Key words: Fe3+-chelate reductase
Ferricyanide re ductase
Lycopersicon (Fe starvation)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. The NADH-dependent Fe3+-chelate reductase (NFCHR) of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) roots, a strategy I species, was investigated. The Fe3+-citrate reductase (FeCitR) assay was strongly inhibited by p-hydroxymercuribenzoic acid (PHMB); moreover, the inhibitor was found to be more specific to the FeCitR assay than to the Fe3+-EDTA reductase assay, which was catalyzed by at least another reductase of 46 kDa. After high-speed centrifugation of tomato root membranes, high FeCitR activities were detected in pellets and lower activities in supernatants. After two-phase partitioning of microsomes, FeCitR activity (91 nmol · min−1 · mg−1) was less active in the upper phase (plasma membrane) than in the lower phase (277 nmol · min−1 · mg−1). However, only the activity of the plasma-membrane-associated NFCHR (FeCitR) was significantly enhanced (2.6-fold) in iron-deficient tomato plants, whereas that of NFCHR in non-plasma-membrane rich fractions was unaffected by this treatment. The NFCHR obtained from lysophosphatidylcholine-solubilized plasma membrane was present as a 200-kDa protein complex following fast protein liquid chromatography on Superdex 200, or as a 28-kDa form following Blue Sepharose CL-6B chromatography. Both preparations were more active following iron starvation. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the 28-kDa protein purified from solubilized tomato microsomes or supernatant fractions by a final Mono Q step consisted of a single band of 32 kDa. Tomato root NFCHR resembled the NFCHR of maize (a strategy II plant, P Bagnaresi and P Pupillo, 1995, J Exp Bot 46: 1497–1503) in several properties: relative molecular mass, hydrophilicity, chromatographic behaviour, sensitivity to mercurials, specificity for electron donors and acceptors (e.g. cytochrome c), and a ferricyanide reductase-to-FeCitR ratio of 2.5. Preincubation with NADH partially protected NFCHR from PHMB-induced inactivation. Our data show that strategy I and II plants seem to share similar NFCHR proteins, which appear to belong to the cytochrome b 5 reductase flavoprotein group.
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