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  • STRUCTURAL MECHANICS  (57)
  • ASTROPHYSICS
  • 1970-1974  (57)
  • 1960-1964
  • 1972  (57)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Fourteen C-130 airplane center wings, each containing service-imposed fatigue damage resulting from 4000 to 13,000 accumulated flight hours, were tested to determine their fatigue crack propagation and static residual strength characteristics. Eight wings were subjected to a two-step constant amplitude fatigue test prior to static testing. Cracks up to 30 inches long were generated in these tests. Residual static strengths of these wings ranged from 56 to 87 percent of limit load. The remaining six wings containing cracks up to 4 inches long were statically tested as received from field service. Residual static strengths of these wings ranged from 98 to 117 percent of limit load. Damage-tolerant structural design features such as fastener holes, stringers, doublers around door cutouts, and spanwise panel splices proved to be effective in retarding crack propagation.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: NASA-CR-2075 , ER-11178
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An analysis was developed to calculate the minimum mass-strength curve for an orthotropic cylinder subjected to axial compressive loading. The analysis, which includes the effects of ring and stringer eccentricities, is in a general form so that various cylinder wall and stiffener geometries can be considered. Several different ring-stiffened orthotropic configurations were studied. The minimum mass-strength curves and the dimensions associated with these curves are presented for (in order of decreasing efficiency) a tubular double bead, a nonsymmetric double bead, a Z-stiffened skin, and a trapezoidal corrugation. A comparison of efficiencies of the configurations shows a tubular element cylinder to be more efficient than a 3-percent core-density honeycomb-sandwich cylinder. It was found that for an optimized Z-stiffened skin, the location of the Z-stiffeners (internal or external) made a negligible difference in efficiency.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: NASA-TN-D-6772 , L-7060
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: This paper examines some basic considerations underlying dynamic shell response analysis and the impact of these considerations upon the practical aspects of solution by numerical methods. Emphasis is placed on the solution of linear problems. The present states of development of the finite difference and finite element methods are reviewed, and techniques for the treatment of temporal variation are discussed. An examination is made of the frequency parameters characteristic of thin shell theory, applied excitations, and spatial mesh geometries, and the significance of these parameters with respect to computational convergence is illustrated.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: Dynamic response of structures; Symposium; Jun. 28-29, 1971; Stanford, CA
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Discussion of adhesive fracture of single lap shear joints in terms of a maximum stress criterion and an energy balance. The Goland and Reissner (1944) analysis is used to determine the stress distribution in the adhesive assembly, and the results obtained are introduced into an energy balance to determine the initiation of adhesive fracture. In the stress analysis the loads at the edges of the joint are first determined. This is a problem in which the deformation of the joint sheets must be taken into account and is solved by using the finite-deflection theory of cylindrically bent plates. Then the stress in the joint due to applied loads is determined. This problem is formulated as one in plane strain consisting of two rectangular sheets of equal thickness and unit width. With the aid of this stress analysis and the stresses obtained from the conditions of equilibrium the contributions to the energy change with crack length are calculated. The analysis performed is then compared with a maximum stress criterion for a lap joint.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: SESA PAPER 1990A , Society for Experimental Stress Analysis, Spring Meeting; May 23-26, 1972; Cleveland, OH
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Results from a continuing effort to develop automated methods for structural design are described. A system of computer programs presently under development called SAVES is intended to automate the preliminary structural design of a complete aerospace vehicle. Each step in the automated design process of the SAVES system of programs is discussed, with emphasis placed on use of automated routines for generation of finite-element models. The versatility of these routines is demonstrated by structural models generated for a space shuttle orbiter, an advanced technology transport,n hydrogen fueled Mach 3 transport. Illustrative numerical results are presented for the Mach 3 transport wing.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 72-332 , Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference; Apr. 10-12, 1972; San Antonio, TX
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  • 6
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The dynamic finite element method was used to investigate elastic stress waves in a plate. Strain displacement and stress strain relations are discussed along with the stiffness and mass matrix. The results of studying point load, and distributed load over small, intermediate, and large radii are reported. The derivation of finite element matrices, and the derivation of lumped and consistent matrices for one dimensional problems with Laplace transfer solutions are included. The computer program JMMSPALL is also included.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: NASA-CR-112294
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An analysis for determining the effects of eccentricities and lateral pressure on the design of stiffened compression panels is presented. The four types of panel stiffeners considered are integral, zee, integral zee, and integral tee. Mass-strength curves, which give the mass of the panel necessary to carry a specified load, are given along with related design equations needed to calculate the cross-sectional dimensions of the minimum-mass-stiffened panel. The results of the study indicate that the proportions of the panels are geometrically similar to the proportions of panels designed for no eccentricity or lateral pressure, but no cross-sectional dimensions are greater, resulting in significantly increased mass. The analytical minimum-mass designs of zee-stiffened panels are compared with designs from experimentally derived charts. An assumed eccentricity of 0.001 times the length of the panel is used to correlate the analytical and experimental data. Good correlation between the experimentally derived and the analytical curves is obtained for the range of loading where materials yield governs the design. At lower loads the mass given by the analytical curve using this assumed eccentricity is greater than that given by the experimental results.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: L-6547 , NASA-TN-D-6784
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A general theory on mathematical modeling of elastic parachute suspension lines during the unfurling process was developed. Massless-spring modeling of suspension-line elasticity was evaluated in detail. For this simple model, equations which govern the motion were developed and numerically integrated. The results were compared with flight test data. In most regions, agreement was satisfactory. However, poor agreement was obtained during periods of rapid fluctuations in line tension.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: NASA-TN-D-6671 , L-8097
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2017-06-24
    Description: A theoretical elastic analysis is presented for the in-plane shear of a corrugated plate with curvilinear corrugations and with discrete attachments between the ends of the corrugations and the surrounding members. The purpose of the analysis is to obtain information about the effective shear stiffness of the plate and the flexural strains that develop in it during the shearing process as a result of the attendant cross-sectional deformations. The crests and troughs of the corrugation cross section are assumed to be identical circular arcs. The following four kinds of discrete attachment at the corrugation ends are considered in the analysis: (1) point attachments in the troughs, (2) point attachments at the crests and in the troughs, (3) point attachments at mid-height, and (4) point attachments at mid-height, at the crests, and in the troughs.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: MAE-1833-T4 , NASA-CR-2080
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2017-06-24
    Description: A method is presented for estimating the variability of a system's natural frequencies arising from the variability of the system's parameters. The only information required to obtain the estimates is the member variability, in the form of second order properties, and the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the mean system. Several examples are worked out in detail to illustrate how the method is applied.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: MASC-215F , NASA-CR-1961
    Format: application/pdf
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