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  • 2000-2004  (44)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: PACS: 81.05.Tp; 81.20.-n
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. Nanotubes exhibiting a novel structure – boron nitride (BN) conical nanotubes whose walls consist of conical layers with their cone axis parallel to the tube axis, as opposed to ordinary nanotubes, composed of concentric cylindrical layers with their normal perpendicular to the tube axis – were synthesized simultaneously with BN nanotubes by using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as templates. The diameters of the BN conical nanotubes are typically about 15 nm, which is similar to those of the starting CNTs. Apex angles and inner diameters of most BN conical nanotubes are about 40° and 1 nm, respectively. The lengths of the BN conical nanotubes range from 50 nm to up to several micrometers.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. ; Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland
    Key engineering materials Vol. 253 (Nov. 2003), p. 89-102 
    ISSN: 1013-9826
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 79 (2001), S. 415-417 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Unusual morphological features of boron nitride nanotubes produced via metal–oxide-promoted high-temperature syntheses from carbon nanotubes, boron oxide, and nitrogen were observed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The tubes normally displayed open ends and preferentially two or four tubular layers as revealed by statistical analysis of 600 nanotubes. In addition, the total amount of tubes with even number of shells (61% occurrence) markedly prevailed over that with odd number of shells (39%). All three characteristics are exceptional for BN compared to other layered materials which may be assembled in tubules. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 79 (2001), S. 4565-4567 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Ge3N4 nanobelts 30–300 nm in width were synthesized by thermal reduction of a mixed Ge+SiO2 powder in NH3 atmosphere. These nanobelts were studied by high-resolution transmission electron microscope equipped with an x-ray energy dispersive spectrometer. In these synthesized nanobelts, the existence of α and β phases of Ge3N4 was identified. The α phase exhibiting slight difference from an ideal α-Ge3N4 phase was also found in the present Ge3N4 material. The mechanism of formation of the Ge3N4 nanobelts is discussed. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 88 (2000), S. 3070-3072 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A cubic Si3N4 phase/nanostructure has been characterized by means of high-resolution analytical electron microscopy. The specimen prepared from β-Si3N4 powders at a high pressure and temperature by shock wave compression contained nanometer-sized Si3N4 crystallites. The results of nano-beam electron diffraction analysis and high-resolution lattice images as well as computer simulations revealed that the Si3N4 crystallites had a cubic symmetry with spinel structure. The electron energy loss spectrum suggested that the chemical compositions of these nanostructures were close to Si3N4. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 91 (2002), S. 1515-1519 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Si3N4/SiC interface structure in SiC-nanocrystal-embedded α-Si3N4 nanorods was studied by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The SiC-nanocrystal-embedded α-Si3N4 nanorods were synthesized by the method of carbothermal reduction of SiO in pure N2 atmosphere, while the SiC nanocrystals were produced from a substitution of SiC for Si3N4. Between SiC and Si3N4, there are three kinds of plane configurations and a set of orientation relationships, i.e., [11¯0]SiC//[0001]Si3N4 and nearly (111)SiC//(101¯0)Si3N4 with low-angle discrepancy of either 3° or 5°. The origin of the low-angle discrepancies was explained in terms of a reciprocal lattice theory for heteroepitaxial interfaces. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 89 (2001), S. 5469-5472 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: For a long time cerium ions, both Ce3+ and Ce4+, have not been considered to be able to enter the interstitial sites in an α-sialon structure until recent successes in the preparation of cerium-doped α-sialon materials using CeO2 as the starting powder. It is then of great importance and necessity to know the chemical valence of these incorporated cerium ions. Meanwhile, the specific structure of the interstices in α-sialon provides quite a different chemical environment upon which the electronic structures of cerium ions could be different from those ever reported in, for instance, metallic compounds and oxides. Electron energy loss spectra (EELS) in the M-edge region of rare-earth elements carries information on the initial state 4f occupancy. We have acquired and examined the M4,5-edge spectra of cerium at different locations in the microstructure. It has been found that all the Ce(IV) ions in the intergranular glass and the majority inside the α-sialon crystals have been reduced to Ce(III) while there exist inside the crystal cerium ions showing 4f0 initial-state peaks on the EELS spectrum. The 4f0 peak locates at about 0.6 eV higher in energy than that for CeO2. An increased and possibly by far the highest weight of f0 state is derived for Ce(IV) ions in α-sialon. The spectral evidences confirm the general suggestion of the unstability of Ce(IV) ions with silicon nitride. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 81 (2002), S. 144-146 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Using infrared irradiation to heat an industrial brass (Cu–Zn alloy) disk in moderate vacuum, ZnO nanobelts were directly prepared on a Si substrate. The nanobelts had a single-crystal hexagonal structure and grew along the [0001] direction. The nanobelts had two distinct widths along their entire length. Photoluminescence measurement showed that the nanobelts had an intensive near-band ultraviolet emission at 379 nm. Large-area growth and high quality indicate that the prepared ZnO nanobelts have potential application in optoelectronic devices. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. ; Stafa-Zurich, Switzerland
    Key engineering materials Vol. 237 (Apr. 2003), p. 79-86 
    ISSN: 1013-9826
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 81 (2002), S. 1083-1085 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The field-emission characteristics of individual ropes made of B–C–N nanotubes were measured in situ in a low-energy electron point source microscope. The tungsten field emission tip of the microscope was used as a movable electrode, approaching the rope, and acting as an anode during field-emission measurements. The atomic structure and chemical composition of the ropes were analyzed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron energy-loss spectroscopy. The tubes assembled within the ropes typically revealed open-tip ends, a small number of layers and zigzag chirality. We found that the field-emission properties of the B–C–N nanotube ropes are competitive with conventional C nanotubes, with the expected additional benefit that the B–C–N ropes exhibit higher environmental stability. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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