Results of the mapping of the blue gas-rich S0 galaxy NGC 5102 in the 21-cm H I line with a spatial resolution of 34 x 37 arcsec (delta(alpha) x Delta(delta)) and a velocity resolution of 12 km/s are presented. The H I distribution has a pronounced central depression of 1.9 kpc radius, and most of the H I is concentrated in a 3.6 kpc wide ring with an average radius of 3.7 kpc, assuming a distance of 4 Mpc for NGC 5102. The maximum azimuthally averaged H I surface density in the ring is 1.4 solar mass/sq pc, comparable to that found in other S0 galaxies. The HI velocity field is quite regular, showing no evidence for large-scale deviations from circular rotation, and the H I is found to rotate in the plane of the stellar disk. Both the H I mass/blue luminosity ratio and the radial H I distribution are similar to those in early-type spirals. The H I may be an old disk or it may have been acquired through capture of a gas-rich smaller galaxy. The recent starburst in the nuclear region, which gave the galaxy its blue color, may have been caused by partial radial collapse of the gas disk, or by infall of a gas-rich dwarf galaxy.
Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361); 269; 2-Jan; p. 15-28.