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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-05-24
    Description: Author(s): R. H. Pratt, R. A. Müller, and A. Surzhykov The polarization correlations in doubly differential cross sections are investigated for photoionization and ordinary bremsstrahlung. These correlations describe the polarization transfer between incident light and ejected photoelectrons as well as between an incoming electron beam and bremsstrahlun… [Phys. Rev. A 93, 053421] Published Mon May 23, 2016
    Keywords: Atomic and molecular processes in external fields, including interactions with strong fields and short pulses
    Print ISSN: 1050-2947
    Electronic ISSN: 1094-1622
    Topics: Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-11-24
    Description: Author(s): D. Seipt, R. A. Müller, A. Surzhykov, and S. Fritzsche The two-color above-threshold ionization (ATI) of atoms and ions is investigated for a vortex Bessel beam in the presence of a strong near-infrared (NIR) light field. While the photoionization is caused by the photons from the weak but extreme ultraviolet (XUV) vortex Bessel beam, the energy and ang… [Phys. Rev. A 94, 053420] Published Wed Nov 23, 2016
    Keywords: Atomic and molecular processes in external fields, including interactions with strong fields and short pulses
    Print ISSN: 1050-2947
    Electronic ISSN: 1094-1622
    Topics: Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-12-02
    Description: The Precordillera terrane in northwestern Argentina is interpreted to be an exotic (Laurentian) continental fragment that was accreted to western Gondwana during the Ordovician. One prominent manifestation of the subduction and collision process is a Middle–Upper Ordovician clastic wedge, which overlies a passive-margin carbonate-platform succession in the Precordillera. U/Pb ages of detrital zircons from sandstones within the clastic wedge, as well as zircons from clasts within conglomerates, provide documentation for the composition of the sediment provenance. The ages of detrital zircons are consistent vertically through the succession, as well as laterally along and across strike of the Precordillera, indicating a single, persistent sediment source throughout deposition of the clastic wedge. The dominant mode (~1350–1000 Ma) of the detrital-zircon ages corresponds to the ages of basement rocks in the Western Sierras Pampeanas along the eastern side of the Precordillera. A secondary mode (1500–1350 Ma) corresponds in age to the Granite-Rhyolite province of Laurentia, an age range which is not known in ages of basement rocks of the Western Sierras Pampeanas; however, detritus from Granite-Rhyolite-age rocks in the basement of the Precordillera was available through recycling of synrift and passive-margin cover strata. Igneous clasts in the conglomerates have ages (647–614 Ma) that correspond to the ages of minor synrift igneous rocks in the nearby basement massifs; the same ages are represented in a minor mode (~750–570 Ma) of detrital-zircon ages. A quartzite clast in a conglomerate, as well as parts of the population of detrital zircons, indicates the importance of a source in the metasedimentary cover of the leading edge of the Precordillera. The Famatina continental-margin magmatic arc reflects pre-collision subduction of Precordillera lithosphere beneath the western Gondwana margin; however, no detrital zircons have ages that correspond to Famatina arc magmatism, indicating that sedimentary detritus from the arc may have been trapped in a forearc basin and did not reach the foreland. The indicators of sedimentary provenance for the foreland deposits are consistent with subduction of the Precordillera beneath western Gondwana, imbrication of basement rocks from either the Precordillera or Gondwana into an accretionary complex, and recycling of deformed Precordillera cover rocks.
    Electronic ISSN: 1553-040X
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-10-09
    Description: Author(s): A. V. Maiorova, S. Fritzsche, R. A. Müller, and A. Surzhykov The elastic scattering of twisted electrons by diatomic molecules is studied within the framework of the nonrelativistic first Born approximation. In this process, the coherent interaction of incident electrons with two molecular centers may cause interference patterns in the angular distributions o... [Phys. Rev. A 98, 042701] Published Mon Oct 08, 2018
    Keywords: Atomic and molecular collisions and interactions
    Print ISSN: 1050-2947
    Electronic ISSN: 1094-1622
    Topics: Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2015-12-02
    Description: Author(s): R. A. Müller, A. Desilets-Benoit, N. Gauthier, L. Lapointe, A. D. Bianchi, T. Maris, R. Zahn, R. Beyer, E. Green, J. Wosnitza, Z. Yamani, and M. Kenzelmann Single-crystal neutron diffraction and various bulk probes are used to investigate the magnetic structure and properties of the rare-earth half-Heusler antiferromagnet NdBiPt. While the family of compounds R BiPt ( R =Ce–Lu) have been suggested as candidates for a new family of antiferromagnetic topological insulators, the magnetic structure for the Nd compound, as determined in this report, seems to exclude it from this distinction. [Phys. Rev. B 92, 184432] Published Mon Nov 30, 2015
    Keywords: Magnetism
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-10-20
    Description: Sialic acid groups of protein N -glycans are important determinants of biological activity. Exposed at the end of the glycan chain, they are potential targets for glycan remodeling. Sialyltransferases (STs; EC 2.4.99) are the enzymes that catalyze the sialic acid transfer from a CMP-activated donor on to a carbohydrate acceptor in vivo. Recombinant expression of the full-length human β-galactoside α2,6 sialyltransferase I (ST6Gal-I) was hampered and therefore variants with truncated N-termini were investigated. We report on the distinct properties of two N-terminally truncated versions of ST6Gal-I, namely 89ST6Gal-I and 108ST6Gal-I, which were successfully expressed in human embryonic kidney cells. The different properties of these enzymes result most probably from the loss of interactions from helix α1 in the 108ST6Gal-I variant, which plays a role in acceptor substrate binding. The K m for N -acetyl- d -lactosamine was 10-fold increased for 108ST6Gal-I (84 mM) as compared to 89ST6Gal-I (8.3 mM). The two enzyme variants constitute a suitable tool box for the terminal modification of N -glycans. While the enzyme 89ST6Gal-I exhibited both ST (di-sialylation) and sialidase activity on a monoclonal antibody, the enzyme 108ST6Gal-I showed only ST activity with specificity for mono-sialylation.
