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  • 1
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    In:  J. Geophys. Res., Edmonton, Conseil de l'Europe, vol. 104, no. B11, pp. 25,595-25,610, pp. B10404, (ISSN: 1340-4202)
    Publication Date: 1999
    Keywords: Stress ; Fault plane solution, focal mechanism ; Borehole breakouts ; 8164 ; Tectonophysics ; Stresses--crust ; and ; lithosphere ; 7230 ; Seismology ; Seismicity ; and ; seismotectonics ; 1744 ; History ; of ; geophysics ; JGR ; Tectonophysics ; 9335 ; Information ; related ; to ; geographic ; region ; Europe
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  • 2
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    In:  Geophys. J. Int., Stockholm, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, vol. 122, no. 1-2, pp. 938-952, pp. L15318, (ISSN: 1340-4202)
    Publication Date: 1995
    Keywords: Moment tensor ; Seismicity ; Tectonics ; Crustal deformation (cf. Earthquake precursor: deformation or strain) ; GJI
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 151 (1998), S. 433-442 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Key words: Seismic anisotropy, upper mantle, Antarctica.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract —During the Austral Summers 1993–94 and 1994–95, we operated two temporary seismic arrays in the Victoria Land region, Antarctica. The first was located around the Mt. Melbourne volcano, near Terra Nova Bay, and the second southward, along the ACRUP1 Geotraverse. The aim of these experiments was to provide additional constraints on the Moho geometry and on lithosphere-astheno sphere structure in this zone. For this reason, a number of techniques were applied to recorded teleseismic data. In this paper we describe the results of the analysis on SKS- and S-wave splitting, which show the presence of seismic anisotropy. Computed fast polarization directions range, on average, between 131° and 166°, and delay times are on the order of 1 s. We presume that anisotropy is mainly located in the upper mantle, although we cannot detect, at present, if a contribution from the crust does exist. The fast polarization direction we determine is quite parallel to the opening of the Ross Sea, an active rift system, but also to the Absolute Plate Motion direction. Therefore, we assume that the identified anisotropy may be induced by the extension, activated by plate motion and is still related to it.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1365-246X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Theoretical relationships allow the distributed deformation due to seismic activity to be quantified on the basis of the analysis of moment tensors. We apply this method to a data set consisting of seismic events that have occurred in the past 85 yr (1908–1992) along the most important seismogenic zones of the Mediterranean region. We use the Centroid Moment Tensor (CMT) Catalog prepared at Harvard University, covering the last 16 yr, and older data from Jackson & McKenzie (1988). We determine the seismic deformation and compare it to estimates of the overall deformation as obtained from global plate motion and geological studies. We generally find that the geometry of seismic deformation is similar to tectonic predictions. Even though spanning a shorter time interval, the CMT Catalog often gives a better estimate of deformation geometry than the whole data set (85 yr). Seismic deformation generally ranges from less than 10 per cent to more than 90 per cent of the total deformation. Uncertainties arise because data sets may not be representative of the long-term seismic behaviour of each zone. More reliable estimates for comparison with geodynamic processes should result from analysis of a longer time period, for which no instrumental data are available. The similarity of the deformation geometry using CMT data with tectonic expectations suggests, for several zones, the possibility of using historical data to infer longer term deformation rates based on current deformation geometry.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1995-12-01
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 1998-03-01
    Description: —During the Austral Summers 1993–94 and 1994–95, we operated two temporary seismic arrays in the Victoria Land region, Antarctica. The first was located around the Mt. Melbourne volcano, near Terra Nova Bay, and the second southward, along the ACRUP1 Geotraverse. The aim of these experiments was to provide additional constraints on the Moho geometry and on lithosphere-astheno sphere structure in this zone. For this reason, a number of techniques were applied to recorded teleseismic data. In this paper we describe the results of the analysis on SKS- and S-wave splitting, which show the presence of seismic anisotropy. Computed fast polarization directions range, on average, between 131° and 166°, and delay times are on the order of 1 s. We presume that anisotropy is mainly located in the upper mantle, although we cannot detect, at present, if a contribution from the crust does exist. The fast polarization direction we determine is quite parallel to the opening of the Ross Sea, an active rift system, but also to the Absolute Plate Motion direction. Therefore, we assume that the identified anisotropy may be induced by the extension, activated by plate motion and is still related to it. ©1998 Birkhäuser Verlag Basel,
    Print ISSN: 0033-4553
    Electronic ISSN: 1420-9136
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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