure, the Raman and infrared vibrations are assigned on the basis of [PS4]3- units with C2v symmetry.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Zintl phases with anionic Rb, Na, Au and I ; (ARb6)5+ octahedra ; Sr11Ir4 type ; Li3Bi defect variants ; electrostatic potentials ; volume increments ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The Cubic Phases Na16(ARb6)Sb7, Compounds with the Anions A = Rb-, Na-, Au-, I-The novel compounds Na16(ARb6)Sb7 have been synthesized from the elements in sealed Nb ampoules at 873 K (A = Rb) and 823 K (A = I, Na, Au). They form brittle cuboctahedra (silver metallic; A = Rb) and irregular polyhedra (silver metallic lustre; A = Na, I; golden metallic lustre; A = Au). They rapidly decompose in moist air to gray products. Their crystal structures have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography (A = Rb: a = 1565.8(2) pm; A = I: a = 1563.3(2) pm; A = Na: a = 1562.6(2) pm; A = Au: a = 1560.7(2) pm). They crystallize cubically in the space group Fm3m (no. 225) with Z = 4 formula units and are isotypic with Sc11Ir4. The compounds are ZINTL phases and their structures can be described as an eightfold defect variant of the Li3Bi type of structure (cF128-8; a = 2a′(Li3Bi)). The Sb atoms form a network of cuboctahedra, centered alternatingly by a SbNa8 cube or a ARb6 octahedron. Main structural features are the anions A- within the Rb6 octahedron. Supporting the existence of A- are the isotypical compounds with the more common anion forming elements (A = Au, I), as well as electrostatic potential considerations together with calculations of the volume increments. The semiconducting properties (Eg = 0.33 eV) of Na16(RbRb6)Sb7, as well as the diamagnetism χmol = -508 × 10-6 cm3 mol-1, are in accordance with those to be expected from the Zintl concept.
    Notes: Die neuartigen Verbindungen Na16(ARb6)Sb7 wurden aus den entsprechenden Elementen in verschweißten Nb-Ampullen bei 873 K (A = Rb) bzw. 823 K (A = I, Na, Au) dargestellt. Sie bilden spröde silberfarbene Kuboktaeder (A = Rb) bzw. unregelmäßige Polyeder (silberglänzend: A = Na, I; metallisch golden glänzend: A = Au). Die Verbindungen zersetzen sich schnell an feuchter Luft zu grauen Produkten. Die Kristallstrukturen wurden an Einkristallen bestimmt (A = Rb: a = 1565,8(2) pm; A = I: a = 1563,3(2) pm; A = Na: a = 1562,6(2) pm; A = Au: a = 1560,7(2) pm). Sie kristallisieren in der Raumgruppe Fm3m (Nr. 225) mit Z = 4 Formeleinheiten und sind isotyp zu Sc11Ir4. Die Verbindungen sind Zintl-Phasen, deren Strukturen als achtfache Defektvariante der Li3Bi-Struktur (cF128-8; a = 2a′ (Li3Bi)) beschrieben werden können. Die Sb-Atome bilden ein Netz von Kuboktaedern, die abwechselnd durch SbNa8-Würfel bzw. durch ARb6-Oktaeder zentriert werden. Wesentliches Strukturmerkmal sind die A--Anionen im Rb6-Oktaeder, deren Existenz durch die Darstellung der isotypen Verbindungen mit typischen Anionenbildnern (A = Au, I), durch elektrostatische Betrachtungen und Berechnungen der Volumeninkremente manifestiert wird. Im Einklang mit den nach dem Zintl-Konzept zu erwartenden elektronischen Eigenschaften ist Na16(RbRb6)Sb7 ein diamagnetischer Halbleiter mit Eg = 0,33 eV und χmol = -508 × 10-6 cm3 mol-1.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Asymmetric [As3]7- anion ; Zintl phase ; defect Ca14AlSb11 structure ; tetraarsaniobate(V) anion ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Sr13□NbAs11 und Eu13□NbAs11, Defektvarianten der Ca14AlSb11-Struktur mit asymmetrischen [As3]7--AnionenDie neuen Verbindungen Sr13NbAs11 und Eu13NbAs11 wurden aus den Elementen Sr, Nb und As sowie den binären Komponenten SrAs und Eu5As4 synthetisiert (Niobampullen; 1173 - 1273 K). Die tetragonalen tI 200-Phasen sind Defektvarianten der Ca14AlSb11-Struktur (Raumgruppe I41/acd (Nr. 142); Sr13□NbAs11: a = 1649.8(2) und c = 2214.1(3); Eu13□NbAs11: a = 1632.9(8) und c = 2197.3(8) pm; Z = 8). Die Strukturen sind aufgebaut aus den Kationen Sr2+ und Eu2+, den Anionen [NbAs4]7- und As3- sowie dem linearen Polyanion [As3]7-. Das Polyanion (isoster mit I3-) ist asymmetrisch mit den Bindungslängen d(As—As) = 273.0 und 346.0 pm (Sr) bzw. d(As—As) = 274.7 und 335.6 pm (Eu). Die Bindungslängen in den tetraedrischen Anionen betragen d(Nb—As) = 250.8 bzw. 251.1 pm. Die gesamte strukturelle Anordnung entspricht derjenigen von Cu2O durch die Ausbildung zweier sich durchdringender Netzwerke. Dabei werden die O-Atome durch As4-Tetraeder ersetzt (zentriert durch Nb) und die Cu-Atome durch As6-Oktaeder (zentriert durch Sr bzw. Eu). Die zentralen As-Atome der Polyanionen verbinden die Netze miteinander. Beide As-Netze werden von den restlichen Kationen eingehüllt, welche Würfel, tetragonale Antiprismen und überkappte trigonale Prismen ausbilden.
