Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
A model system was developed to study the influence of the rubber formulation and/or the aging conditions on the adhesion between brass and rubber. The bonding compounds were vulcanized on thin, homogeneous brass layers that had been prepared by sputtering onto special polymeric substrates; some of these compounds were steam-aged under controlled conditions subsequently. After the separation of the polymeric film, combined analytical electron microscopy (transmission electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy; TEM/EDS) and sputter neutral mass spectrometry (SNMS) analyses were performed. While the TEM/EDS studies offer a detailed insight into the morphological structure of the interphase, the SNMS depth profiles allow a rapid and reliable differentiation between various rubber formulations. With these model samples the beneficial effect of boric acid esters on the adhesion of cobalt-containing bonding compounds, which is observed in a typical short-term adhesion test after steam-aging, can be explained: boric acid esters act with cobalt salts as corrosion inhibitors for brass, preventing the growth of a thick intermediate ZnO/Zn (OH)2 layer that is the starting point for delaminations.
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