Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The Variscan nappe stack of SE Sardinia originated as a result of several stages of nappe imbrication during the Lower Carboniferous phases of the Variscan orogeny. The crustal shortening caused regional SSW-and W-directed thrusting, greenschist facies metamorphism and open-to-isoclinal polyphase folding. The final stage of shortening produced large-scale antiforms and synforms.Post-collisional deformation resulted in inversion of earlier thrusts as normal faults, development of low-angle normal faults, and refolding of earlier foliation and thrust planes by asymmetric folds with subhorizontal axial planes. Facing directions of these latest folds are directed horizontally outward from the hinge zones of main antiforms, suggesting that they cannot be regarded as parasitic folds of the latest thickening phase, but instead are the consequence of vertical shortening during gravitational collapse of dome-like km-scale antiforms, leading to denudation of antiformal culminations.
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