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  • 1
    Call number: ILP/M 06.0353
    In: Publication of the International Lithosphere Programme
    In: Tectonophysics
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: vi, 271 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: [Publication of the International Lithosphere Programme] 381,1-4 : special issue
    Language: English
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
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    Hamburg: Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA)
    Publication Date: 2019-10-02
    Description: This paper discusses the nature, importance, and measurement of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) in services trade with particular reference to telecommunications services. It is shown that although more effectively addressed for the telecom sector at the multilateral level than for other service sectors, NTBs are still widespread and would appear to have a large potential for restricting trade in services. The paper reviews the scope and classification of non-tariff barriers to services trade and sets out an alternative typology for their classification, highlighting the fact that NTBs may be either government-imposed, may result from non-competitive market structures, or from the absence of appropriate regulation. The latter is shown to constitute one of the most important sources of NTBs in network industries, such as telecommunications services. Attempts by the relevant literature to measure NTBs in telecommunications are summarized and their usefulness in identifying ?appropriate? policy mixes is commented. Lastly, the paper probes the question of whether existing multilateral and regional instruments and agreements are adequate to deal with the non-tariff phenomenon in the telecom sector in its several dimensions.
    Description: 7 Dieses Papier behandelt das Wesen, die Bedeutung und die Messung nicht-tarifärer Handelsbeschränkungen (NTBs) im Dienstleistungshandel, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Telekommunikationsdienstleistungen. Es zeigt, dass NTBs, obwohl sie in der Telekommunikation auf der multilateralen Ebene wirksamer angegangen wurden als in anderen Dienstleistungsbereichen, noch immer weit verbreitet sind und den Dienstleistungshandel potentiell stark beeinträchtigen. Das Papier beschreibt die Erscheinungsformen und die Klassifikation nicht-tarifärer Handelsschranken im Dienstleistungshandel. Es stellt ein alternatives Klassifikationsschema vor, das von der Beobachtung ausgeht, dass NTBs entweder von Regierungen eingeführt sein können, oder auf monopolistischen Marktstrukturen basieren, oder Ergebnis unzureichender Regulierungen sind. Gezeigt wird, dass der letztgenannte Tatbestand eine der wichtigsten Quellen von NTBs in Netzwerkindustrien, wie der Telekommunikation, ist. Das Papier gibt einen Überblick über die Literatur zur Messung nicht-tarifärer Handelsschranken in der Telekommunikation und kommentiert ihre Brauchbarkeit für die Entwicklung geeigneter ?policy mixes?. Schließlich wird geprüft, ob die existierenden multilateralen und regionalen Instrumente und Vereinbarungen ausreichend sind, um mit dem vielschichtigen Problem der nicht-tarifären Hemmnisse im Telekommunikationssektor umzugehen.
    Keywords: F13 ; F02 ; L96 ; ddc:330 ; International Economic Order ; Trade Negotiations ; Non-Tariff Barriers ; Telecommunications Services ; Telekommunikation ; Internationaler Dienstleistungsverkehr ; Nichttarifäre Handelshemmnisse ; Network Externalities ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Wellington: New Zealand Government, The Treasury
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Demographic forecasts predict that over the next fifty years the proportion of people in New Zealand over the age of 65 will more than double, from 12 percent in 1999 to 26 percent in 2050. This paper reviews potential economic implications of this demographic change in the following broad categories: Demographic change, Labour Markets, Fiscal Impacts, Capital Markets, and Long-run economic growth effects. A synopsis is made of the key economic and demographic issues relating to each category, and the paper highlights those issues to be prioritised in further research. The paper also questions the existing frameworks and methodologies that have been used to study population ageing. Two issues stand out in this regard. Firstly, there is a tendency to view population ageing as a "static" phenomenon. The economic implications of population ageing are pervasive and complex. Future research may benefit from attention to individual behavioural responses to ageing and into the underlying demographic dynamics of population ageing. Secondly, the future economic impacts of an ageing population are inherently uncertain. Future research could well incorporate methodological approaches that attempt to account for these inherent uncertainties.
    Keywords: J14 ; J18 ; ddc:330 ; Population Ageing ; Economics and Demographic Change
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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