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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-05-15
    Description: Author Correction: High-temperature operation of electrical injection type-II (GaIn)As/Ga(AsSb)/(GaIn)As “W”-quantum well lasers emitting at 1.3 µm Author Correction: High-temperature operation of electrical injection type-II (GaIn)As/Ga(AsSb)/(GaIn)As “W”-quantum well lasers emitting at 1.3 µm, Published online: 15 May 2018; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-25808-8 Author Correction: High-temperature operation of electrical injection type-II (GaIn)As/Ga(AsSb)/(GaIn)As “W”-quantum well lasers emitting at 1.3 µm
    Electronic ISSN: 2045-2322
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Published by Springer Nature
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-01-08
    Description: Improper storage and disposal of non-aqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs) has resulted in widespread contamination of the subsurface, threatening the quality of groundwater as a freshwater resource. The high frequency of contaminated sites and the difficulties of remediation efforts demand rational decisions based on a sound risk assessment. Due to sparse data and natural heterogeneities, this risk assessment needs to be supported by appropriate predictive models with quantified uncertainty. This study proposes a physically and stochastically coherent model concept to simulate and predict crucial impact metrics for DNAPL contaminated sites, such as contaminant mass discharge and DNAPL source longevity. To this end, aquifer parameters and the contaminant source architecture are conceptualized as random space functions. The governing processes are simulated in a three-dimensional, highly-resolved, stochastic, and coupled model that can predict probability density functions of mass discharge and source depletion times. While it is not possible to determine whether the presented model framework is sufficiently complex or not, we can investigate whether and to which degree the desired model predictions are sensitive to simplifications often found in the literature. By testing four commonly made simplifications, we identified aquifer heterogeneity, groundwater flow irregularity, uncertain and physically-based contaminant source zones, and their mutual interlinkages as indispensable components of a sound model framework. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Print ISSN: 0043-1397
    Electronic ISSN: 1944-7973
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Geography
    Published by Wiley on behalf of American Geophysical Union (AGU).
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-07-13
    Description: β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) are critical regulators of acute cardiovascular physiology. In response to elevated catecholamine stimulation during development of congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic activation of Gs-dependent β1AR and Gi-dependent β2AR pathways leads to enhanced cardiomyocyte death, reduced β1AR expression, and decreased inotropic reserve. β-blockers act to block excessive catecholamine...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-01-20
    Description: The goal of this work is to improve the inference of non-aqueous-phase contaminated source zone architectures (CSA) from field data. We follow the idea that a physically-motivated model for CSA formation helps in this inference by providing relevant relationships between observables and the unknown CSA. Typical multiphase models are computationally too expensive to be applied for inverse modeling; thus, state-of-the-art CSA identification techniques do not yet use physically-based CSA formation models. To overcome this shortcoming, we apply a stochastic multiphase model with reduced computational effort that can be used to generate a large ensemble of possible CSA realizations. Further, we apply a reverse transport formulation in order to accelerate the inversion of transport-related data such as downgradient aqueous-phase concentrations. We combine these approaches within an inverse Bayesian methodology for joint inversion of CSA and aquifer parameters. Because we use multiphase physics to constrain and inform the inversion, (1) only physically meaningful CSAs are inferred; (2) each conditional realization is statistically meaningful; (3) we obtain physically meaningful spatial dependencies for inter- and extrapolation of point-like observations between the different involved unknowns and observables, and (4) dependencies far beyond simple correlation; (5) the inversion yields meaningful uncertainty bounds. We illustrate our concept by inferring three-dimensional probability distributions of DNAPL residence, contaminant mass discharge and of other CSA characteristics. In the inference example, we use synthetic numerical data on permeability, DNAPL saturation and downgradient aqueous-phase concentration, and we substantiate our claims about the advantages of emulating a multiphase flow model with reduced computational requirement in the inversion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Print ISSN: 0043-1397
    Electronic ISSN: 1944-7973
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Geography
    Published by Wiley on behalf of American Geophysical Union (AGU).
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018
    Description: 〈p〉Increased abundance of GRK2 [G protein–coupled receptor (GPCR) kinase 2] is associated with poor cardiac function in heart failure patients. In animal models, GRK2 contributes to the pathogenesis of heart failure after ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. In addition to its role in down-regulating activated GPCRs, GRK2 also localizes to mitochondria both basally and post-IR injury, where it regulates cellular metabolism. We previously showed that phosphorylation of GRK2 at Ser〈sup〉670〈/sup〉 is essential for the translocation of GRK2 to the mitochondria of cardiomyocytes post-IR injury in vitro and that this localization promotes cell death. Here, we showed that mice with a S670A knock-in mutation in endogenous GRK2 showed reduced cardiomyocyte death and better cardiac function post-IR injury. Cultured GRK2-S670A knock-in cardiomyocytes subjected to IR in vitro showed enhanced glucose-mediated mitochondrial respiratory function that was partially due to maintenance of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity and improved glucose oxidation. Thus, we propose that mitochondrial GRK2 plays a detrimental role in cardiac glucose oxidation post-injury.〈/p〉
    Print ISSN: 1945-0877
    Electronic ISSN: 1937-9145
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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