    Print ISSN: 0959-6658
    Electronic ISSN: 1460-2423
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-02-10
    Description: Author(s): P.-M. Hillenbrand, S. Hagmann, D. H. Jakubassa-Amundsen, J. M. Monti, D. Banaś, K.-H. Blumenhagen, C. Brandau, W. Chen, P. D. Fainstein, E. De Filippo, A. Gumberidze, D. L. Guo, M. Lestinsky, Yu. A. Litvinov, A. Müller, R. D. Rivarola, H. Rothard, S. Schippers, M. S. Schöffler, U. Spillmann, S. Trotsenko, X. L. Zhu, and Th. Stöhlker For the collision system U 88+ +N 2 at a collision energy of 90 MeV/u, the energy distribution of electrons being nonradiatively captured from the target into the projectile continuum has been measured under an angle of 0 ∘ with respect to the projectile beam axis. This measurement of the electron-captu... [Phys. Rev. A 91, 022705] Published Mon Feb 09, 2015
    Keywords: Atomic and molecular collisions and interactions
    Print ISSN: 1050-2947
    Electronic ISSN: 1094-1622
    Topics: Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018
    Description: 〈span〉Deep-sea carbonate represents Earth’s largest carbon sink and one of the least-known components of the long-term carbon cycle that is intimately linked to climate. By coupling the deep-sea carbonate sedimentation history to a global tectonic model, we quantify this component within the framework of a continuously evolving seafloor. A long-term increase in marine carbonate carbon flux since the mid-Cretaceous is dominated by a post-50 Ma doubling of carbonate accumulation to ~310 Mt C/yr at present-day. This increase was caused largely by the immense growth in deep-sea carbonate carbon storage, post-dating the end of the Early Eocene Climate Optimum. We suggest that a combination of a retreat of epicontinental seas, underpinned by long-term deepening of the seafloor, the inception of major Himalayan river systems, and the weathering of the Deccan Traps drove enhanced delivery of Ca〈sup〉2+〈/sup〉 and HCO〈sub〉3〈/sub〉〈sup〉–〈/sup〉 into the oceans and atmospheric CO〈sub〉2〈/sub〉 drawdown in the 15 m.y. prior to the onset of glaciation at ca. 35 Ma. Relatively stagnant mid-ocean ridge, rift- and subduction-related degassing during this period support our contention that continental silicate weathering, rather than a major decrease in CO〈sub〉2〈/sub〉 degassing, may have triggered an increase in marine carbonate accumulation and long-term Eocene global cooling. Our results provide new constraints for global carbon cycle models, and may improve our understanding of carbonate subduction-related metamorphism, mineralization and isotopic signatures of degassing.〈/span〉
    Print ISSN: 0091-7613
    Electronic ISSN: 1943-2682
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018
    Description: 〈span〉〈div〉Abstract〈/div〉Deep-sea carbonate represents Earth’s largest carbon sink and one of the least-known components of the long-term carbon cycle that is intimately linked to climate. By coupling the deep-sea carbonate sedimentation history to a global tectonic model, we quantify this component within the framework of a continuously evolving seafloor. A long-term increase in marine carbonate carbon flux since the mid-Cretaceous is dominated by a post-50 Ma doubling of carbonate accumulation to ∼310 Mt C/yr at present-day. This increase was caused largely by the immense growth in deep-sea carbonate carbon storage, post-dating the end of the Early Eocene Climate Optimum. We suggest that a combination of a retreat of epicontinental seas, underpinned by long-term deepening of the seafloor, the inception of major Himalayan river systems, and the weathering of the Deccan Traps drove enhanced delivery of Ca〈sup〉2+〈/sup〉 and HCO〈sub〉3〈/sub〉〈sup〉–〈/sup〉 into the oceans and atmospheric CO〈sub〉2〈/sub〉 drawdown in the 15 m.y. prior to the onset of glaciation at ca. 35 Ma. Relatively stagnant mid-ocean ridge, rift- and subduction-related degassing during this period support our contention that continental silicate weathering, rather than a major decrease in CO〈sub〉2〈/sub〉 degassing, may have triggered an increase in marine carbonate accumulation and long-term Eocene global cooling. Our results provide new constraints for global carbon cycle models, and may improve our understanding of carbonate subduction-related metamorphism, mineralization and isotopic signatures of degassing.〈/span〉
    Print ISSN: 0091-7613
    Electronic ISSN: 1943-2682
    Topics: Geosciences
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