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  • 1990-1994  (7)
  • 1991  (7)
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  • 1990-1994  (7)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: In previous Mossbauer spectral studies of many of the Shergotite Nakhlite Chassignite (SNC) meteorites, attention was drawn to the close similarities of spectrum profiles between Lafayette and Nakhla, which were once suggested to be identical meteorites. These observations led to the acquisition of Governador Valadares and another specimen of Nakhla, as well as Zagami and Shergotty, for Mossbauer spectral measurements at 4.2K. Results reported here demonstrate that there are subtle differences between the three nakhlites (Nakhla, Lafayette, and Governador Valadares), as there are for three of the shergottites (Shergotty, Zagami, EETA 79001/lithologies A and B) and olivine-dominated Chassigny and ALHA 77005, indicating that all eight of the SNC meteorites discovered to data fell independently to Earth.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA, Washington, Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program, 1990; p 259-261
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The occurrence of ferric bearing assemblages, comprising phyllosilicates, oxide hydroxides and magnetite, in carbonaceous chondrites (CC) indicates that these meteorites underwent pre-terrestrial, sub-aqueous oxidation reactions. Reported here are results of a Mossbauer spectral study of a suite of CC demonstrating that a variety of ferrous and ferric bearing phases may be distinguished in different classes of this meteorite type.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA, Washington, Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program, 1990; p 256-258
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The reflectance spectra of Fe(2+)-Mg(2+) disordered orthopyroxenes are relevant to surfaces of terrestrial planets onto which basaltic magma has been extruded. If cooling rates of basalt lava flows were fast, equilibrium iron intersite partitioning may not have been achieved so that abnormal enrichments of Fe(2+) ions in M1 sites would occur. The two intense pyroxene Fe(2+) site CF bands in the 1 micron and 2 micron regions would continue to dominate the the reflectance spectra so that the pyroxene composition and structure type would be readily identified in telescopic spectral profiles. However, abnormal intensification of the Fe(2+)/M1 site CF band at 1.20 microns could lead to the false identification of olivine in remote sensed spectra because in pyroxene-olivine mixtures the inflection around 1.20 microns is the only spectral feature for detecting the presence of olivine. The identification of iron-bearing plagioclase feldspars, too, would be obscured by the pyroxene Fe(2+)/M1 site CF band at 1.20 microns. Such interference would be a major problem if in situ reflectance spectra could be measured on the surface of Venus where ambient temperatures are as high as 475 C. Disordering of Fe(2+) and Mg(2+) ions comparable to that in the orthopyroxenes used in this spectral chemical study might be expected in low Ca pyroxenes occurring on the Venusian surface. Researchers conclude that Fe(2+)/M1 site spectral features need to be carefully assessed in remote-sensed spectra before deductions are made about the presence of olivine on planetary surfaces.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA, Washington, Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program, 1990; p 253-255
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Experiments demonstrated that oxidation of ferromagnesian silicates and magnetite occurs when these minerals are heated at 800 C in 1 atmosphere of CO2, under which conditions hematite is thermodynamically stable. The 30 ppm oxygen impurity in CO2 presumably facilitates the oxidation of some of the ferrous iron initially present in the crystal structures of the minerals. Mossbauer spectral measurements reveal, however, that only CO2 degraded olivine and pigeonite is hematite formed as a magnetically ordered phase at ambient temperatures. In orthopyroxene, some of the ferric iron produced by oxidation is present as nanophase hematite which, because it remains superparamagnetic until 4.2 K, must exist as particles less than or equal to 4 nm in diameter. In the calcic pyroxenes much of the oxidized ferrous iron may still remain as structural Fe3(+) in the host silicates. Some ferric iron may also be present as unit cell sized Fe2O3 inclusions in the pyroxenes, or be segregated along cleavage planes, or be coating mineral grains. In these states of aggregation, the Fe2O3 is unidentifiable by x ray diffraction and in low temperature Mossbauer spectra. Applications of this research to the surface of Venus are discussed.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA, Washington, Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program, 1990; p 207-209
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: The effect of the structural Fe(3+) or disseminated ferric oxides in oxidized ferromagnesian silicates on the reflectance spectral profiles of the remnant Fe(2+) ions in oxidized silicates was investigated. Results of spectral measurements in the visible NIR region, performed on several well-characterized pyroxenes representative of different structural types and compositions, were correlated with data obtained from the Mossbauer spectra of the oxidation products. The measurements made it possible to determine the relative proportions of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) ions present in the oxidized pyroxenes and provided information on the amorphous ferric oxide phases present in the oxidation products. The results also suggest a mechanism for producing the nanophase hematite popularly considered to be responsible for the features observed around 0.62 and 0.87 micron in the remotely sensed spectra of Mars.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 96; 18
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 1991-04-01
    Print ISSN: 0016-7037
    Electronic ISSN: 1872-9533
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Published by Elsevier
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 1991-01-01
    Print ISSN: 0148-0227
    Electronic ISSN: 2156-2202
    Topics: Geosciences
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