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  • F22  (7)
  • D70
  • 2010-2014
  • 2000-2004  (7)
  • 2002  (7)
  • 1
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    New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-06-25
    Description: Empirical studies in the migration literature have shown that migration enclaves (networks) negatively affect the language proficiency of migrants. These studies, however, ignore the choice of location as a function of language skills. Using data on Mexican migration to the US, we show that migrants choose smaller networks as their English language proficiency improves.
    Keywords: F22 ; J15 ; J61 ; ddc:330 ; Enclaves ; Ethnic goods ; Immigrants ; Language skills ; Networks ; Sprache ; Englisch (Sprache) ; Ethnische Gruppe ; Mexikaner ; Netzwerk ; USA ; Migranten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-06-25
    Description: This paper addresses the question: Why and where do immigrants cluster? We examine the relative importance and interaction of two alternative explanations of immigrant clustering: (1) network externalities and (2) herd behavior. We advance the theory by presenting a framework encompassing both network and herd effects, and by delineating various types of network and herd effects in our empirical work. In order to distinguish between herd and network externalities, we use the Mexican Migration Project data. Our empirical results show that both network externalities and herds have significant effects on the migrant's decision of where to migrate. Moreover, the significance and size of the effects vary according to the legal status of the migrant and whether the migrant is a new or a repeat migrant. The network-externality effect has an inverse U shape, not simply a linear positive effect as often presented in the literature. Neglecting herds and/or networks, or the inverse U shape of network effects leads to faulty conclusions about migrant behavior.
    Keywords: F22 ; J61 ; ddc:330 ; herd effects ; immigration ; location choice ; network externalities ; Mexikaner ; Wohnstandort ; USA ; Migranten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-06-25
    Description: Governments do not have perfect information regarding the priorities and the needs of different groups in the economy. This lack of knowledge opens the door for different groups to lobby the government in order to receive the government’s support. We set up a model of hierarchical contests and compare the implications of a centralized allocation process with a decentralized allocation process. We show the potential existence of a poverty trap as a result of fiscal federalism.
    Keywords: F22 ; ddc:330 ; Economic-Models-of-the-Political-Process ; fiscal federalism ; Intergovernmental-Relations ; rent-seeking ; Finanzföderalismus ; Rent Seeking ; Public Choice ; Finanzausgleich ; USA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: We introduce the idea that informational cascades can explain the observed regularity that emigrants from the same locations also tend to choose the same foreign locations. Thus informational cascades generate herd behavior. Herd behavior is compared with the network externalities explanation of the same phenomenon. The relation between social tensions and herd behavior is observed when local populations are xenophobic.
    Keywords: J61 ; F22 ; ddc:330 ; Migration ; informational cascades ; herd behavior ; xenophobia ; network externalities ; Wohnstandort ; Migranten ; Informationsverhalten ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: This paper addresses the question: Why and where do immigrants cluster? We examine the relative importance and interaction of two alternative explanations of immigrant clustering: (1) network externalities and (2) herd behavior. We advance the theory by presenting a framework encompassing both network and herd effects, and by delineating various types of network and herd effects in our empirical work. In order to distinguish between herd and network externalities, we use the Mexican Migration Project data. Our empirical results show that both network externalities and herds have significant effects on the migrant?s decision of where to migrate. Moreover, the significance and size of the effects vary according to the legal status of the migrant and whether the migrant is a ?new? or a ?repeat? migrant. The network-externality effect has an inverse U shape, not simply a linear positive effect as often presented in the literature. Neglecting herds and/or networks, or the inverse U shape of network effects leads to faulty conclusions about migrant behavior.
    Keywords: J61 ; F22 ; ddc:330 ; herd effects ; networks ; immigration ; location choice ; Mexikaner ; Migranten ; Wohnstandort ; Vereinigte Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: The design of optimal immigration policy, particularly in the face of the spiralling demand for highly skilled workers, such as IT workers and engineers, is a topical issue in the policy debate as well as the economic literature. In this paper, we present empirical evidence from firm level data collected in 2000 on the demand in Europe for highly skilled workers in general and abroad and their determinants. Major findings are that the fraction of highly skilled recruited from the international labour market is very small, and it seems that foreign and domestic workers are very similar in terms of formal education, that is subject of specialisation, and job characteristics. We suggest an efficiency wage model that can explain why firms recruit foreign workers in small numbers and are willing to pay migrants the same wage as local workers and at the same time are willing to pay for moving costs, for example, that are specific to immigrating workers.
    Keywords: L20 ; J61 ; J41 ; F22 ; ddc:330 ; migration ; labour demand ; firm data ; highly skilled workers ; globalization ; Internationale Arbeitsmobilität ; Facharbeiter ; Migrationspolitik ; Arbeitsnachfrage ; Effizienzlohn ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: Empirical studies in the migration literature have shown that migration enclaves (networks) negatively affect the language proficiency of migrants. These studies, however, ignore the choice of location as a function of language skills. Using data on Mexican migration to the US, we show that migrants choose smaller networks as their English language proficiency improves.
    Keywords: F22 ; J61 ; J15 ; ddc:330 ; immigrants ; language skills ; enclave ; networks ; ethnic goods ; ethnic concentration ; Migranten ; Sprache ; Englisch ; Ethnische Gruppe ; Mexikaner ; Netzwerk ; Wohnstandort ; Vereinigte Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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