Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract Alkalophilic Bacillus sp. KSM-K16 produced three alkaline proteases, as detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The major protease, designated M protease, was recently purified to homogeneity and its properties were characterized. In the present study, two minor proteases, designated H protease and N protease, were purified to homogeneity from cultures of this organism. H protease had a molecular mass of 28 kDa, as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate/PAGE (SDS-PAGE) and its maximum activity against casein was observed at pH 11.0 and at 55°C. N protease consisted of two polypeptide chains with molecular masses of 12.5 kDa and 14.5 kDa, as estimated by SDS-PAGE, although it migrated as a single protein band during non-denaturing PAGE. Its maximum activity was observed at pH 11.0 and at 60°C. The amino-terminal sequences of H protease and of the 14.5-kDa polypeptide of N protease were identical to that of M protease. The electrophoretic relationship between the three enzymes was examined after they had been stored at different pH values and at 5°C. M protease was converted to H protease more rapidly at pH 11 than at pH 8 or below, and H protease was converted to M protease at pH 8 or below but not at pH 11. N protease appeared to be the autolytic product of the M and H proteases.
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