    Notes: The novel compounds Sr13NbAs11 and Eu13NbAs11 have been synthesized from SrAs, Eu5As4, Sr, Nb and As in niobium ampoules at 1173-1273 K. The tetragonal tI 200 phases are defect variants of the Ca14AlSb11 structure (space group I41/acd (no. 142); Sr13□NbAs11: a = 1649.8(2) and c = 2214.1(3); Eu13□NbAs11: a = 1632.9(8) and c = 2197.3(8) pm; Z = 8). The structures are built from the cations Sr2+, and Eu2+, respectively, and from the anions [NbAs4]7-, As3-, and the linear polyanion [As3]7-. This polyanion (isosteric to I3-) is asymmetric with d(As—As) = 273.0 and 346.0 pm (Sr) and 274.7 and 335.6 pm (Eu), respectively. The bond lengths in the tetrahedral anions are d(Nb—As) = 250.8 and 251.1 pm. The complete structural arrangement is related to that of Cu2O by forming two interpenetrating networks. The oxygen atoms are substituted by niobium centered As4 tetrahedra, and the Cu atoms are substituted by As6 octahedra (centered by Sr, Eu). The central As atoms of the polyanions connect the nets. Both As networks are enveloped by the remaining cations forming cubes, tetragonal antiprisms and capped trigonal prisms.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Tetrapnictidometallates(IV) ; Tetrapnictidotantalates(V) ; Na6ZnO4 structure type ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: New Tetrapnictidometallates of Silicon, Germanium, Tin, and Tantalum with the Na6ZnO4 StructureThe tetrapnictidometallates(IV) Na3M3EIVX4 (M = Na/Ca, Na/Sr, Na/Eu; E = Si, Ge, Sn and X = P, As) were prepared from NaX, M′X (M′ = Ca, Sr, Eu) and elemental E in tantalum ampoules at temperature of 1270 K. The tetrapnictidotantalates(V) Na3(Na2Eu)TaP4 and Na3(Na2Eu)TaAs4 were formed by a reaction with the walls of the ampoule. All compounds crystallise hexagonal in the Na6ZnO4 structure type hP22 (P63mc; no. 186; Z = 2) with polar orientated tetrahedron anions [SiX4]8-, [GeX4]8-, [SnX4]8- and [TaX4]7-. The average bondlengths are: d̄(Si—P) = 230.4 pm; d̄(Si—As) = 239.9 pm; d̄(Ge—P) = 237.1 pm; (Ge—As) = 247.8 pm; d̄(Sn—P) = 252.3 pm; d̄(Sn—As) = 261.4 pm; d̄(Ta—P) = 238.3 pm; d̄(Ta—As) = 247.4 pm.
    Notes: Die Tetrapnictidometallate(IV) Na3M3EIVX4 (M = Na/Ca, Na/Sr, Na/Eu; E = Si, Ge, Sn und X = P, As) wurden aus NaX, M'X (M′ = Ca, Sr, Eu) und elementarem E (Tantalampullen, 1270 K) synthetisiert. Die Tetrapnictidotantalate(V) Na3(Na2Eu)TaP4 und Na3(Na2Eu)TaAs4 entstanden bei Wandreaktionen mit dem Ampullenmaterial. Alle Verbindungen kristallisieren hexagonal im Na6ZnO4-Strukturtyp hP22 (P63mc, Nr. 186, Z = 2) mit polar ausgerichteten Tetraederanionen [SiX4]8-, [GeX4]8-, [SnX4]8- und [TaX44]7-. Die mittleren Bindungslängen sind: d̄(Si—P) = 230.4 pm, d̄(Si—As) = 239.9 pm, d̄(Ge—P) = 237.1 pm, d̄(Ge—As) = 247.8 pm, d̄(Sn—P) = 252.3 pm, d̄(Sn—As) = 261.4 pm, d̄(Ta—P) = 238.3 pm, d̄(Ta—As) = 247.4 pm.
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